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研究生:陳漢楷
研究生(外文):Chen, Hankai
論文名稱:探討雜交吳郭魚礦物質之消化率
論文名稱(外文):Study On The Digestibility Of Mineral In Juvenile Hybrid Tilapia, Oreochromis Niloticus × O. Aureus
指導教授:蕭錫延蕭錫延引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shiau, Shiyen
口試委員:林鈺鴻林美芳
口試委員(外文):Lin, YuhungLin, Meifang
口試日期:2012-07-21
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:靜宜大學
系所名稱:食品營養學系
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:營養學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:71
中文關鍵詞:吳郭魚礦物質消化率
外文關鍵詞:tilapiamineraldigestibility
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本研究由體內消化率與體外溶解度實驗,探討吳郭魚對有機態與無機態銅、鐵、鋅及錳之利用性,及飼料中維生素C與植酸對其礦物質利用之影響。三種基礎飼料分別為添加1.5%植酸(+P)、400 mg/kg維生素C (+C)或兩者均不添加,分別添加有機態(Org組)與無機態(Inorg)之銅、鐵、錳及鋅,共六組飼料,分別餵以初重35.30±0.1之吳郭魚,每組三重覆,共18缸,餵食實驗飼料2週,進行消化率測定。體外實驗部分比照動物實驗之分組,分別測定各有機態與無機態礦物質於pH值6、7、8之溶解度。實驗結果顯示無論礦物質來源為有機態或無機態,表觀乾物消化率均以添加植酸或維生素C之各組(Inorg+P, Inorg+C, Org+P, Org+C)顯著低於未添加(Inorg, Org)兩組。銅及鋅無論礦物質來源為有機態或無機態,其消化率均以Inorg+P、Inorg+C、Org+P及Org+C四組顯著低於Inorg與Org兩組。鐵之消化率以Org組高於Inorg+P及Org+P兩組。錳之消化率以Org組高於Inorg+P及Inorg+C兩組。銅之溶解度在pH 6且添加維生素C以及pH 7與8之各組,其溶解度均以無機態組高於有機態組。
鐵之溶解度在pH 6、pH 7與8之各組,溶解度均以有機態組高於無機態組。錳之溶解度在pH 7且添加維生素C及8之各組為有機態組高於無機態組;在pH 7且添加植酸及6之各組為無機態組高於有機態組。鋅之溶解度在pH 7各組為有機態組高於無機態組;在pH 6不含植酸組及8之各組為無機態組高於有機態組。本研究結果顯示除有機態鐵之消化率高於無機態鐵外,其餘有機態與無機態銅、錳及鋅之消化均無差異。當添加高量維生素C及植酸時,均造成吳郭魚對有機態或無機態銅、鐵、錳及鋅之消化率下降,並降低各有機態及無機態礦物質之溶解度。
This study was to evaluate in vivo digestibility and in vitro solubility of organic (Org) and inorganic (Inorg) form of copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn) and zinc (Zn) by tilapia. Phytic acid and vitamin C were also incorporated into experimental diets to elucidate their effects on mineral utilization. Basal diet with or without 1.5% phytic acid (+ P), 400 mg /kg vitamin C (+ C), were supplemented with Org and Inorg Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn at 0, 48, 6, 10 mg/kg (Org) or 4, 85, 7, 30 mg/kg (Inorg), respectively. There were eighteen experimental diets, each was fed to triplicate groups of tilapia (mean initial body weight 35.30±0.1 g) for two weeks followed by digestibility trial. Solubility of Org and Inorg minerals was determined at pH 6, 7 and 8.
Apparent digestibility of dry matter, Cu and Zn were lower (P<0.05) in fish fed diets with phytic acid or vitamin C (Inorg+P, Inorg+C, Org+P, Org+C) than that Inorg and Org mineral groups regardless of mineral form. Apparent Fe digestibility was higher in Org group than that of Inorg+P and Org+P groups. Fish fed diet with Org mineral had higher Mn digestibility than fish fed diets with Inorg+P and Inorg+C. At pH 6, and at pH 7 and 8 and with vitamin C, solubility of Inorg Cu was higher than that of Org form. Org Fe had higher solubility than Inorg Fe regardless of pH level. At pH 7 with vitamin C and pH 8 of all treatments solubility of Org Mn was higher than that of Inorg form. Inorg Mn had higher solubility than Org form at pH 7 with phytic acid and all treatments at pH 6. At pH 7, Org Zn solubility was higher than that Inorg form. At pH 6 without phytic acid and at pH 7 of all treatments, Inorg Zn solubility was higher than that Org form.These results suggest that apparent digestibility of Org Fe was higher than that Inorg form, whereas apparent digestibility of Org and Inorg Cu, Mn and Zn were similar. Digestibility of Org and Inorg Cu, Fe, Mn and Zn depressed in fish fed diets with phytic acid or vitamin C; solubility of these minerals decreased with the presence of phytic acid or vitamin C.
摘要 VI
Abstract VIII
第一章 前言 1
第二章 文獻回顧 3
第一節 魚類對銅、鐵、鋅及錳之需求 3
第二節 有機態與無機態銅、鐵、鋅及錳之生物利用率 15
第三節 礦物質一般吸收機制 18
第四節 植酸和維生素C簡介 20
第五節 魚類的消化系統 21
第六節 消化率簡介 23
第三章 材料方法 27
第四章 結果 34
第五章 討論 50
第六章 結論 57
參考文獻 58
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