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研究生:王珮君
研究生(外文):Wang, pei-chun
論文名稱:企業減碳衡量指標之訂定
論文名稱(外文):A study on Developing the Indicators of Energy Conservation and Carbon Reduction for the Business
指導教授:周瑛琪周瑛琪引用關係鄧宗禹鄧宗禹引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chou,Ying-ChyiDen,Walter
口試委員:賴文祥黃明官楊佳翰周瑛琪鄧宗禹
口試日期:2012-06-15
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:企業管理學系碩士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:101
中文關鍵詞:能源消耗節能減碳德菲法層級分析法決策實驗室分析法
外文關鍵詞:Energy ConsumptionCarbon ReductionDelphi MethodAnalytic Hierarchy ProcessDecision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:6
  • 點閱點閱:210
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:7
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
近年來全球暖化與氣候變遷所造成的影響,使得企業開始意識到減碳的重要性。然而目前尚未有研究嘗試建構具體的企業減碳衡量指標,因此本研究之目的為藉由文獻回顧的方式及學界、企業界所提供的意見與經驗,建構企業減碳衡量指標,並確認企業減碳衡量指標之相對權重和因果關係。本研究透過回顧文獻方式,整理出企業減碳衡量指標,並且利用德菲法問卷彙整專家的意見,歸納出企業減碳衡量指標的六個構面與十八個準則,接著進行問卷發放,對象為關心節能減碳之企業,最後結合層級分析法與決策實驗室分析法,獲得企業減碳衡量指標之優先次序與因果關係。
研究結果發現,在權重排序方面,六構面權重排序前三者為降低能源消耗、能源效率提升及推廣節能教育;因果關係方面,能源效率提升構面下的能源管理系統建立與降低能源消耗構面下的增加再生能源的使用,將是最值得企業關注並加以改善之準則。本研究所建構之企業減碳衡量指標,及其指標權重與因果關係,使企業能在資源有限的條件下,有一套更清晰、有效且簡單的標準以落實減碳措施,成為對環境負責且有競爭力的企業。

Global warming and climate change have raised the awareness and concern about the issue of energy consumption and CO2 emissions of Business. Although ‘energy conservation and carbon reduction ’has been widely recognized as an effective solution to tackle climate change, but the aspect of CO2 emission reduction still has not been incorporated in the main categories of business. Accordingly, the current study aims to develop and compute the weight of indicators of energy conservation and carbon reduction for the business from different perspectives.This research acquires relatively more important criteria in business through Delphi Method and reviewing literature, including six major criteria and eighteen criteria. The questionnaire was provided for each of business that concern energy conservation and carbon reduction. Finally, this study combines AHP with DEMATEL to analyze the priority and causal relationships of the carbon reduction.
The results generated by AHP show that three major criteria including
reduce energy consumption, improving energy efficiency, and promotion of energy conservation education should be placed in highest priorities,while the results provided by DEMATEL show that energy management systems of improving energy efficiency and increased use renewable energy of reduce energy consumption are the two most worthy criteria to be emphasized and improved for carbon reduction by observing the causal relationships. Following the developed indicators, the business has a clearer and easier template to contribute to the environment and society.

第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第三節 研究流程 3
第貳章 文獻探討 4
第一節 減碳趨勢與發展 4
第二節 各國減碳政策 5
第三節 企業減碳衡量指標 8
第四節 層級分析法 17
第五節 決策實驗室分析方法 19
第參章 研究方法 21
第一節 研究架構 21
第二節 問卷發放對象 23
第三節 修正式德菲法(Modified Delphi Method) 24
第四節 層級分析法(Analytic Hierarchy Process,AHP) 26
第五節 決策實驗室分析方法(Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory,DEMATEL) 30
第肆章 研究分析與結果 33
第一節 德菲法(Delphi)專家問卷設計與分析 33
第二節 層級分析法(AHP)問卷設計與結果分析 39
第三節 DEMATEL結果分析 51
第四節 結合AHP與DEMATEL 76
第伍章 研究結論與建議 81
第一節 研究結論 81
第二節 後續研究建議 83
第三節 研究限制 84
參考文獻 85
附錄一 90
附錄二 95

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貳、英文部分
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參、網站部分
中小企業綠色環保資訊網 http://green.pidc.org.tw/column.php?action=detail&id=8
工業技術研究院 http://college.itri.org.tw/Topiclearn.aspx?id=27

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