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研究生:鄧年嘉
研究生(外文):Deng, Mog
論文名稱:大學生知覺父母婚姻衝突情形與其愛情依附關係之相關性研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of the Correlation between the Awareness of Parents' Marital Conflict and the Romantic Attachment of University Students
指導教授:謝文宜謝文宜引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wen-Yi Shieh
口試委員:孫頌賢蕭英玲
口試委員(外文):Sun, Sung-HsienHsiao,Ying-Ling
口試日期:2012-02-07
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:實踐大學
系所名稱:家庭研究與兒童發展學系碩士班
學門:社會服務學門
學類:兒童保育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:88
中文關鍵詞:愛情依附關係父母婚姻衝突
外文關鍵詞:Awareness of Parents' Marital ConflictRomantic Attachment
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中文摘要
本研究目的在瞭解大學生知覺父母婚姻衝突情形對其愛情依附關係之影響情形。研究對象設定為目前具有伴侶關係之大學生且該戀情之交往時間在一個月以上者,共404位樣本,使用「子女知覺父母婚姻衝突量表」(婚姻衝突特徵、威脅認知評估、自責認知評估)與「愛情依附關係量表」(焦慮、親密、依賴)為研究工具進行問卷調查,調查所得資料以描述性統計分析、t考驗、單因子變異數分析、Pearson積差相關,多元迴歸分析等統計方法進行資料分析,主要研究結果如下:

一、知覺父母婚姻衝突情形之現況:
1.大學生多認為父母親衝突或意見不合之次數不會過於頻繁,且認為父母親傾向於使用冷靜討論來解決彼此婚姻的問題與衝突。
2.大學生多主觀評估當面臨到父母親婚姻衝突事件時自己的威脅感受較為輕微,且傾向於相信自我是有所因應能力能夠解決如此的衝突狀態。
3.大學生多主觀認定自己不應該為父母婚姻衝突的負責任,且傾向於認為自己與父母婚姻衝突的關聯性低,不會過度自我責備。

二、愛情依附關係現況:
1.大學生多在自身愛情關係中不會過度擔心自己會被伴侶拋棄,以及相信自我的依附需求會得到滿足或回應,而不會被拒絕。
2.大學生多認為目前交往的對象是一個值得依賴的依附對象,且面對與伴侶之間的親密、靠近皆能感到舒適與安全。

三、家庭衝突背景與知覺父母婚姻衝突情形之間:
1.大學生經歷父母婚姻衝突事件後所知覺到之「婚姻衝突特徵」與「威脅認知評估」將因父母婚姻狀況的不同而有所差異。
2.大學生經歷父母婚姻衝突事件後所知覺到之「婚姻衝突特徵」與「威脅認知評估」將因首次知覺父母婚姻衝突年齡的不同而有所差異。

四、家庭衝突背景與愛情依附關係之間:
1.大學生在愛情依附關係之「焦慮」、「親密」與「依賴」特質的展現不因父母婚姻狀況的不同而有所差異。
2.大學生在愛情依附關係中「依賴」特質的展現將因其首次知覺父母婚姻衝突年齡的不同而有所差異。

五、知覺父母婚姻衝突情形與愛情依附關係之間:
1.大學生知覺父母婚姻衝突情形與其愛情依附關係皆達顯著相關:「婚姻衝突特徵」、「威脅認知評估」、「自責認知評估」與「焦慮」達顯著正相關,與「親密」、
「依賴」達顯著負相關。
2.知覺父母婚姻衝突情形對愛情依附關係具有解釋力,且達顯著。

六、不同家庭衝突背景下知覺父母婚姻衝突情形對愛情依附關係之影響:
1.父母仍在婚姻關係中之大學生,知覺父母婚姻衝突情形將對其愛情依附關係各特質之展現具有顯著影響。
2.父母離異之大學生,知覺父母婚姻衝突情形僅對其愛情依附關係中「親密」與「依賴」特質之展現具有顯著影響。
3.首次知覺父母衝突年齡在6歲以下之大學生,知覺父母婚姻衝突情形將對其愛情依附關係各特質之展現具有顯著影響。
4.首次知覺父母衝突年齡為7歲至12歲和13歲以上之大學生,知覺父母婚姻衝突情形僅對其愛情依附關係中「焦慮」與「依賴」特質之展現具有顯著影響。

Abstract

This study aims to explore how the university students’ perception of their parents’ marital conflict influences their own romantic attachment. The subjects, in total 404, were all university students who had been in relationship with a partner for more than one month. The surveys used in this research were “Children’s Perception of Interparental Conflict Scale,” (items include: properties of marital conflict、appraisal of threat、appraisal of self-blame) and “Revised Adult Attachment Scale” (items include: Anxiety、Depend、Close). The survey outcome was analyzed by using descriptive statistics, T-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson product-moment correlation and multiple regression analysis. The summary of the study is as follows.

A. The subjects’ perception of their parent’s marital conflicts:

1. Most university students believed that the frequency of their parents’ dispute or conflicts was not high, and that their parents tended to calmly settle the difference of opinions in their marriage through discussion.
2. Most subjects evaluated themselves to be under low level of threaten during the marital conflicts of their parents. Also, they were confident that they had had the ability to face such conflicts.
3. Most university students believed that they were not to be blamed for their parents’ marital conflicts. They tended to consider their parents’ disputes had little to do with them. Therefore, they would not unduly blame themselves.

B. The subjects’ romantic attachment:

1.Most university students did not overly worried about been “dumped.” They had confidence that their attachment needs would be satisfied and addressed instead of denied in the relationship.
2.Most subjects considered their partners to be a trustworthy companion. They were comfortable about having a close and intimate relationship with their partners.

C. The correlation between conflict background in the family and the subjects’ perception of the parent’s marital conflicts:
1.The properties of marital conflict and the appraisal of threat perceived by the subjects, after they went through the parents’ conflicts, differed depending on the parents’ marital status.
2.The properties of marital conflict and the appraisal of threat perceived by the subjects, after they went through the parents’ conflicts, differed based on the age when the subjects recognized their parents’ marital conflicts for the first time.

D. The correlation between conflict background in the family and the subjects’ romantic attachment:
1.The subjects’ display of anxiety, intimacy and dependence, these traits, in the romantic relationship was not influenced by the parents’ marital status.
2.The subjects’ display of dependence in the romantic relationship differed based on the age when the subjects recognized their parents’ marital conflicts for the first time.

E. The correlation between the subjects’ perception of the parent’s marital conflicts and their own romantic attachment:
1.Significant correlation was found in the university students’ perception of the parent’s marital conflicts and their own romantic attachment. The properties of marital conflict, appraisal of threat and appraisal of self-blame, these three items, were found to have positive correlation with anxiety, but negative correlation with intimacy and dependency.
2.The subjects’ romantic attachment was found related to their perception of the parent’s marital conflicts. The correlation is significant.

E. The influence of the subjects’ perception of the parent’s marital conflicts on their own romantic attachment under different conflict background in the family:
1.For the university students whose parents were still in marital relationship when they filled out the survey, their perception of the parent’s marital conflicts had significant influence on their romantic attachment.
2.For the university students whose parents were divorced when they filled out the survey, their perception of the parent’s marital conflicts had significant influence only on their display of intimacy and dependency in romantic attachment.
3.For the university students who recognized their parents’ marital conflicts for the first time at the age under 6, their perception of the parent’s marital conflicts had significant influence on their display of all traits in romantic attachment.
4.For the university students who recognized their parents’ marital conflicts for the first time at the age between 7 and 12, and 13 or above, their perception of the parent’s marital conflicts had significant influence only on their display of anxiety and dependency in romantic attachment.

目錄


第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究緣起 1
第二節 研究目的 5
第三節 名詞釋義 5
第二章 文獻探討 7
第一節 知覺父母婚姻衝突理論與相關研究 7
第二節 依附理論與依附關係 22
第三節 父母婚姻衝突與子女愛情依附關係之相關性研究 38
第三章 研究方法 44
第一節 研究架構 44
第二節 研究假設 45
第三節 研究對象 46
第四節 研究工具 48
第五節 研究程序 61
第六節 資料分析與處理方式 62
第四章 研究資料統計分析 63
第一節 大學生之個人基本資料、家庭衝突背景、知覺父母婚姻衝突情形與愛情依附關 係之現況分析 63
第二節 大學生家庭衝突背景在知覺父母婚姻衝突情形與愛情依附關係之差異比較 68
第三節 大學生家庭衝突背景與知覺父母婚姻衝突情形、愛情依附關係之相關 71
第五章 結論與建議 79
第一節 結果與討論 79
第二節 研究限制 86
第三節 研究建議 87
參考文獻 89
一、中文部分: 89
二、英文部分 94


圖次

圖2-1-1父母婚姻衝突下子女的認知情境架構 7
圖2-2-1 依附行為系統 26
圖2-2-2 內在運作模式的功能 27
圖2-2-3 成人依附運作模式的階層結構 29
圖2-2-4 成人依附四分類模式 32
圖3-1-1 研究架構圖 44
圖3-4-1 問卷發展流程圖 48
圖3-5-1 研究步驟圖 61



表次
表2-2-1 陌生情境實驗的結果摘要表 24
表2-2-2 童年依附和成人浪漫愛相似特質對照表 33
表2-2-3 國內外常用成人依附測量工具 37
表3-4-1 子女知覺父母婚姻衝突量表因素分析結果 51
表3-4-2 「子女知覺父母婚姻衝突情形」各分量表之內部一致性分析 53
表3-4-3 愛情依附關係量表因素分析結果 57
表3-4-4 「愛情依附關係量表」各分量表的內部一致性分析 58
表4-1-1 大學生個人背景與家庭衝突背景資料描述 65
表4-1-2 大學生知覺父母婚姻衝突情形描述性資料 66
表4-1-3 大學生愛情依附關係描述性資料 67
表4-2-1 父母婚姻狀況與知覺父母衝突情形、愛情依附關係之獨立樣本T檢定結果摘要表 68
表4-2-2首次知覺衝突年齡與知覺父母衝突情形、愛情依附關係之單因子變異數分析結果摘要表 69
表4-3-1 知覺父母婚姻衝突情形與愛情依附關係之PEARSON相關性比較 71
表4-3-2 知覺父母婚姻衝突情形對愛情依附關係之迴歸分析結果 73
表4-3-3 父母在婚姻中之大學生知覺父母婚姻衝突情形對愛情依附關係之迴歸分析結果 74
表4-3-4 父母離婚之大學生知覺父母婚姻衝突情形對愛情依附關係之迴歸分析結果 75
表4-3-5 6歲以下首次知覺父母衝突之大學生知覺父母婚姻衝突情形對愛情依附關係之迴歸分析結果 76
表4-3-6 7歲至12歲首次知覺父母衝突之大學生知覺父母婚姻衝突情形對愛情依附關係之迴歸分析結果 77
表4-3-7 13歲以上首次知覺父母衝突之大學生知覺父母婚姻衝突情形對愛情依附關係之迴歸分析結果 78
表5-1-1 各研究假設之研究結果綜合整理表 79


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