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研究生:陳思華
研究生(外文):Chen Szu-Hua
論文名稱:綠色基礎建設策略改善鄉村景觀
論文名稱(外文):Green Infrastructure Promotion Strategy in Rural Landscape- A Study of Community Empowerment of Rural Area in Yunlin County
指導教授:侯錦雄侯錦雄引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jing-Shoung Hou
口試委員:鄭健雄鍾松晉顏宏旭黃宜瑜
口試委員(外文):Jen-Son ChengSung-Chin ChungHung-Hsu YenYi-Yu Huang
口試日期:2012-06-09
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:景觀學系
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:景觀設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:63
中文關鍵詞:雲林綠色基礎建設社區營造生境面積因子
外文關鍵詞:YunlinGreen infrastructureCommunity empowermentBiotope Area Factor
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「綠色」是近年來全球的共識,綠色基礎建設指的是設施綠色化的生態友善環境,同時,它也能反應該地區受綠色教育的結果,「社區營造」是人們受教育後改善環境的過程,「生境面積因子」適用於評估該環境的有效生物棲地,是環境綠化的指標。
研究基地選在雲林,雲林為農業大鎮,政府施行一系列鄉村風貌改造運動,社區營造的手法能運用民間力量改善、維護環境,本研究欲知社區營造的過程中什麼因子產生不同環境綠化結果。
本研究以問卷調查法及深度訪談法進行資料收集,以集群分析為分析工具,並選取參與「100年度社區規劃師操作型輔導計畫」的社區成員做為研究標的,共計獲得有效問卷467份,研究架構包含行為理論中之「知識」、「態度」、「行為」合計共三個構面。
結果顯示社區的綠化程度以晉級社區(第二階段社區)表現優於一般參賽社區(第一階段社區),其中大部分的晉級的社區屬於「綠色基礎建設執行力與經濟考量實務型」社區;晉級社區當中又以「綠色基礎建設執行力與經濟考量實務型」社區的綠化提昇比率最高;透過訪談歸納其原因,首先該類型社區較多選擇灰色基礎的閒置空間進行改善,其次是創意構想帶動解決問題的參與意願間接影響執行力。
另外本研究提出鄉村環境條件之「生境面積因子」,作為涵蓋非都市地區之有效生物棲地指標。
Green, the global consensus in recent years, calls for building up amicable ecological environments in communities. Meanwhile, green infrastructure, in turn reflects the result of green education. Being educated to concern the call for green, people try to improve the environment and bring about the process of community empowerment. Here, a green index, Biotope Area Factor (BAF), is applicable to assess the effective biological habitat in certain environment.
Since the government has implemented a series of rural landscape improvement projects in rural areas, Yunlin County, a major agricultural center in Taiwan, is chosen to be the research base of this study. Moreover, the civil force is exerted to improve and maintain the environment by community empowerment. In this study, every factor and its contribution to the green environment in the community empowerment process is exactly what I want to figure out.
Questionnaires and in-depth interviews were applied to collect data, whilst cluster analysis to sort out information. Community members who participated the 2011 Counseling Program for Community Planners were in the invitation list. Finally, 467 valid responses returned. In this study, three aspects of the behavioral theory were introduced into the research framework - knowledge, attitude and practice respectively.
Communities are classified into level one and level two. Level one is referred to the averagely participating communities, level two the advanced communities. The result shows that, in terms of green level, level two communities are better than level ones. A majority of level two communities are also qualified as communities with green infrastructure execution and practical economic consideration (GIEPE). These qualified advanced communities boast the highest rate of improving the green environment. By interviews, I find that there are two reasons for GIEPE communities to achieve the high green level. First, such communities preferred to transform gray lost space into green. Second, ideas with creative solutions encouraged the inhabitants to participate and indirectly contributed to the execution.
Furthermore, BAF under rural environment is introduced as the effective biological habitat index covering non-urban areas in this study.
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機與目的
第二節 研究範圍
第二章 文獻回顧
第一節 綠色基礎建設
第二節 鄉村
第三節 社區營造
第四節 小結
第三章 研究方法
第一節 實證基地
第二節 研究架構與測量方法
第三節 問卷設計
第三節 資料分析方法
第四章 分析探討
第一節 第一階段參賽社區觀察紀錄
第二節 受訪者基本屬性描述
第三節 因素分析與信度分析
第四節 集群分析
第五節 區別分析
第六節 卡方分析
第七節 深度訪談法
第五章 結論與建議
參考文獻

附錄一:綠色基礎建設知識、態度、執行力問卷
附錄二:KAP問卷設計參考-國小老師對科學教育知覺問卷
附錄三:第一階段參與社區基地觀察記錄
附錄四:第一階段及第二階段社區BAF值
附錄五:社區訪談逐字稿
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