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研究生:李婕榆
研究生(外文):Chieh-Yu Lee
論文名稱:高科技產業研發人員生涯錨與轉職意圖之探討
論文名稱(外文):A Study on Career Anchor and Job Changing Intention of R&D Personnel in High Tech Industries
指導教授:廖鴻圖廖鴻圖引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:世新大學
系所名稱:資訊管理學研究所(含碩專班)
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:100
中文關鍵詞:高科技產業研發人員生涯錨離職意圖轉職意圖
外文關鍵詞:High-tech IndustriesR & D PersonnelCareer AnchorsJob Changing Intention
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高科技產業研發人員在面臨未來前程規劃時,會隨著環境改變及個人成長反應在不同的工作表現。目前高科技產業研發人員的生涯規劃,則包括離職及轉職規劃等選項,而一旦興起離職念頭則會考量是否轉換跑道至其他產業或轉任其他工作型態。故希望能充分瞭解現階段高科技產業研發人員的不同「生涯錨」屬性,探討其對個人離職意圖和轉職意圖的影響程度。並以問卷調查法進行研究,共計發放於405份,回收382份,有效問卷共計369份。研究主要結果摘錄如下:
一、「研發人員生涯錨類型」對「離職意圖」之影響情形:「生涯錨類型之自主獨立型」可正向顯著預測「離職意圖」構面。但其他七種生涯錨類型對「離職意圖」均無顯著影響。
二、「研發人員生涯錨類型」對「轉職意圖」之影響情形:「生涯錨類型之管理職能」及「生涯錨類型之服務奉獻型」可正向顯著預測「轉職意圖」構面。但其他六種生涯錨類型對「轉職意圖」均無顯著影響。
三、「離職意圖」對「轉職意圖」之影響情形:「離職意圖」可正向顯著預測「轉職意圖」構面。即研發人員其離職意圖會對其轉職意圖具有正面顯著影響
The high-tech industry R & D personnel faces the future career planning, along with environmental changes and personal growth, which reflects a different performance. The high-tech industry R & D personnel career direction, including turnover and job changing intention, whether turnover idea will bring the consideration of transferring to other industries or other work styles. Hope by this study to understand the difference career anchor state of the current high-tech industry R & D personnel, to explore the intentions of personal turnover and job changing. This study is conducted with questionnaire, sent total 405 and return 382, eliminated invalid questionnaires with incomplete answer or duplicate answer on the question, total of 369 valid questionnaires. The main results are summarized as follows:
1.The career anchor types of R & D personnel impacts on turnover intention: Independent type of career anchors can be a positive significant predictor for turnover intention dimension. But the other seven career anchor types had no significant effect on turnover intention.
2.The career anchor types of R & D personnel impacts on job changing intention: The management functions and services dedication type of career anchors can be positive significant predictor for job changing intention dimension. But the other six career anchor types had no significant effect on job changing intention.
3.The turnover intention of R & D personnel impacts on job changing intention: Turnover intention can be a positive significant predictor for job changing intention dimension. R & D personnel turnover intention will affect positively on job changing intention.
摘要 I
Abstract IV
目錄 V
圖目錄 VII
表目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究背景與動機 1
1.2研究目的 2
1.3研究範圍 2
1.4論文流程 3
1.5論文架構 4
第二章 文獻探討 5
2.1我國民航機師赴海外發展生涯歷程之研究 5
2.2科技人員生涯成熟、生涯轉換考慮因素與決定傾向之關係研究 7
2.3台灣MIS學生與資訊專業人員生涯錨的比較 9
2.4公司激勵制度、主管領導風格與員工離職傾向之探討 12
2.5研發人員轉業影響因素之探討 14
2.6小結 16
第三章 相關理論與技術 19
3.1生涯錨 19
3.2離職意圖與轉職意圖 21
第四章 研究方法 27
4.1研究架構 27
4.2研究假說 27
4.3操作型定義與問卷量表 28
4.4研究樣本 35
4.5統計分析方法 35
4.6問卷前測分析 36
第五章 分析結果 37
5.1母體敘述性統計分析 37
5.2構面因素萃取分析 43
5.3問卷信度分析 50
5.4基本資料與各構面分析 56
5.5研究假說檢定 66
5.6本章小結 70
第六章 結論與未來研究 73
6.1結論 73
6.2未來研究 76
參考文獻 77
附錄一、高科技產業研發人員生涯錨與轉職意圖之探討研究問卷 84
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