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研究生:林宗翰
研究生(外文):Zhong-Han Lin
論文名稱:聚苯胺/石墨烯複合薄膜之製備與應用於光電元件
論文名稱(外文):Production of Polyaniline/Graphene Composite Film and Application in Opto-electronic Devices
指導教授:段葉芳段葉芳引用關係
口試委員:陳宏亦楊勝俊林岩錫
口試日期:2012-06-15
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:化學工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:86
中文關鍵詞:導電高分子聚苯胺石墨烯官能化石墨烯
外文關鍵詞:Conducting PolymersPolyanilineGrapheneFunctionalized Graphene
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:198
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
導電高分子在1977年被發現以來,便是許多科學家不曾中斷的研究對象,在不同類型的導電聚合物中,聚苯胺因為它獨特的電化學特性和環境的穩定性,能夠供給商業應用的相當大的潛能,因此以聚苯胺為主的複合材料目前正吸引許多關注,原因是聚苯胺只要少量便能使聚合物混和導電且單體價格低廉。
近年十分熱門的奈米碳材是石墨烯,它具有非常良好的各種物理性質,為了使其量產化並達到降低生產成本,不論學術界或業界,都有許多人員紛紛投入石墨烯製備的研究。本研究主要是藉由石墨烯極佳的導電性質與近乎透明的透光度兩項特性,期望維持聚苯胺的光學性質,並提升其導電能力,延伸其應用範疇。
聚苯胺/(官能化)石墨烯複合薄膜製備完成後,經由SEM、FT-IR、UV-Vis、Four-Point-Probe、CV以及白光干涉儀等儀器進行化學性質和物理性質的分析,最後將薄膜應用在染敏電池中的電極,模擬太陽光系統,進行效率測試。
經過儀器分析及效率測試後,證實石墨烯的添加的確增進聚苯胺的導電能力以及電化學表現,且聚苯胺/石墨烯複合薄膜的光電轉換效率最佳條件為0.3%,聚苯胺/官能化石墨烯複合薄膜光電轉換效率最佳條件則為0.5%,兩種薄膜皆能使未加入石墨烯的聚苯胺效率提升。


Since the discovery of conducting polymers in 1977, there’s lots of scientists keep doing the research in it. In different kind of conducting polymers, Polyaniline (PANI) got the special properties of electrochemistry and the stability of environment, which produces a wild potential of business application, so the composite material of main kind of PANI is attracting a lot of concern, and it’s because of there is only a few mass of aniline ,which can make the polymer mixture conduct, with cheep price of PANI.
Graphene is one of the most famous carbon nano-materials these years, it has very good performance of physical properties. To bring it to mass production and lower the cost, there is lots of people get involved with the production research of graphene. This study is going to use the conduting properties with the properties of almost transparent, to maintain the optical properties of PANI, and enhance its conducting ability, extend the field of applications.
After we produced PANI/(Functionalized-)Graphene, the SEM, FT-IR, UV-Vis, Four-Poing-Probe, Cyclic Voltammetry, and White Light Interferometers were used to analyze the chemical properties and physical properties, then, we used these composite films as an electrode of Dye-sensitized solar cells. Finally, I imitate the system of the sun optic to test its efficiency.
After the production of PANI/(Func.-)Graphene Composite Film, we were sure that the addition of graphene could enhance the ability of conducting and performed well in electrochemistry test. And the best condition of opto-electronic conversion efficiency is 0.3%PANI/Graphene and 0.5%PANI/Func.-graphene, both kind of composite film could promote the efficiency much higher than pure PANI.


摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
致謝 IV
目錄 V
表目錄 VIII
圖目錄 IX
第一章 前言 1
1.1 緒論 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 3
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2.1 聚苯胺 4
2.1.1 聚苯胺之結構 4
2.1.2 聚苯胺之合成 8
2.1.3 聚苯胺之應用 14
2.2 石墨烯 15
2.2.1 石墨烯之特性 16
2.2.2 石墨烯之製備 17
2.2.3 石墨烯之應用 19
2.3 染料敏化太陽能電池 21
2.3.1 染敏太陽能電池之構造 21
2.3.2 工作電極 22
2.3.3 有機金屬染料 23
2.3.4 對電極 24
2.3.5 光電轉換性能評價參數 26
2.4 電致變色 27
2.4.1 電致變色簡介 27
2.4.2 電致變色元件應用 28
第三章 實驗設備和方法 30
3.1 實驗藥品 30
3.2 實驗使用儀器 31
3.2 實驗流程 32
3.2.1 純化苯胺流程 32
3.2.2石墨烯官能基化流程 32
3.2.3 反應裝置及步驟 33
3.2.4 電化學聚合流程 34
3.2.5 染料敏化太陽能電池製備 35
3.3 儀器應用介紹 38
3.3.1 掃描式電子顯微鏡(Scanning Electron Microscopy) 38
3.3.2傅立葉轉換紅外光線光譜儀(FT-Infrared Spectrometer) 39
3.3.3 紫外光-可見光光譜儀 40
3.3.4 白光干涉儀(White Light Interferometers) 41
3.3.5 四點探針電阻量測儀(Four Point Probe) 42
3.3.6 電化學儀器(CH Instrument) 42
3.3.7 電池性能測試 44
第四章 結果與討論 45
4.1. 聚苯胺/石墨烯複合薄膜分析 45
4.1.1 掃描式電子顯微鏡分析 45
4.1.2 循環伏安法聚合成膜分析 48
4.1.3 紫外光-可見光光譜分析 50
4.1.4 四點探針電阻量測 53
4.2 官能化石墨烯 55
4.2.1 掃描式電子顯微鏡分析 55
4.2.2 紅外光光譜分析 56
4.2.3 分散度測試 57
4.3 聚苯胺/官能化石墨烯複合薄膜分析 58
4.3.1掃描式電子顯微鏡分析 58
4.3.2 循環伏安法聚合成膜分析 61
4.3.3 紫外光-可見光光譜分析 63
4.3.4 四點探針電阻量測 67
4.4染料敏化太陽能電池性能分析 68
4.4.1聚苯胺/石墨烯複合薄膜作為對電極 68
4.4.2 聚苯胺/官能化石墨烯複合薄膜作為對電極 70
4.4.3 白光干涉分析薄膜表面 73
第五章 結論 77
參考文獻 79

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