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研究生:蔡元豪
研究生(外文):Yuan-Hao Cai
論文名稱:萃智(TRIZ)演化趨勢專利分類系統建置—氣動打釘機之實證研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of TRIZ Evolutionary Trends for Establishing Patent Classification Platform – A Case Study for Pneumatic Nailer
指導教授:葉繼豪葉繼豪引用關係
口試委員:陳凱瀛吳復強
口試日期:2012-07-11
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:工業工程與管理系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:147
中文關鍵詞:演化趨勢萃智專利分類氣動打釘機
外文關鍵詞:Evolutionary TrendsTRIZ37 Evolutionary ParametersPatent ClassificationPneumatic Nailer
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:4
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
現今這個求新求變的時代,開發者或研發人員若能掌握到未來趨勢,創造出更符合消費者使用的產品或服務,將可為企業帶來巨大的商機與優勢;但研發人員往往缺乏一個系統化的方式來預測趨勢。萃智(TRIZ)演化趨勢是一套藉由分析大量世界專利所歸納出的技術創新理論,不僅能預測技術的發展,而且還能實現預測結果的產品可能型態,有助於完成產品的改良或開發設計,對產品創新具有指引的效用,可協助開發者或研發人員針對產品技術進行改良或新用途的開發。
本研究運用萃智理論學者Darrell Mann所提出的37項演化趨勢理論,定義其演化趨勢參數各階段內涵,並建立中、英文關鍵字詞集,以氣動打釘機中華民國專利與美國專利為研究對象,透過向量空間模型之字詞─文件矩陣與TFIDF權重特徵計算及專利分類機制設計之研究方法論來建置演化趨勢專利分類系統,由系統自動進行氣動打釘機之37項演化趨勢專利分類。本研究將研究結果分成兩個階段——實驗階段與實作階段探討,由實驗階段來驗證演化趨勢專利分類系統的分類績效,演化趨勢分類系統分別分類氣動打釘機中華民國專利100筆與美國專利40筆,其分類結果皆證實演化趨勢專利分類系統有良好的分類水準;而實作階段則為實作近20年間氣動打釘機中華民國專利912筆與美國專利91筆自動分類,並由專利分類結果分別繪製出氣動打釘機中華民國專利演化趨勢雷達圖與氣動打釘機美國專利演化趨勢雷達圖,直接對照演化趨勢極限,發現兩者之參數27簡約設計已達演化極限,而參數9、26、31、34及35皆尚未發展,此供開發者或研發人員創新趨勢發想之參考。

In the newly modern times, if developers or R&D workers can grasp the future trend, it will create conforms to the product or the service which the consumer to be use, might bring the huge opportunity and the superiority for the enterprise. But developers or R&D workers often lack a systematized way to predict the trend. TRIZ evolution trend is a set of technological innovation theory to summarize by analyzing a large number of world patents. Not only predict the development of technology, but also realize predict result products possible state. Help to improvement or development to complete of products. It has the effectiveness of the guidelines on product innovation to provide developers or R&D workers making high-level of improved technology of product or development of new uses.
This research uses TRIZ 37 evolutional trends which presented by Darrell Mann, to define the connotation of each stage of the evolution trend parameters, and to establish the Chinese and English keywords set, researching for pneumatic nailer patents of R.O.C. and U.S.. The study build the TFIDF evolutionary trend of patent classification system by using words - files matrix of the vector space model with TFIDF weights features calculation and design for patent classification mechanism methodology. The finding is divided into two phases: the experimental stage and implementation stage. Experimental stage test and verify the classification performance of the evolutionary trend of patent classification system. It separately classified 100 R.O.C. patents and 40 U.S. patents of pneumatic nailer, and all results are good classification standards; the implementation stage automatic classifies 912 R.O.C. patents and 91 U.S. patents of pneumatic nailer for nearly 20 years. Patent classification results were drawn out of the evolutionary potential radar plot of pneumatic nailer R.O.C. patents and pneumatic nailer U.S. patents. Contrast to the evolutionary trend of the limit, Consists of two plots found the parameters of 27 Trimming has reached the evolution of limit, and parameters 9,26,31,34 and 35 are not yet developed. These recommendations provide the developer or R&D workers to think in innovative trends as a reference.

摘 要 i
ABSTRACT iii
誌謝 v
目 錄 vi
表目錄 viii
圖目錄 ix
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 4
1.3 研究流程 6
1.4 研究範圍與限制 8
第二章 文獻探討 9
2.1 TRIZ萃智探討 9
2.1.1 TRIZ背景與發展 9
2.1.2 TRIZ理論方法與流程 12
2.2 TRIZ演化趨勢 15
2.2.1 技術演化 16
2.2.2 TRIZ演化趨勢 17
2.3 相關演化趨勢文獻探討 27
2.4 文字探勘 29
2.4.1 關鍵字擷取 31
2.4.1.1 關鍵字特性 31
2.4.1.2 關鍵字擷取方法 32
2.4.2 自動文件分類 34
2.5 文獻總結 36
第三章 研究方法 38
3.1 TRIZ演化趨勢參數之內涵 40
3.1.1 演化趨勢參數內涵定義 40
3.1.2 建立關鍵字詞集 56
3.2 氣動打釘機專利資料集 60
3.2.1 專利資料擷取 60
3.2.2 專利資料標記 62
3.3 專利特徵擷取與分類機制 67
3.3.1 特徵擷取方法 67
3.3.2 演化趨勢專利分類機制 70
3.4 績效評估與演化潛力雷達圖 71
3.4.1 實驗階段績效評估 72
3.4.2 實作階段演化潛力雷達圖繪製 73
第四章 系統建置與結果分析 74
4.1 系統建置環境 74
4.1.1 軟硬體架構 74
4.2 系統建置 77
4.2.1 TRIZ 37項演化趨勢關鍵字詞集與氣動打釘機專利資料表建立 79
4.2.2 系統介面與功能 83
4.3 實驗結果分析 84
4.4 實作結果分析 91
第五章 結論與建議 96
5.1 結論與貢獻 96
5.2 未來研究建議 97
參考文獻 99
附錄A 演化趨勢中文關鍵字詞集 105
附錄B 演化趨勢英文關鍵字詞集 133


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