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研究生:黃鈺琳
研究生(外文):Huang, Yulin
論文名稱:銅、鋅、鋁在含硫環境中大氣腐蝕行為相關研究
論文名稱(外文):Corrosion Behavior Studies on Copper, Zinc and Aluminum in Sulfur Containing Environment.
指導教授:施漢章
指導教授(外文):H.C.Shih
口試委員:曹春暉施漢章羅俊雄
口試委員(外文):Tsau, Chun-HueiH.C.ShihJiunn-shyong Luo
口試日期:2012-06-29
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中國文化大學
系所名稱:化學工程與材料工程學系奈米材料碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:116
中文關鍵詞:大氣腐蝕北投溫泉
外文關鍵詞:atmosphere exposuresulfurBeitou hot springs
相關次數:
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由於北投地區之溫泉屬多樣化及國人對溫泉的喜好,加速溫泉區
發展。大氣曝露試驗需要長時間進行觀測,而現場曝露試驗之初期腐
蝕行為研究是值得去探討的研究。本研究使用鋅、鋁、銅三種金屬材
料在鄰近溫泉區之惇敘高工和新民國中兩地特定含硫環境下進行曝
露試驗;分析其重量損失、表面腐蝕生成物分析。並用電化學極化法
測試其曝露試驗後之腐蝕電位差異。
鋅只會形成
In this study, zinc, aluminum and copper, three basic metallic materials,
according to the requirement of ISO as well as CNS, nearby the Beitou
hot springs were evaluated. Two locations were selected; they are
Dun-Xu Technical School and Xin-Min Junior High School, for the
accommodation of the exposure facilities, based on their chemical of
sulfur compounds and one location (Xin-Min Junior High School) even
contains HCl. Analysis of weight loss, electrochemical polarization and
surface analysis of the corrosion products were analyzed by XRD and
XPS. The corrosion products pf zinc and copper are mainly composed of
ZnS and ZnO for the zinc, and Cu2S, CuS, Cu2O and CuO for the copper;
CuCl and CuCl2 are also observed at the exposure site of Xin-Min Junior
High School. Aluminum only takes the oxide form of Al2O3 which is
usually protective; no sulfide was observed on aluminum. It may
conclude that aluminum is corrosion-resistant in sulfur containing
environments. Based on the results up to a 90 days study, it is by no
means a complete coverage of the corrosion products and continuously
grow at this stage of observation. It is necessary to further keep on the
track of the development of surface structure and chemistry of the
exposures in the two test sites.
中文摘要............................... I
Abstract..............................II
謝誌.................................. III
總目錄................................. IV
表目錄...................................X
圖目錄...................................XI
第一章緒論.................................1
1.1 研究動機..............................1
1.2 研究範圍...............................2
1.3 研究架構................................3
1.4 基本材料種類介紹......................4
1.4.1 鋅....................................4
1.4.2 鋁...............................4
1.4.3 銅..................................4
第二章文獻回顧 .............................5
2.1 腐蝕定義..............................5
2.1.1 均勻腐蝕.............................5
2.1.2 孔蝕................................6
2.1.3 間隙腐蝕............................8
2.1.4 晶界腐蝕..............................9
2.1.5 選擇性侵蝕.............................9
2.1.6 沖磨腐蝕..............................10
2.1.7 伽凡尼腐蝕............................10
2.1.8 環境誘導破裂..........................11
2.2 腐蝕成因..............................13
2.2.1 水份.................................13
2.2.2氧氣..................................13
2.2.3相對濕度(RH) .........................14
2.2.4 水膜厚度.............................15
2.2.5 氣體高溫環境中的腐蝕原理................16
2.2.6 含水環境中的腐蝕原理..................18
2.3 鋅、鋁、銅腐蝕機制.......................19
2.3.1 一般大氣環境............................19
2.3.2 工業環境(含硫環境).......................20
2.3.3 海洋環境................................22
2.4 電化學原理及測量方法........................23
2.4.1 線性極化法...............................23
2.4.2 陽極極化法...............................25
第三章實驗步驟 ................................27
3.1 實驗流程.................................27
3.2 曝露試驗材質選擇與前處理...................29
3.3 曝露試驗前處理...........................31
3.4 試驗變數.................................33
3.5 曝露試驗地點選擇...........................34
3.5.1 新民國中................................34
3.5.2 敦敘高工................................35
3.6 重量損失...................................38
3.6.1 腐蝕生成物清除流程........................38
3.7 電化學測試(極化測試) ........................41
3.8 表面腐蝕生成物分析...........................43
3.8.1 場發射掃描式電子顯微鏡FE-SEM...............43
3.8.2 X 光繞射分析儀XRD.........................44
3.8.3 X 光光電子能譜儀XPS........................45
第四章結果與討論.................................46
4.1 重量損失....................................46
4.1.1 鋅重量損失................................46
4.1.2 鋁重量損失................................48
4.1.3 銅重量損失................................49
4.2 電化學直流極化...............................52
4.2.1 鋅........................................53
4.2.2 鋁........................................55
4.2.3 銅........................................57
4.3FE-SEM 表面形態分析...........................60
4.3.1 鋅之表面形態分析............................60
4.3.2 鋁之表面形態分析............................65
4.3.3 銅之表面形態分析............................70
4.4. XRD 腐蝕生成物種類分析.......................75
4.4.1 鋅表面腐蝕生成物種類........................75
4.4.2 鋁表面腐蝕生成物種類........................77
4.4.3 銅表面腐蝕生成物種類........................78
4.5 XPS 腐蝕生成物鍵結分析........................81
4.5.1 鋅........................................81
4.5.2 鋁........................................86
4.5.3 銅........................................91
4.6 Cu、Al、Zn 不同條件之試樣圖...................97
第五章結論......................................101
第六章未來展望 ..................................103
第七章參考文獻 ..................................104
第八章附錄......................................110
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