跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(35.173.42.124) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/26 14:16
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:杜宗岦
研究生(外文):Du, Zongli
論文名稱:台灣報紙標題中的意識型態與權力關係
論文名稱(外文):Ideology And Power In Newspaper Headlines In Taiwan
指導教授:黃麗蓉黃麗蓉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Huang, Lijung
口試委員:賴春燕高谷建廷
口試委員(外文):Lai, ChunyenTakaya, Kentei
口試日期:2012-06-19
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:靜宜大學
系所名稱:英國語文學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:85
中文關鍵詞:批判論述分析媒體研究意識型態權力關係
外文關鍵詞:critical discourse analysismedia analysisideologypower
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:452
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:28
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
新聞報導事件是從編輯或是從報社的角度來做出對事件的敘述的,因此讀者對這事件的看法將會受到描述的角度的影響,也就是報紙控制了讀者對社會事件的看法,或是對世界的觀點將會受到報紙描述的影響。台灣與大陸的關係使台灣內部政治主要有兩種不同的訴求,這兩種訴求來自台灣兩大政黨,尋求台灣獨立的民進黨以及認為應該在九二共識的前提下,台灣與中國大陸互動進而尋求統一的國民黨。本篇研究將探討新聞媒體如何在文章中報導及描述這兩個互相反對的政治意識。
本篇研究採用批判論述分析來分析報紙標題中的意識型態及權力關係。兩個政治意識鮮明的台灣報紙被選為本篇研究的資料標題來源。一個是支持台灣獨立的自由時報,而另一個是支持以九二共識的基礎與中國大陸互動的聯合報。因此自由時報主要支持民進黨的政策,而聯合報主要支持國民黨的政策。本篇研究主要分析了描述中國大陸海協會會長陳雲林於2008年11月間訪台的新聞標題,主要分析11月4日至11月8日間描述關於陳雲林訪台的五十則新聞標題。自由時報與聯合報各二十五篇。本篇研究分析了三種標題內的語言結構,包含標題所描述的主題,標題所包含的引用語和引用來源,以及用字遣詞。
本篇研究發現此二政治意識對立的報紙在報導同一事件時,透過這三種語言特色的不同運用方式將使讀者對同一事件有不同的看法,而報社的意識型態也因此而流露出來。支持國民黨執政政策的聯合報常描述陳雲林的正面形象及兩會協議的所帶來的利益,而反對的自由時報則以負面形象描寫陳雲林及協議的潛在威脅。由此分析可知,新聞標題的呈現充滿意識型態。
Newspapers present news events from the point of view of the editors/writers. In turn, they also control people’s view toward the society. The readers’ perception of the world is, therefore, under the control of the writers. In Taiwan, there are two major political parties, the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) and the Kuomintang (KMT). The DPP claims that Taiwan is an independent country, while the KMT claims that under the consensus established in 1992, Taiwan and Mainland China should gradually be unified into one country. This study discusses how the media present the two opposed political ideologies in their articles.
Adopting critical discourse analysis (CDA) as the analytic framework, this study analyzed selected headlines in two ideologically opposed newspapers in Taiwan, i.e. the pro-independence Liberty Times (LT) and the pro-unification United Daily News (UDN). The headlines describing the news event about the visit of Chen Yunlin, the chairmen of Association for Relations Across the Taiwan Strait in PRC, in 2008 in Taiwan were analyzed. Fifty headlines of the news event from November 4th, 2008 to November 8th, 2008 were selected. The linguistic features in the articles were analyzed, including topics of the headlines, quotations, and lexical choices. This study finds out how the two newspapers present the same issue from different political viewpoints. The results show that the UDN, which supports the KMT cross-strait policy, presents the positive descriptions of Chen and the benefits of the agreements; while the LT, which opposes the KMT cross-strait policy, presents the negative descriptions of Chen and the possible threats of the agreements. The results show that language use in the news headlines is not neutral, but full of ideology.
List of Tables iii
Abstract iv
Chinese Abstract v
Acknowledgements vi
Chapter One 1
Introduction 1
1.1 Background of the study 1
1.2 The socio-political context in Taiwan 3
1.3 Background of Chiang-Chen meeting 5
1.4 Aim of study 6
1.5 Research questions 6
1.6 Structure of the thesis 7
Chapter Two 8
Literature Review 8
2.1 Ideology and power 8
2.2 Critical discourse analysis 11
2.3 Language in newspaper/ Newspaper edition 15
2.3.1 Headlines 17
2.4 Related studies 17
Chapter Three 25
Methodology 25
3.1 Source of data 25
3.2 Data collection 26
3.3 Data analysis 27
Chapter Four 30
Data analysis and Discussion 30
4.1 Headlines and the subheadings 30
4.1.1 Headlines in the Liberty Times 31
4.1.2 Headlines in the United Daily News 32
4.1.3 A comparison of the headlines from the LT and the UDN 33
4.2 Quotations in the headlines 36
4.2.1 Comparison of quoted content from the headlines 37
4.2.2 Comparison of quoted sources from the headlines 49
4.3 Lexical choices in the headlines 57
4.4 Summary and answers to the research questions 68
Chapter Five 72
Conclusion 72
5.1 Summary of the study 72
5.2 Significance of the study 73
5.3 Limitations of the study and suggestions for further studies 73
References 75
Appendix 78
Allan, S. (2004). News culture (2nd ed.). Buckingham: Open University Press.
Bell, A. (1991). The language of news media. Oxford: Blackwell.
Bloch, M. (1975). Political language and oratory in traditional society. New York: Academic Press.
Blommaert, J. (2005). Discourse: a critical introduction. New York: Cambridge.
Brown, R. & Gilman, A. (1960). The pronouns of power and solidarity. In T. A. Sebeok (Ed.), Style in language (pp. 253-276). Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
Carvalho, A. (2008). Media(ted) discourse and society: rethinking the framework of critical discourse analysis. Journalism Studies, 9(2), 161-177.
Democratic Progressive Party (2010). The establishment of a sovereign and independent Republic of Taiwan. Retrieved June 26, 2012, from http://dpptaiwan.blogspot.tw/2011/03/establishment-of-sovereign-and.html
Fairclough, N. (1995). Critical discourse analysis. New York: Longman.
Fairclough, N. (2001). Language and power (2nd ed.). Harlow: Longman.
Fang, Y. J. (2001). Reporting the same events? A critical analysis of Chinese print news media texts. Discourse & Society, 12(5), 585-613.
Fowler, R. (1991). Language in the news: discourse and ideology in the press. London: Routledge.
Galtung, J., & Ruge, M. (1965). Structuring and selecting news. In S.Cohen, & J. Young (Eds.), The manufacture of news: social problems, deviance and the news media (pp. 62-72). London: Constable.
Government Information Office (2011). The republic of China yearbook 2011. Retrieved June 26, 2012, from http://www.gio.gov.tw/taiwan-website/5-gp/yearbook/
Gumperz, J. J. (1976). Language, communication and public negotiations. In R. Sanday (Ed.), Anthropology and the public interest: fieldwork and theory (pp.273-292). New York: Academic Press.
Halliday, M. A. K. (1985). An introduction to functional grammar. London: Edward Arnold.
Kamisli, S., & Dogancay-Aktuna, S. (1996). Effects of social power on language use across speech communities. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 6, 199-222.
Kedar, L. (Ed.). (1987). Power through discourse. Norwood, N.J.: Ablex Pub.
Kuo, S. H. (2001). Is there only one China? Analyzing the rhetoric of Chinese nationalism in a newspaper article. Journal of Asian Pacific Communication, 11(2), 283-299.
Kuo, S. H. (2003). You’re a little rabbit in a pack of foxes: animal metaphors in Chinese political discourse. Journal of Chinese Linguistics, 33(1), 72-100.
Kuo, S. H. (2004). The use of address forms in Chinese political discourse: analyzing the 1998 Taipei mayoral debates. Tsing Hua Journal of Chinese Studies, New Series, 33(1), 153-172.
Kuo, S. H., & Nakamura, M. (2005). Translation or transformation? A case study of language and ideology in Taiwanese press. Discourse & Society, 16(3), 393-417.
Kuo, S. H. (2007). Language as ideology: analyzing quotations in Taiwanese news discourse. Journal of Asian Pacific Communication, 17(2), 281-301.
Li, J. (2010). Transitivity and lexical cohesion: press representations of a political disaster and its actors. Journal of Pragmatics, 42, 3444-3458.
Mainland Affairs Council, Executive Yuan (2007). Examples of China's suppression of Taiwan in the international arena over recent years. Retrieved May 15, 2012, from http://www.mac.gov.tw/mp.asp?mp=3
Office of the President (2008). President Ma's inaugural address. Retrieved June 26, 2012, from http://english.president.gov.tw/Default.aspx?tabid=491&itemid=16304&rmid=2355&size=100
Paine, R. (1981). Politically speaking. Philadelphia: Institute for the Study of Human Issues.
Paltridge, B. (2006). Discourse analysis: an introduction. London: Continuum.
Richardson, J. E. (2007). Analysing newspapers: an approach from critical discourse analysis. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.
Simpson, P. (1993). Language, ideology, and point of view. London and New York: Routledge.
Talbot, M., Atkinson, K., & Atkinson, D. (2003). Language and power in the modern world. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Teo, P. (2000). Racism in the news: a critical discourse analysis of news reporting in two Australian newspapers. Discourse & Society, 11(1), 7-49.
Thomas, L., Wareing, S., Singh, I., Peccei, J. S., Thornborrow, J., & Jones, J. (2004). Language, society and power (2nd ed.). London: Routledge.
Van Dijk, T.A. (1988a). News analysis: case studies of international and national news in the press. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Van Dijk, T.A. (1988b). News as discourse. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Van Dijk, T.A. (1991). Racism and the press. London: Routledge.
Van Dijk, T.A. (1998). Ideology: a multidisciplinary approach. London: Sage Publications.
Wodak, R. (1996). Disorders of discourse. London: Longman.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊