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研究生:邱珮玲
研究生(外文):Pei-Ling Chiu
論文名稱:以心理分析論克里斯多夫.諾藍電影蝙蝠俠《開戰時刻》與《黑暗騎士》中英雄之升起與殞落
論文名稱(外文):A Psychoanalytic Reading of the Rise and Fall of the Hero in Christopher Nolan’s Movies Batman Begins and The Dark Knight
指導教授:史文生史文生引用關係
指導教授(外文):Frank W. Stevenson
口試委員:丁善雄蔡振興
口試委員(外文):Shan-hsiung TingChen-Hsing Tsai
口試日期:2012-06-29
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中國文化大學
系所名稱:英國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:77
中文關鍵詞:蝙蝠俠創殤記憶佛洛依德自我本我與超我主僕論述辯證
外文關鍵詞:psychoanalysisOedipus complexsuper herotrauma affectBatman
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摘要
《蝙蝠俠:開戰時刻》與《黑暗騎士》兩部電影啟開了觀眾對於電影涉及心理分析層面的進一步體驗。導演兼劇作克里斯多夫諾藍將美國的經典漫畫英雄重新搬上螢幕,不同於往常疏離的漫畫式帶有哥德黑暗風格蝙蝠俠系列,他大量使用了心理學論點元素,配合驚悚震撼畫面動作的引導帶領人們重回布魯斯韋恩置身所戰鬥掙扎的高譚市。藉此論文來探究諾藍所駕構的新世紀蝙蝠俠的內心世界。
首章解釋以心理分析的方向來剖析這兩部電影,以佛洛依德對於潛意識裡的認知轉移來大方向介紹探討布魯斯韋恩的恐懼來源,選擇成為蝙蝠俠當作符號的另一個自我,創殤效應與其他角色間互動的原型框架。第二章分析敘述布魯斯韋恩選擇成為的第二自我,蝙蝠俠的來源。追溯其恐懼元素的來源:蝙蝠攻擊與目睹雙親被殺,並藉由分析原生父親湯瑪斯與新的父親角色杜卡的相互比較,進而分析父親角色的情結在布魯斯身上的影響,以推知他成為蝙蝠俠的真正誘因與動力。第三章細述創殤效應。在兩部片中共同存在於小丑與布魯斯韋恩身上的元素:創殤記憶,在他們兩人身上的心理效應與外顯的表現。同是創殤的受害者,兩人的互動乃緊緊環扣,海格爾的主僕論述辯證可解釋其奇妙的糾葛關係。第四章是以自我本我與超我當作框架來解讀蝙蝠俠,小丑與雙面人之間的互動原理。探討了蝙蝠俠如何從失控的本我中成就了自我,接而面臨了小丑的作惡下高譚市失去了精神寄託丹特,其中掙扎過程中選擇的承擔罪名而成就了超我。
最後結論指出諾藍的蝙蝠俠電影系列中的人物發展與互動演變,超越了佛洛依德的原型,各角色即好即壞無所定論。這兩部片乃是現代版的英雄神話重新演繹,更是成功詮釋後現代與後結構主義文學電影裡所提出的模糊合一的概念。
Abstract
Batman Begins and the Dark knight break through the stale American film scene and create a new genre of psychological super hero film. Director and author of the screenplay, Christopher Nolan reinterprets the classic American comic book hero, the Batman, with a whole new dimension. Instead the conventional distant and yet gothic under-toned Batman series in the past decades, Nolan’s new Batman series use a great deal of psychoanalytic essences as well as the thriller factor to bring in audiences to experience Bruce Wayne’s Gotham City and his personal battles. This thesis is to dissect Nolans’ new Batman and Batman’s inner world with the psychoanalysis point of view.
This thesis is divided into five parts. Chapter One explains the Freudian approaches being used in analyzing these two films. There are four major directions: fear and Oedipus complex, symbol and alter ego, trauma effect and then the framework of id, ego and superego. Chapter Two discusses Bruce Wayne’s alter ego, the Batman and the formation of such a character. I investigate Bruce’s deep fears: the swarming bats and the witnessing of his parents’murder. His fear links to his Oedipus complex with his own father, Thomas Wayne and his new father figure, Ducard. Then I compare and contrasted these two father figures. Chapter Three explores how the Joker and Batman connect together through their traumatic experiences and how they reveal their likeness inside and out. Chapter Four examines the interlocking relationship between the Joker, Batman (Bruce Wayne) and Two-Face (Harvey Dent) with the framework of id, ego and superego. I analyze Batman’s path of nearly being taken over by the id to hold his own ground as the ego; then from losing the Gothamites’ hope, Dent, to becoming the scapegoat and thus accomplish the superego.
The conclusion points out these characters in the films are beyond Freudian archetypes and inclusive in their good and evil. Nolan’s films provide a distinctive ambiguity and confusion of identities which have brought the audience a further look of the selves.
Table of contents
Abstract (English)………………..……………………………………………………i
Abstract (Chinese) ……………………………………………………………………ii
Acknowledgements…………………………………………………..………………iii


Introduction……………………………………………………………………………1

Chapter I Psychoanalyzing Nolan’s Batman Begins and The Dark Knight………….…6

Chapter II Bruce Wayne’s Alter-ego as Batman………………………………..…….13

Chapter III Traumatic Effect on Batman Begins and The Dark Knight…………..…...26

Chapter IV the Psychological framework in The Dark Knight…………………………47
1. Changes of Dent………………………………………………………...……54
2. Joker versus Batman:………………………………………………...………56
3. Batman versus Dent: ……………………………………..………………….62
4. The interaction between Batman, the joker and Dent:……………………….64

Conclusion……………………………………...…………………………………….70

Works Cited…………………………………………………………………………..74

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