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研究生(外文):Cheng, Jin-Han
論文名稱(外文):Using the Technology Acceptance Model to Explore the Effect of Learning Intention and Self-Directed Learning on Smartphone Learning Outcomes
指導教授(外文):Lo, Yen-Fen
口試委員(外文):Hong, Cian-CaiLiu, Jhong-Ju
外文關鍵詞:technology acceptance modelearning usage intentionself-directed learninglearning outcomes
  • 被引用被引用:0
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As burgeoning development of Communication Technology initiates a new milestone for education systems, the invention of smart mobile devices allow students convenient access to various types of educational applications. Through wireless network, aforementioned softwares are transferred from a device to an operation system by way of wireless network transmission. Learners benefit from the privilege to obtain learning materials at any given time, place, and under any circumstances, thus achieving ubiquitous learning. Smartphone learning is an innovative form of teaching which rectifies the shortcomings of traditional education, dissociates the negative impression of previous learning experience, thereby triggering greater motivation among participants. This study considers the Technology Acceptance Model by Davis et al. (1989) as the fundamental principle to conduct an in-depth research of participant’s perceptions, learning usage intention, and self-directed learning ability. Subsequently, this study seeks correlation or affected learning outcomes. The objective of this publication aims to offer software developers a reference for the future designs of learning applications.
Samples of this study are primarily taken from smartphone users who posses learning applications downloaded on their devices. Invalid samples discarded, a total of 420 samples are retrieved with retrieval rate of 53% for valid retrieval. Empirical results reveal that learning outcomes are not only affected by user perceptions, but partial influence by learning behavior intention. In the dimension of self-directed learning ability, factors of independent study and fondness for learning also significantly intervene one’s learning intention and learning outcomes. Related hypothetical studies on the learning intentions of participants in adopting new technology, it has been found that there is a positive correlation between usage perceptions and usage intentions for new technology.

1. Introduction 1
1.1 Research Background 1
1.2 Research motivation and objectives 3
1.3 Research Scope 4
1.4 Research process 5

2. Literature Review 6
2.1 Technology Acceptance Model 6
2.2 Self-directed learning ability 9
2.3 Learning Outcome 18

3. Research Method 24
3.1 Research framework 24
3.2 Research Hypotheses 25
3.3 Operational definition of research constructs 29
3.4 Research tool 30
3.5 Implement the formal survey 37
3.6 Data analysis 37

4. Empirical Study 39
4.1 Sample Description 39
4.2 Descriptive statistics 39
4.3 Correlation analysis of user’s perception to smartphone learning usage intention 42
4.4 Analysis of the influence of user’s perception on learning outcomes 42
4.5 Analysis of mediating effect of usage intention on user’s perception and learning outcomes 45
4.6 Analysis of the moderating effect of self-directed learning ability on Smartphone learning usage intention and learning outcome 50
4.7 The Result of hypotheses 64

5. Conclusion and Managerial Implications 67
5.1 Conclusion 67
5.2 Research limitation 68
5.3 Future work and suggestions 68

References 70
Appendix 78
Appendix-1 Questionnaire with scholar and expert suggestions 79
Appendix-2 Formal Questionnaire 85

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