跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.237.38.244) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/26 08:33
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:曾晦珊
研究生(外文):Huei-Shan Tseng
論文名稱:以2-乙基己基膦酸單-2-乙基己基酯含浸樹脂吸附銀(I)之平衡研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on the Adsorption Equilibria of Silver(I) by 2-Ethylhexyl Phosphonic Acid Mono-2-Ethylhexyl Ester Extractant-impregnated Resin
指導教授:蔡德華
口試委員:張裕祺方旭偉郭文正
口試日期:2012-01-31
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:化學工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:98
中文關鍵詞:2-乙基己基膦酸單-2-乙基己基酯銀離子Amberlite XAD-4萃取劑含浸樹脂萃取吸附
外文關鍵詞:2-Ethylhexyl Phosphonic Acid Mono-2-Ethylhexyl EsterSilver IonsAmberlite XAD-4Extractant-impregnated resinExtractionAdsorption
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:314
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究在探討利用丁氧基乙醇(Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether, EGMBE)為修飾劑、二氯甲烷為稀釋劑、2-乙基己基膦酸單-2-乙基己基酯(PC-88A)為萃取劑製備成的萃取劑含浸樹脂(Extractant-impregnated resin, EIR),在不同的操作條件下,如改變銀離子初濃度、操作溫度以及EIR使用量,與硝酸銀水溶液吸附平衡後,其金屬離子之吸附情形,並尋求相符的吸附模式。
在此實驗使用大孔性樹脂Amberlite XAD-4爲載體,將未含浸修飾劑及萃取劑的空白樹脂在不同濃度(0.0001M~0.02M)的硝酸銀水溶液中進行吸附測試,結果顯示,空白之Amberlite XAD-4對上述各種不同濃度的硝酸銀水溶液並無明顯吸附銀離子的情形。由此空白實驗可證實樹脂本身僅為載體並不參與反應。
由實驗數據得知,水溶液中銀離子的含量隨著萃取劑PC-88A含量的增加而遞增,亦隨著溶液pH值的增加而遞增,但隨著金屬離子之初濃度增加而減少。

In this study, we used the ethylene glycol monobutyl ether (EGMBE) as the modifier, dichloromethane as the diluent, and PC-88A as the extractant. All of them were rendered into the extractant-impregnated resin (EIR). We examined the effects of various parameters, such as the initial concentration of the silver ions, the operating temperature and the amount of EIR. We investigated the adsorption of silver ions after reaching equilibrium between silver sulfate aqueous solutions and EIR. We also tried to fit the experiments data based on available models.
We used Amberlite XAD-4 as a support in the absence of extractant and modifier, and investigating its silver ions adsorption capability. Data abtained from blank experiments revealed that Amberlite XAD-4 showed no significant adsorption capability on silver ions and acted mainly as a support.
Based on the experimental results, it can be concluded that the distribution ratio of silver ions increased with increasing the amount of PC-88A and pH value of aqueous solutions, but decreased while the initial concentration of silver ions increased.

摘 要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌 謝 iii
目 錄 iv
表目錄 viii
圖目錄 ix
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究動機及目的 2
1.3 銀金屬簡介 3
第二章 文獻回顧 6
2.1 含金屬廢液之概述 6
2.1.1 含金屬廢液之產業 6
2.1.2 銀之有害毒性與水質標準 7
2.2 含銀廢液回收技術 8
2.2.1 化學沈澱法 8
2.2.2 金屬置換法 8
2.2.3 電解回收法 9
2.2.4 離子交換法 9
2.3 離子交換技術簡介 11
2.3.1 離子交換技術之發展 12
2.3.2 離子交換技術之原理 12
2.3.3 離子交換樹脂種類 14
2.3.3.1 陽離子交換樹脂 16
2.3.3.2 陰離子交換樹脂 18
2.3.3.3 螯合樹脂 19
2.3.3.4 多孔型樹脂 20
2.4 萃取技術的簡介 21
2.4.1 分佈係數(Distribution coefficient) 21
2.4.2 分配比(Distribution ratio) 22
2.4.3 萃取百分率(Percentage extraction) 22
2.5 萃取劑的用途及選擇 23
2.5.1 酸性萃取劑(Acidic extractants) 23
2.5.2 螯合萃取劑(Chelating extractants) 24
2.5.3 鹼性萃取劑(Basic extractants) 24
2.5.4 中性萃取劑(Neutral extractants) 25
2.5.5 溶合萃取劑(Solvation extractants) 25
2.5.6 萃取劑的選擇 26
2.6 萃取劑含浸樹脂的簡介 28
2.6.1 Amberlite XAD-4簡介 29
2.6.2 2-乙基己基膦酸單-2-乙基己基酯簡介 31
2.7 稀釋劑與修飾劑的用途及選擇 33
2.7.1 稀釋劑之用途及選擇 33
2.7.2 丁氧基乙醇(Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether, EGMBE) 34
2.8 吸附現象 35
2.8.1 物理吸附 36
2.8.2 化學吸附 36
2.9 等溫吸附方程式 37
2.9.1 Freundlich吸附等溫線(Freundlich isotherm) 37
2.9.2 Langmuir吸附等溫線(Langmuir isotherm) 38
2.9.3 B.E.T吸附等溫線(Brunauer-Emmett-Teller isotherm) 39
第三章 研究設備及方法 41
3.1 實驗藥品及設備 41
3.1.1 實驗藥品 41
3.1.2 實驗設備及器材 42
3.2 實驗方法及步驟 42
3.2.1 樹脂前處理 42
3.2.2 空白實驗 43
3.2.3 含浸樹脂的製備 43
3.2.4 改變EIR中修飾劑之含量 43
3.2.5 含浸樹脂的漏失實驗 44
3.2.6 平衡時間之測定 45
3.2.7 改變金屬離子初濃度之吸附平衡 45
3.2.8 改變溫度對吸附平衡的影響 45
3.2.9 改變EIR用量對吸附平衡的影響 46
第四章 結果與討論 47
4.1 空白實驗 47
4.2 含浸樹脂的製備 48
4.3 最佳修飾劑的用量 48
4.4 漏失實驗 50
4.5 平衡時間實驗 51
4.6 金屬離子吸附平衡實驗 56
4.7 萃取平衡常數 59
4.8 吸附等溫線的計算 67
4.9 改變溫度對吸附平衡的影響 76
4.10 改變EIR用量對吸附平衡的影響 87
第五章 結論 88
符號表 90
參考文獻 92

[1]蔡德華,以溶劑萃取和支撐式液膜分離鈷(II)和鎳(II)之研究,博士論文,國立成功大學化學工程研究所,台南,1991。
[2]H.W. Kauczer, and A. Meyer, “Structure and properties of Levextrel resins”, Hydrometallurgy, no. 3, 1978, pp. 65-73.
[3]Y. Guan, and X.Y. Wu, “The Theory and application of solvent-impregnated resins”, Ion Exchange Adsorption, vol. 6, no. 1, 1990, pp. 60-77.
[4]陳松熏,以萃取劑D2EHPA含浸樹脂萃取銀離子之研究,碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學化學工程研究所,台北,2003。
[5]A. Warshawsky, and A. Patchornik, “Recent developments in metal extraction by solvent impregnated resins”, In: The Theory and Practice of Ion Exchange; Streat, M. (Editor); The Society of Chemical Industry, Chapter 38, London, 1976.
[6]D.S. Flett, “Resin impregnates; the current position”, Chem. Ind., 1977, pp. 641-646.
[7]王盈婷,以二(2-乙基己基)磷酸含浸樹脂吸附釩(IV)之平衡研究,碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學化學工程研究所,台北,2010。
[8]柯清水,新世紀化工化學大辭典,台北:正文書局有限公司,2000。
[9]J.L. Ennis, and E.S. Shanley, “On hazardous silver compounds”, J. Chem. Educ., 1991, 68:A6-A8.
[10]G. Audi, A.H. Wapstra, C. Thibault, J. Blachot and O. Bersillon, “Isotope masses from Ame2003 Atomic Mass Evaluation”, Nuclear Physics, A729, 2003.
[11]行政院勞委會勞工安全衛生研究所,物質安全資料表,2000年製表。
[12]林宜鋒,定影廢液之資源再利用,碩士論文,國立雲林科技大學環境與安全衛生工程系,雲林,2005。
[13]楊婉琳,含銀廢液電解還原之研究,碩士論文,國立成功大學環境工程研究所,台南,2003。
[14]毒性化學物質宣導手冊-認識生活環境中毒性物質,行政院環境保護署,台北,2011。
[15]U. S. EPA, Compendium Chapter IP-9, Determination of Reactive Acidic and Basic Gases and Particulate Matter in Indoor Air, U. S. EPA, Research Park, N. C. 27711, 1989.
[16]水污染防治法-放流水標準,行政院環境保護署,台北,2011修正發佈。
[17]陳鐿夫,含銀廢棄物資源化技術,工研院環安中心廢棄物處理與資源化研究組,台北,2005。
[18]廖南吉,貴金屬之化學及回收法,台南:南台圖書公司,1988。
[19]田中正三郎,應用電化學,賴耿陽譯著,再刷版,台南:復漢出版社,1984。
[20]D.A. Campbell, I.M. Dalrymple, I.G. Sunderland, and D. Tilston, “The electrochemical recovery of metals from effluent and process streams.Resoure”, Conservation and Recycling, no. 10, 1994, pp. 25-33.
[21]周珊珊、廖啟鐘、彭淑惠,重金屬廢液回收處理技術,工業技術研究院,台北,2001。
[22]含定影廢液回收技術評析,資源化產業資訊第01期,經濟部工業局,台北,2003。
[23]離子交換法回收處理金屬工業廢水中有價金屬,金屬工業廢水回收處理技術手冊,經濟部工業局,台北,1995。
[24]黃煌洲,以離子交換樹脂法回收導線架氰系水洗廢水之研究,碩士論文,朝陽科技大學環境工程與管理系,台中,2004。
[25]曾迪華,工業污染防治技術手冊-工業廢水離子交換處理,經濟部工業局、財團法人中國技術社工業污染防治技術服務團,台北,1993。
[26]李奇樺,啤酒廢水二級出流水之回收處理再利用,碩士論文,國立成功大學環境工程學系,台南,2001。
[27]DIAION,離子交換樹脂&合成吸附劑技術用冊I,三菱化學株式會社,日本2001,第9-122頁。
[28]工業污染防治技術服務團,工業廢水離子交換處理,經濟部工業局,台北,1995。
[29]H.C. Kao, P.H. Yan and R.S. Juang, “ Solvent Extraction of La(III) and Nd(III) from Nitrate Media with an Organophosphorus Acid”.The 25th Symposium on Transport Phenomena and Its Applications, paper MT-024, Taipei, Taiwan, 2003.
[30]阮國楝,工業廢水處理技術(I),台北:科技圖書有限公司,1989。
[31]楊軍岳,離子交換樹脂在重金屬廢水處理之應用,重金屬廢水處理技術研討會,工研院化工所,新竹,1989。
[32]R. Wennersten, “The Extraction of Cirtric Acid from Fermentation Broth Using a Solution of a Tertiary Amine”, J. Chem. Technology. Biotechnol. 33B, 1983, pp. 85-94.
[33]Villaescusa. N. Miralles, J. de Pablo. V. Salvado. and A.M. Sasti-e. “Solvent Extr. IonExch II”, 1993.
[34]Purolite, “Chelating Resin Purolite S930 Plus” Technical Data-Product Description, 2009.
[35]周劻煇,以亞胺基二乙酸螯合樹脂吸附銦(III)離子之研究,碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學化學工程研究所,台北,2011。
[36]L.L. Tavlarides, J.H. Bae and C.K. Lee, “Solvent Extraction, Membranes, and Ion Exchange in Hydrometallurgical Dilute Metals Separation”, Sci. Technol., 22(2-3), 1987, pp. 581-617.
[37]蔡德華、洪啟豪、陳兮婷、黃善雯、翁郁婷,A study on the Extraction and Separation of Heavy Metal by Using Ion Exchanger,國立臺北科技大學化學工程系,第二十三屆輸送現象與其應用研討會,2001,第415-418頁。
[38]陸九芬、李總成、包鐵竹,分離過程化學,大陸:北京清華大學出版社,1993。
[39]朱屯,萃取與離子交換,北京:冶金工業出版社,2005。
[40]張詒鈞,以酸性萃取劑萃取鈥(III)及鉺(III)之平衡研究,碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學化學工程研究所,台北,2011。
[41]M.S. Lee, J.Y. Lee, J.S. Kim and G.S. Lee, “Solvent Extraction of Neodymium Ions from Hydrochloric Acid Solution Using PC88A and Saponified PC88A”, Sep. Purif. Technol., no. 46(1-2), 2005, pp. 72-78.
[42]蔡德華,液態離子交換劑之介紹,化工46(4),1999,第23-31頁。
[43]H.E. Crook, R.P. Mcdonnel, and J.T. Manulty, “Removal and recovery of phenols from industrial waste effluents with Amberlite XAD polymeric adsorbent , ind”. Eng. Chem. Prod. Res., no. 14, 1975, pp. 113-118.
[44]R.W. Rousseau,“Handbook of separation Process Technology”, New York: Willy, 1987, pp. 760-774.
[45]D. Kołodyn´ska, Z. Hubicki and M. Geca, “Polyaspartic Acid As a New Complexing Agent in Removal of Heavy Metal Ions on Polystyrene Anion Exchangers”, Ind, Eng, Chem. Res., vol. 47, 2008, pp. 6221-6227.
[46]K. Schugerl, W. Degener. “Recovery of low-molecular-weight compunds from comples aquenous mixtrues by extraction”, Int. Chem. Eng., 32, 1992, pp. 29-40.
[47]L.K. Ju, and A. Verma, “Characteristics of Lactic Acid Transport in Supported Liquid Membranes”, Sep. Sci. and Technol., 29, 1994, pp. 2299-2315.
[48]J.M. Sánchez, M. Hidalgo, M. Valiente, V. Salvadó, “Solvent Extraction and Ion Exchange Process”, 17, 1999, pp. 455-474.
[49]Qiong Jia, Zhonghuai Wang, Dequan Li, and Chunji Niu, “Adsorption Studies of Divalent Metal Ions with Extraction Resin Containing 1-Hexyl-4-ethyloctyl Isopropylphosphonic Acid”, Sep. Sci. and Technol.,vol. 38, no. 9, 2003, pp. 2025-2037.
[50]I. Komasawa, T. Otake, Y. Ogawa, “The effects of diluent in the liquid-liquid extraction of copper and nickel using 2-hydroxy-5-nonylbenzophenone oxime”. J. Chem. Eng. Japan, 16, 1984, pp. 377-383.
[51]R. Basu, K.K. Sirkar, “Citric acid extraction with microporous hollow fibers”, Solvent Extr. Exch, 10, 1962, pp. 119-143.
[52]A. Ramesh, D.J. Lee, J.W.C. Wong, “Adsorption Equilibrium of Heavy Metals and Dyes from Wastewater with Low-Cost Adsorbents” A Review. J. Chin. Inst. Chem. Engrs., 2005, 36(3), pp. 203-222.
[53]Sevgi Kocaoba, “Comparison of Amberlite IR 120 and dolomite’s performances for removal of heavy metals”, Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 147, 2007, pp. 488-496.
[54]R.S. Juang and L.D. Shiau, “Ion Exchange Equilibria of Metal Chelates of Ethylenediaminetetraacetic Acid(EDTA)with Amberlite IRA-68”, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., vol.37, 1998, pp. 555-560.
[55]L.D. Benefield, J.F. Judkins, B.L. Weand, “Process Chemistry for Water and Wastewater Treatment”, Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1982, pp. 202-209.
[56]W.J. Weber, and F.A. Digiano, “Process dynamics in environmental sysrems”, New York : John Wiley&Sons, Inc., 1996.
[57]張裕祺,物理化學,台北:超級科技圖書股份有限公司,1988。
[58]蔡弘昇,鋅(II)和銅(II)經支撐液膜傳送分離之研究,碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學化學工程研究所,台北,2003。
[59]B. Wassink, D. Dreisinger and J. Howard, “Solvent Extraction Separation of Zinc and Cadmium from Nickel and Cobalt Using Aliquat 336, a Strong Base Anion Exchanger, in the Chloride and Thiocyanate Forms”, Hydrometallurgy, 57(3), 2000, pp. 235-252.
[60]A.M. Tarditi, J. Marchese and M.E. Campderrós, “Modelling of Zinc (II) Transport Through a PC-88A Supported Liquid Membrane”, Desalination, 228(1-3), 2008, pp. 226-236.
[61]Danilo Fontana, Loris Pietrlli, “Separation of middle rare earths by solvent extraction using 2-ethylhexylphosphonic acid mono-2-ethylhexyl easter as an extractant”, Journal of rare earths, vol. 27, no. 5, 2009, pp. 826-846.
[62]Gwang Seop Lee, Masahito Uchikoshi, Kouji Miura, Minoru Isshiki, “Distribution coefficients of La, Ce, Pr, Nd, and Sm on Cyanex 923-, D2EHPA-, and PC88A-impregnated resins”, Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 67, 2009, pp. 79-85.
[63]Y. Li, Q. Yue, B. Gao, “Adsorption kinetics and desorption of Cu (II) and Zn (II) from aqueous solution onto humic acid”, Journal of hazardous materials, vol. 178(1-3), 2010, pp. 455-461.
[64]B. Nagaphani Kumar, S. Radhika, B. Ramachandra Reddy, “Solid-liquid extraction of heavy rare-earths from phosphoric acid solutions using Tulsion CH-96 and T-PAR resins”, Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 160, 2010, pp. 138-144.
[65]P.P. Sun, J.Y. Lee, H.K. Park and M.S. Lee, “Recovery of Al(III) and Fe(III) from Mixed Chloride Solutions Containing Platinum(IV)”, Hydrometallurgy, vol. 104(1) , 2010, pp. 39-44.
[66]S. Taha, S. Ricordel, I. Cisse, “Kinetic study and modeling of heavy metals removal by adsorption onto peanut husks incinerated residues”, Energy Procedia, vol. 6, 2011, pp. 144-153.
[67]W.L. Zhu, L.H. Cui, Y. Ouyang, C.F. Long, X.D. Tang, “Kinetic Adsorption of Ammonium Nitrogen by Substrate Materials for Constructed Wetlands”, Pedosphere, 21(4), 2011, pp. 454-463.

連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top