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研究生:高志昇
研究生(外文):Chih-Sheng Kao
論文名稱:整合式可重構製造系統模擬器之設計
論文名稱(外文):Design of Integrated Reconfigurable Manufacturing System Simulator
指導教授:陳凱瀛陳凱瀛引用關係蔡佩芳蔡佩芳引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kai-Ying ChenPei-Fang Tsai
口試委員:陳穆臻
口試委員(外文):Mu-Chen Chen
口試日期:2012-06-05
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:工業工程與管理系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:107
中文關鍵詞:可重構製造系統彈性製造系統模擬器派工法則
外文關鍵詞:Reconfigurable manufacturing systemFlexible manufacturing systemSimulatorDispatching rule
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在21世紀全球競爭的環境下,製造業面臨著無法精確預測迅速改變的市場需求。為了確保競爭力,可重構製造系統(Reconfigurable Manufacturing System, RMS)在系統設計之初須將模組性(Modularity)、可轉換性(Convertibility)、可整合性(Integrability)、可擴充性(Scalability)、客製化(Customization)和可診斷性(Diagnosibility)嵌入於系統的配置中,當遇到市場需求變動時能夠迅速重構系統配置回應市場需求,為一種新型態的製造系統。本研究在模擬器設計時引入模組化(Modular)之設計概念,建構各種機台(Machine)或設備(Equipment)模組,如電腦數值控制(Computer Numerical Control, CNC)加工機與軌道式搬運車(Rail Guided Vehicle, RGV)等模組,用以模擬其運作模式。因此,未來若有新型態的機台運作模式,方能依模組的形式增添至系統中,使模擬器達到一定程度之可重構性。
為了驗證整合式可重構製造系統具有跨越線(Crossover lines)的系統配置與傳統不具有跨越線的平行式系統配置之間的差異,本研究將以相同的生產資源配置設計另一種平行線製造系統(Parallel Lines Manufacturing System, PLMS)之模擬器,透過模擬的方式比較兩種系統配置對於機台可靠度(Reliability)下降與不同派工法則(Dispatching rule)之績效差異。最後,再針對整合式可重構製造系統,探討其混料比、托板數量與機台數量的調整對於生產績效之影響,提出本研究之論點供未來系統配置考量,以期未來能夠降低重構系統配置之時間與成本。


In the 21st century global competitive environment, the manufacturing industry is facing the rapidly changing market demands which are impossible to be precisely predicted. In order to ensure competitiveness, Reconfigurable Manufacturing System (RMS) needs to embed Modularity, Convertibility, Integrability, Scalability, Customization and Diagnosibility characteristics in the system configuration in the beginning of the system design. When facing changes in market demand, we can quickly reconstruct the system configuration to respond the market demand as a new kind of manufacturing system. In this study, the concept of modular is introduced in the simulator design, to construct a variety of machine or equipment modules, such as CNC, RGV and other modules to simulate the mode of operation. Therefore, if there is a new type of machine mode of operation, we can add it to the system in the form of module, and the simulator will be able to achieve a certain degree of reconfigurability.
In order to verify the differences between IRMS with the Crossover Lines and the one without the Crossover Lines structure which is parallel system configuration, this study case will use the same productive resources configuration to design another simulator of Parallel Lines Manufacturing System (PLMS). Through the simulating method we can compare the performance differences of the two system configurations in terms of their machine reliability declines and different dispatching rules. Finally, focusing on IRMS, we discuss the effects of the productive performance with the adjustment of the mixing ratio, pallet and machine quantities. The arguments of this study can be considered for future system configuration, we expect to reduce time and costs in the reconstruction.


摘 要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌 謝 iii
目 錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究架構與流程 3
第二章 文獻探討 5
2.1 可重構製造系統介紹 5
2.1.1 製造系統發展演進 5
2.1.2 可重構製造系統 6
2.1.3 可重構核心特性 7
2.1.4 可重構製造系統的組成 9
2.1.5 可重構製造系統之配置 11
2.1.6 可重構製造系統之階層架構 15
2.1.7 各類製造系統之比較 19
2.2 模擬簡介 22
2.2.1 模擬型態 23
2.2.2 模擬步驟 24
2.2.3 事件推進方法 25
2.2.4 常用之派工法則 27
第三章 系統模式建構 28
3.1 IRMS可重構性之設計 28
3.2 各設備模組運作模式之建構 30
3.2.1 型三CNC加工機運作模式 30
3.2.2 軌道搬運車運作模式 32
3.2.3 機台設備維修保養運作模式 34
3.3 IRMS之建構 36
3.3.1 IRMS系統架構 36
3.3.2 RGV之派工法則 37
3.4 PLMS之建構 51
3.4.1 PLMS系統架構 51
3.4.2 RGV之派工法則 52
第四章 模擬系統設計 57
4.1 資料庫結構設計 57
4.2 各模組之設計 61
4.2.1 Control模組(Control.bas) 62
4.2.2 CNC模組 (CNC.bas) 67
4.2.3 軌道搬運車模組 (RGV.bas) 69
4.2.4 派工模組 (Dispatch.bas) 72
4.2.5 Performance模組 (Performance.bas) 74
4.3 系統介面說明 76
4.4 系統驗證 82
第五章 系統案例模擬實驗 86
5.1 實驗環境描述 86
5.2 實驗參數 86
5.3 各案例之實驗假設 88
5.3.1 IRMS之實驗假設 88
5.3.2 PLMS之實驗假設 89
5.4 派工法則選用評估 90
5.4.1 IRMS模擬實驗結果分析 90
5.4.2 PLMS派工模擬結果分析 91
5.5 比較IRMS與PLMS之差異 92
5.5.1 單一產品生產 93
5.5.2 多樣產品生產 95
5.6 調整IRMS生產資源之影響 97
第六章 結論與建議 102
6.1 研究結論 102
6.2 未來研究建議 103
參考文獻 104


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