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研究生:黃紫瀅
研究生(外文):Tzu-Ying Huang
論文名稱:終結接班危機-台灣上市家族企業接班傳承之研究
論文名稱(外文):The End of The Family Business Succession Crisis-The Case Study of Two TSEC Listed Companies
指導教授:邱垂昱邱垂昱引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chui-Yu Chiu
口試委員:盧大平呂執中
口試委員(外文):Ta-Ping LuJr-Jung Lyu
口試日期:2012-06-08
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:管理學院工業工程與管理EMBA專班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:139
中文關鍵詞:家族企業接班人計劃領導人特質接班傳承
外文關鍵詞:Family BusinessSuccession PlanningLeader of characteristicSuccession Heritage
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:13
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家族企業是世界上普遍又常見的企業形式。據《Forbes,2009》報導,家族企業佔全球企業總數80%,在英國家族企業有75%,在印度、拉丁美洲、中東地區有超過95%的企業是由家族擁有,這樣的經濟組織數量龐大,實力堅強。
本研究的動機來自綜觀全球,家族企業的傳承是一個難題,美林證券做過一項研究統計,東亞地區的家族企業只有15%能夠成功交棒第二代,但能繼續順利傳承到第三代,只剩下2%。美國家族企業中,高達三分之二比例的企業最終走上倒閉的命運。在英國企業傳承的失敗被列為企業停止營業的主要原因,諸多實例證明家族企業接班傳承不易。
本研究採質化研究個案分析法,研究核心在探討兩家上市家族企業接班傳承佈局,並依接班前後經營績效指標佐證交棒後是否順利。結論分析兩個案之接班關鍵因素,提出對家族企業接班傳承實務建議。建議有:一、儘早建立接班計畫,佈局接班傳承;二、循序漸進安排接班人進行完整的培育計畫與扶持指導;三、引進專業經理人制度;四、推動公司治理;五、落實獨立董事角色。


Family Business is one of the most common forms of business in the world. According to Forbes report in 2009, 80% of all enterprises are family businesses. In the UK, family businesses account for 75% of the enterprises; while in Latin America and Middle East, the percentage goes up to more than 95%. In general, family businesses are financially strong and large in scale.
The main motivation of this study is to provide some suggestions to deal with the succession problems of family businesses from a global perspective. A research from Merrill Lynch shows that 15% of family businesses in East Asia have successfully passed their business to the second generation; however, only 2% of are smoothly passed to the third generation. Research also indicates that up to two thirds of the family businesses in the US failed to survive. In addition, the failure of UK businesses heritage as a main reason for companies to stop business, many examples have proved that the difficulty of family businesses succession.
This study takes a qualitative approach to conduct a case study, to analyze the ownership transition process and explore whether the succession is successful by key performance factors before and after the transition in two publicly listed family businesses. Based on the results of the analysis, the author provides five key suggestions for managing transition of family businesses. First, plan succession early. Second, make arrangements for the successor to complete the sufficient cultivation and training. Third, hire a professional management team. Forth, promote corporate governance. Fifth, ensure there are strong independent directors.


摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌謝 iv
目錄 vi
表目錄 viii
圖目錄 x
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究背景與動機 1
1.2研究問題與目的 3
1.3研究流程 5
1.4論文架構 6
1.5研究對象與限制 6
1.5.1研究對象 6
1.5.2研究限制 6
第二章 文獻探討 8
2.1家族企業相關文獻 8
2.1.1家族企業之定義 8
2.1.2家族企業接班傳承相關文獻 17
2.1.3家族企業創辦人接班 20
2.2接班人計畫之相關文獻 21
2.2.1接班人計畫之定義 21
2.2.2接班人計畫之步驟 23
2.2.3 接班人培訓計畫 28
2.3 領導人特質之相關研究 31
2.3.1 領導的定義 31
2.3.2 領導人特質 34
第三章 研究方法 40
3.1質化研究 40
3.1.1個案研究法 41
3.1.2內容分析法: 45
3.2個案分析研究方法介紹: 47
3.3 研究架構 54
第四章 個案研究與分析 55
4.1個案Ⅰ台塑關係企業接班傳承 55
4.1.1台塑關係企業簡介 55
4.1.2 創辦人與接班者簡介 62
4.1.3台塑集團接班傳承歷程 65
4.1.4接班前後之經營績效指標分析 70
4.1.5台塑集團個案小結 89
4.2個案Ⅱ台灣水泥接班傳承 91
4.2.1台泥公司簡介 91
4.2.2創立者與接班者簡介 96
4.2.3台泥接班傳承歷程 98
4.2.4台泥接班後的經營績效 103
4.2.5個案小結 122
4.3個案總結 124
第五章 結論與建議 128
5.1結論 128
5.2建議 129
參考文獻 131


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Website:
1.美國Family Business Magazine, The Family Business Library,
http://www.familybusinessmagazine.com/index.php?/articles,
瀏覽日期2011/11/14.
2.中華徵信, 2011年版大型集團台塑集團,
https://www.credit.com.tw/newweb/DB/PayUser/index.htm,
瀏覽日期:2012/01/03.
3.中華徵信, 2011年版大型集團台泥集團,
https://www.credit.com.tw/newweb/DB/PayUser/index.htm ,
瀏覽日期:2012/01/03.
4.美商惠悅企管顧問公司, 建構未來的人力資源http://www.towerswatson.com/taiwan/issues/Building-the-HR-Function-of-the-Future ,瀏覽日期:2012/05/20.
5.華夏經緯網, 從王永慶看家族企業“永續經營”的關鍵,
http://big5.huaxia.com/tslj/qycf/2010/05/1903415.html# ,瀏覽日期:2012/05/15
6.公開資訊觀測站, 台灣水泥股份有限公司,
http://mops.twse.com.tw/mops/web/t05st31 ,瀏覽日期:2012/04/18
7.公開資訊觀測站, 台灣塑膠工業股份有限公司,
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