跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.236.84.188) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/08/03 07:58
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:莊硯勛
研究生(外文):Chuang, Yenhsun
論文名稱:台灣中部高科技產業排放至大氣中之懸浮微粒及重金屬特性分析
論文名稱(外文):Characterization of Particles and Heavy Metals in the Ambient of High-Tech Industrial Park in Central Taiwan
指導教授:張鎮南張鎮南引用關係陳鶴文陳鶴文引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chang, ChengnanChen, Howen
口試委員:張乃斌江鴻龍林宏嶽
口試委員(外文):Chang, NibinChiang, HunglungLin, Hungyueh
口試日期:2012-06-25
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東海大學
系所名稱:環境科學與工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:55
外文關鍵詞:PM10-2.5High-Tech Industrial ParkPM2.5environmental characteristic analysis
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:794
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:63
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
The investigation of particulate matters (PM10-2.5 and PM2.5) was carried out through this research during period sampling data from 2008 to 2011 (including winter and summer seasons). The concentration of heavy metals (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb) were analyzed by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Moreover, the principle component analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis were used to investigate the pollutant source and profiling the spatial of PM10-2.5 and PM2.5.
The results show that the concentration of As was collected with an air flow in diffusion (wind speed > 2 m/s) and relative humidity between 50% to 70% in PM10-2.5. In addition, the concentration of As was collected when air flow in diffusion and relative humidity between 50% to 80% in PM2.5. It is interesting to noted that the probability of the high concentration of As being 13% over the standard of EU. The concentration of As in PM2.5 trends to be increased in recent year.
Abstract----------------------------------------------------------------------- V
Chapter 1. Introduction----------------------------------------------------- 01
Chapter 2. Materials and Methods ---------------------------------------- 10
2.1 Study area and Sampling site--------------------------------------- 11
2.2 Sampling and Chemical analysis----------------------------------- 15
2.3 Principle Component Analysis (PCA)----------------------------- 16
2.4 Hierarchical Cluster Analysis (HCA)------------------------------ 18
Chapter 3. Results and Discussions--------------------------------------- 20
3.1 Environmental conditions------------------------------------------- 20
3.2 Environmental characteristic analysis----------------------------- 22
3.2.1 PM10-2.5------------------------------------------------------------ 23
3.2.2 PM2.5--------------------------------------------------------------- 24
3.3 Profiling the spatial variance of PM10-2.5 and PM2.5-------------- 25
3.3.1 PM10-2.5------------------------------------------------------------ 27
3.3.2 PM2.5--------------------------------------------------------------- 28
3.4 Identify As from stationary pollutant source with climate factors -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 32
3.4.1 PM10-2.5------------------------------------------------------------ 32
3.4.2 PM2.5-------------------------------------------------------------- 33
3.5 Cumulative probability of As--------------------------------------- 34
3.6 The trend of As in PM2.5/PM10 during 2008 to 2011------------- 36
Chapter 4. Conclusions and Suggestions -------------------------------- 39
4.1 Conclusions----------------------------------------------------------- 39
4.2 Suggestions----------------------------------------------------------- 40
Reference--------------------------------------------------------------------- 41
Catalog of Table
Table 1-1. Trace element concentration in the kidney, liver, lung and muscle of Formosan squirrels captured in Taiwan ------- 02
Table 1-2. The pollutant ingredient and possible emissions of CTSP 07
Table 3-1. The heavy metal concentrations in PM10-2.5 from other literatures (unit: ng/m3) --------------------------------------- 21
Table 3-2. The heavy metal concentrations in PM2.5 from other literatures (unit: ng/m3) --------------------------------------------------- 21
Table 3-3. The environmental condition of PM10-2.5 and PM2.5 ------- 22
Table 3-4. Possible heavy metal emission sources in CTSP ---------- 23
Table 3-5. Factor analysis of PM10-2.5 ------------------------------------ 24
Table 3-6. Factor analysis of PM2.5 --------------------------------------- 25
Table 3-7. Compare the PM2.5/PM10 with other countries ------------ 37
Catalog of Figure
Figure 1-1. The sources of air pollution about integrated circuit process
-------------------------------------------------------------------- 05
Figure 1-2. Compositions of photoelectron industry ------------------- 06
Figure 2-1. Flow chart of this study--------------------------------------- 10
Figure 2-2. (a) Stationary industrial area in Taichung city; (b) The map of high-tech industrial area and sampling site in ------------- 12
Figure 2-3. The history of CTSP in each year-------------------------- 13
Figure 2-3. The history of CTSP in each year (continued)----------- 14
Figure 3-1. The dengrogram of stationary pollutant source of PM10-2.5 during 2008 to 2011 ------------------------------------------ 26
Figure 3-2. The radar chart of heavy metal with climate factors of PM10-2.5 during the sampling period 2008~2011 nearby CTSP ---- 28
Figure 3-3. The dengrogram of stationary pollutant source of PM2.5 during 2008 to 2011------------------------------------------- 30
Figure 3-4. The trend of stationary pollutant species during 2008 to 2011-------------------------------------------------------------- 31
Figure 3-5. The radar chart of heavy metal with climate factors of PM2.5 during the sampling period 2008~2011 nearby CTSP ---- 31
Figure 3-6. The relationship of As in PM10-2.5, wind speed and relative humidity -------------------------------------------------------- 33
Figure 3-7. The relationship of As in PM2.5, wind speed and relative humidity -------------------------------------------------------- 34
Figure 3-8. The cumulative probability of As in PM10-2.5 and PM2.5 36
Figure 3-9. The trend of As in PM2.5/PM10 during the sampling period between 2008 and 2011--------------------------------------- 38

Aldabe, J., Elustondo, D., Santamaria, C., Lasheras, E., Pandolfi, M., Alastuey, A., Querol, X., and Santamaria, J. M. (2011). "Chemical characterisation and source apportionment of PM2.5 and PM10 at rural, urban and traffic sites in Navarra (North of Spain)." Atmospheric Research. Vol. 102, No. 1-2, pp. 191-205.
Allen, A. G., Nemitz, E., Shi, J. P., Harrison, R. M., and Greenwood, J. C. (2001). "Size distributions of trace metals in atmospheric aerosols in the United Kingdom." Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 35, No. 27, pp. 4581-4591.
Astel, A., Tsakouski, S., Barbieri, P., and Simeonov, V. (2007). "Comparison of self-organizing maps classification approach with cluster and principal components analysis for large environmental data sets." Water Research. Vol. 41, No. 19, pp. 4566-4578.
Chao, C. Y. and Wong, K. K. (2002). "Residential indoor PM10 and PM2.5 in Hong kong and the elemental composition." Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 265-277.
Chein, H. M., Chen, T. M., Aggarwal, S. G., Tsai, C. J., and Huang, C. C. (2004). "Inorganic acid emission factors of semiconductor manufacturing processes." Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association. Vol. 54, No. 2, pp. 218-228.
Chein, H. M., Hsu, Y. D., Aggarwal, S. G., Chen, T. M., and Huang, C. C. (2006). "Evaluation of arsenical emission from semiconductor and opto-electronics facilities in Hsinchu, Taiwan." Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 40, No. 10, pp. 1901-1907.
Chelani, A. B., Gajghate, D. G., and Devotta, S. (2008). "Source apportionment of PM10 in Mumbai, India using CMB model." Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. Vol. 81, No. 2, pp. 190-195.
Chelani, A. B., Gajghate, D. G., ChalapatiRao, C. V., and Devotta, S. (2010). "Particle Size Distribution in Ambient Air of Delhi and Its Statistical Analysis." Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. Vol. 85, No. 1, pp. 22-27.
Chen, H. W., Tsai, C. T., She, C. W., Lin, Y. C., and Chiang, C. F. (2010). "Exploring the background features of acidic and basic air pollutants around an industrial complex using data mining approach." Chemosphere. Vol. 81, No. 10, pp. 1358-1367.
Chen, K. P., Jiao, J. J., Huang, J. M., and Huang, R. Q. (2007). "Multivariate statistical evaluation of trace elements in groundwater in a coastal area in Shenzhen, China." Environmental Pollution. Vol. 147, No. 3, pp. 771-780.
Cheng, Y., Ho, K. F., Lee, S.C., Law, S.W. (2006). “Seasonal and diurnal variations of PM1.0, PM2.5 and PM10 in the roadside environment of Hong Kong.” China Particuology. Vol. 4, No. 6, pp. 312-315.
Davis, J. C., (1986). Statistics and data analysis in Geology, seconded., 563-565
de la Campa, A. M. S., de la Rosa, J. D., Gonzalez-Castanedo, Y., Fernandez-Camacho, R., Alastuey, A., Querol, X., and Pio, C. (2010). "High concentrations of heavy metals in PM from ceramic factories of Southern Spain." Atmospheric Research. Vol. 96, No. 4, pp. 633-644.
de Miranda, R. M., Andrade, M. D., Worobiec, A., and Van Grieken, R. (2002). "Characterisation of aerosol particles in the Sao Paulo Metropolitan Area." Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 345-352.
Espinosa, A. J. F., Rodriguez, M. T., de la Rosa, F. J. B., and Sanchez, J. C. J. (2001). "Size distribution of metals in urban aerosols in Seville (Spain)." Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 35, No. 14, pp. 2595-2601.
Fang, G. C., Chang, C. N., Chu, C. C., Wu, Y. S., Fu, P. P. C., Yang, I. L., and Chen, M. H. (2003). "Characterization of particulate, metallic elements of TSP, PM2.5 and PM2.5-10 aerosols at a farm sampling site in Taiwan, Taichung." Science of the Total Environment. Vol. 308, No. 1-3, pp. 157-166.
Fang, G. C., Wu, Y. S., Lee, J. F., and Chang, C. C. (2008). "Characteristics and source identification study of ambient suspended particulates and ionic pollutants in an area abutting a highway." Powder Technology. Vol. 185, No. 3, pp. 223-230.
Funasaka, K., Sakai, M., Shinya, M., Miyazaki, T., Kamiura, T., Kaneco, S., Ohta, K., and Fujita, T. (2003). "Size distributions and characteristics of atmospheric inorganic particles by regional comparative study in Urban Osaka, Japan." Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 37, No. 33, pp. 4597-4605.
Gidhagen, L., Kahelin, H., Schmidt-Thome, P., and Johansson, C. (2002). "Anthropogenic and natural levels of arsenic in PM10 in Central and Northern Chile." Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 36, No. 23, pp. 3803-3817.
Han, Y. M., Du, P. X., Cao, J. J., and Posmentier, E. S. (2006). "Multivariate analysis of heavy metal contamination in urban dusts of Xi'an, Central China." Science of the Total Environment. Vol. 355, No. 1-3, pp. 176-186.
Hieu, N. T. and Lee, B. K. (2010). "Characteristics of particulate matter and metals in the ambient air from a residential area in the largest industrial city in Korea." Atmospheric Research. Vol. 98, No.2-4, pp. 526-537.
Hueglin, C., Gehrig, R., Baltensperger, U., Gysel, M., Monn, C., and Vonmont, H. (2005). "Chemical characterisation of PM2.5, PM10 and coarse particles at urban, near-city and rural sites in Switzerland." Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 39, No. 4, pp. 637-651.
Jolliffe, I.T., (2002). Principal Component Analysis. Springer Series in Statistics.
Karar, K. and Gupta, A. K. (2007). "Source apportionment of PM10 at residential and industrial sites of an urban region of Kolkata, India." Atmospheric Research. Vol. 84, No. 1, pp. 30-41.
Kim, K. H., Mishra, V. K., Kang, C. H., Choi, K. C., Kim, Y. J., and Kim, D. S. (2006). "The ionic compositions of fine and coarse particle fractions in the two urban areas of Korea." Journal of Environmental Management. Vol. 78, No. 2, pp. 170-182.
Kim, K. Y., Kim, Y. S., Roh, Y. M., Lee, C. M., and Kim, C. N. (2008). "Spatial distribution of particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5) in Seoul Metropolitan Subway stations." Journal of Hazardous Materials. Vol. 154, No. 1-3, pp. 440-443.
Kulshrestha, A., Satsangi, P.G., Masih, J., and Taneja, A., (2009). “Metal concentration of PM2.5 and PM10 particles and seasonal variations in urban and rural environment of Agra, India.” Science of Total Environment. Vol.407, No.24 pp. 6196-6204.
Lai, S. C., Zou, S. C., Cao, J. J., Lee, S. C., and Ho, K. F. (2007). "Characterizing ionic species in PM2.5 and PM10 in four Pearl River Delta cities, South China." Journal of Environmental Sciences-China. Vol. 19, No. 8, pp. 939-947.
Lautre, I. G. and Fernandez, E. A. (2004). "A methodology for measuring latent variables based on multiple factor analysis." Computational Statistics & Data Analysis. Vol. 45, No. 3, pp. 505-517.
Lima, D. C., dos Santos, A. M. P., Araujo, R. G. O., Scarminio, I. S., Bruns, R. E., and Ferreira, S. L. C. (2010). "Principal component analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis for homogeneity evaluation during the preparation of a wheat flour laboratory reference material for inorganic analysis." Microchemical Journal. Vol. 95, No. 2, pp. 222-226.
Lü, S., Zhang, R., Yao, Z., Yi, F., Ren, J., Wu, M., Feng, M., Wang Q. (2012). “Size distribution of chemical elements and their source apportionment in ambient coarse, fine, and ultrafine particles in Shanghai urban summer atmosphere.” Journal of Environmental Science., Vol. 24, No. 5, pp. 882-890.
Lucas, L. and Jauzein, M. (2008). "Use of principal component analysis to profile temporal and spatial variations of chlorinated solvent concentration in groundwater." Environmental Pollution. Vol. 151, No. 1, pp. 205-212.
Macciotta, N. P. P., Vicario, D., and Cappio-Borlino, A. (2006). "Use of multivariate analysis to extract latent variables related to level of production and lactation persistency in dairy cattle." Journal of Dairy Science. Vol. 89, No. 8, pp. 3188-3194.
Mamane, Y., Perrino, C., Yossef, O., and Catrambone, M. (2008). "Source characterization of fine and coarse particles at the East Mediterranean coast." Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 42, No. 24, pp. 6114-6130.
Manoli, E., Voutsa, D., and Samara, C. (2002). "Chemical characterization and source identification/apportionment of fine and coarse air particles in Thessaloniki, Greece." Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 36, No. 6, pp. 949-961.
Marcazzan, G. M., Vaccaro, S., Valli, G., and Vecchi, R. (2001). "Characterisation of PM10 and PM2.5 particulate matter in the ambient air of Milan (Italy)." Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 35, No. 27, pp. 4639-4650.
Mico, C., Recatala, L., Peris, A., and Sanchez, J. (2006). "Assessing heavy metal sources in agricultural soils of an European Mediterranean area by multivariate analysis." Chemosphere. Vol. 65, No. 5, pp. 863-872.
Moreno, T., Querol, X., Alastuey, A., Viana, M., Salvador, P., de la Campa, A. S., Artinano, B., de la Rosa, J., and Gibbons, W. (2006). "Variations in atmospheric PM trace metal content in Spanish towns: Illustrating the chemical complexity of the inorganic urban aerosol cocktail." Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 40, No. 35, pp. 6791-6803.
Pant, P., and Harrison, R. M., (2010). “Critical review of receptor modelling for particulate matter: A case study of India.” Atmospheric Environment. Vol.49, pp. 1-12.
Perez, N., Pey, J., Querol, X., Alastuey, A., Lopez, J. M., and Viana, M. (2008). "Partitioning of major and trace components in PM10-PM2.5-PM1 at an urban site in Southern Europe." Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 42, No. 8, pp. 1677-1691.
Politis, M., Pilinis, C., and Lekkas T.D., (2008). “Ultrafine particles (UFP) and health effects. Dangerous. Like no other PM? Review and analysis.” Global NEST Journal, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp 439-452.
Sanchez, H. U. R., Garcia, M. D. A., Bejaran, R., Guadalupe, M. E. G., Vazquez, A. W., Toledano, A. C. P., and Villasenor, O. D. (2009). "The spatial-temporal distribution of the atmospheric polluting agents during the period 2000-2005 in the Urban Area of Guadalajara, Jalisco, Mexico." Journal of Hazardous Materials. Vol. 165, No. 1-3, pp. 1128-1141.
Sharma, M. and Maloo, S. (2005). "Assessment of ambient air PM10 and PM2.5 and characterization of PM10 in the city of Kanpur, India." Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 39, No. 33, pp. 6015-6026.
Srivastava, A., Gupta, S., and Jain, V. K. (2008). "Source apportionment of total suspended particulate matter in coarse and fine size ranges over Delhi." Aerosol and Air Quality Research. Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 188-200.
Stortini, A.M., Freda, A., Cesari, D., Cairns, W.R.L., Contini, D., Barbante, C.. Prodi, F., Cescon, P., Gambaro A. (2009). “An evaluation of the PM2.5 trace elemental composition in the Venice Lagoon area and an analysis of the possible sources.” Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 43. No. 40. pp. 6296-6304
Sun, Y. B., Zhou, Q. X., Xie, X. K., and Liu, R. (2010). "Spatial, sources and risk assessment of heavy metal contamination of urban soils in typical regions of Shenyang, China." Journal of Hazardous Materials. Vol. 174, No. 1-3, pp. 455-462.
Suzuki, Y., Watanabe, I., Oshida, T., Chen, Y. J., Lin, L. K., Wang, Y. H., Yang, K. C., and Kuno, K. (2007). "Accumulation of trace elements used in semiconductor industry in Formosan squirrel, as a bio-indicator of their exposure, living in Taiwan." Chemosphere. Vol. 68, No. 7, pp. 1270-1279.
Vecchi, R., Marcazzan, G., Valli, G., Ceriani, M., and Antoniazzi, C., (2004). “The role of atmospheric dispersion in the seasonal variation of PM1 and PM2.5 concentration and composition in the urban area of Milan (Italy).” Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 38, No. 27, pp. 4437–4446.
Wang, C. F., Yang, J. Y., and Ke, C. H. (1996). "Multi-element analysis of airborne particulate matter by various spectrometric methods after microwave digestion." Analytica Chimica Acta. Vol. 320, No.2-3, pp. 207-216.
Wenning, R. J. and Erickson, G. A. (1994). "Interpretation and Analysis of Complex Environmental Data Using Chemometric Methods." Trac-Trends in Analytical Chemistry. Vol. 13, No. 10, pp. 446-457.
WHO EHC 224 (2001). “Arsenic and arsenic compounds”
Wu, C. F., Larson, T. V., Wu, S. Y., Williamson, J., Westberg, H. H., and Liu, L. J. S. (2007). "Source apportionment of PM2.5 and selected hazardous air pollutants in Seattle." Science of the Total Environment. Vol. 386, No. 1-3, pp. 42-52.
Yang, H. H., Lai, S. O., Hsieh, L. T., Hsueh, H. J., and Chi, T. W. (2002). "Profiles of PAH emission from steel and iron industries." Chemosphere. Vol. 48, No. 10, pp. 1061-1074.
Yin, J. X. and Harrison, R. M. (2008). "Pragmatic mass closure study for PM1.0, PM2.5 and PM10 at roadside, urban background and rural sites." Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 42, No. 5, pp. 980-988.
Yu, T. Y. (2010). "Characterization of ambient PM2.5 concentrations." Atmospheric Environment. Vol. 44, No. 24, pp. 2902-2912.
Zhou, F., Guo, H. C., Liu, Y., and Hao, Z. J. (2007). "Identification and spatial patterns of coastal water pollution sources based on GIS and chemometric approach." Journal of Environmental Sciences-China. Vol. 19, No. 7, pp. 805-810.

連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top