跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(35.173.42.124) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/26 14:08
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:李承澔
研究生(外文):Cheng-haw Li
論文名稱:以微波法製備氧化鎳中空微球之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on the Preparation of Hollow Microspheres of Nickel Oxide by Microwave Method
指導教授:蔡德華
指導教授(外文):The-Hua Tsai
口試委員:張裕祺方旭偉郭文正
口試委員(外文):Yu-Chi ChangHsu-Wei FangWen-Jeng Gao
口試日期:2012-06-29
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:化學工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:101
中文關鍵詞:微波法氧化鎳微球模板法
外文關鍵詞:MicrowaveNiOMicrospheresTemplating method
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:297
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究是以碳球做為模板,製備氧化鎳中空球。金屬氧化物中空球有幾種製備方法,如溶膠-凝膠法、水熱法、模板法、噴霧熱解法等。最常用葡萄糖或蔗糖通過水熱法製備出的碳球做模板製備金屬氧化物中空球,而水熱法製備出的碳球表面會存在─OH和─C=O鍵。
本研究將改善水熱法的缺點,以微波法製備碳球模板。微波法具有下列特性:(1)反應速率較快 (2)溫和的反應條件 (3)較高的化學純度 (4)使用較低的能量。
實驗分為製備碳球模板及合成NiO中空微球二部分。碳球模板:使用葡萄糖,利用微波法製備碳球模板。NiO中空微球:以硫酸鎳、尿素做為原料,碳球為模板,水做為反應的溶劑,反應溫度為60℃進行合成反應。並研究微波的功率、時間對碳球模板表面形態的關係,以及改變不同反應時間、原料變化對產量的影響,以SEM、XRD、SEM/EDX觀察其表面型態、結晶構造。
根據實驗結果,製備碳球模板的微波條件為350W、時間3小時可得到較佳的模板。NiO中空微球,產量會隨著反應時間增加而增加;NiO的粒徑隨碳球粒徑增加而增大,微球壁隨碳球量增加而變薄。


In this study, the carbon spheres as templates, is used prepare the NiO hollow spheres. Metal oxide hollow sphere have been synthesized successfully by various methods, such as templating method, sol-gel method, hydrothermal method, spray pyrolysis method and so on. The most-applied method for the synthesis of metal oxide hollow spheres is by far the templating of carbon spheres prepared by dehydrating glucose or sucrose under hydrothermal conditions, the surface of the carbon sphere have a well distribution of ─OH groups and ─C=O groups.
This study will improve the disadvantage of hydrothermal method. We use microwave to prepare because it has several characteristics: (1) faster reaction rate, (2) milder reaction conditions, (3) higher chemical yield, (4) lower energy consumption.
The experiment was divided into two parts, the preparation of carbon sphere templates and the synthesis of NiO hollow microspheres. Carbon sphere templates : carbon spheres prepared by dehydrating glucose under microwave conditions. NiO hollow microspheres: nickel sulfate and urea as raw materials, carbon spheres as templates, water as a reaction solvent, synthesis reaction at 60 ℃. Study the relationship between microwave power, time and carbon spheres templates of surface shape, and effect between reaction time, raw materials and yield. We explore morphology, the crystalline phases by SEM, XRD and SEM/EDX.
According to the experiments, we found that better template in the microwave conditions for the 350W, and the microwave time was 3 hr, the NiO hollow microspheres of yield increasing as the reaction time increases; NiO of particle size increasing as the carbon sphere diameter increases, the shell thickness thinning as the carbon sphere increases.


摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
目錄 v
表目錄 x
圖目錄 xii
符號彙編 xv
第一章 緒論 1
1.1前言 1
1.2研究動機 3
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2.1鎳材料簡介 4
2.1.1鎳的基本性質 4
2.1.2鎳的電化學性質 4
2.1.3鎳礦的分布 4
2.2氫氧化鎳與氧化鎳 6
2.2.1氫氧化鎳基本特性 6
2.2.2氫氧化鎳製備方法 7
2.2.2.1直接生成法 8
2.2.2.2緩衝溶液法 8
2.2.2.3配位溶液法 8
2.2.2.4高壓法 9
2.2.2.5氧化法 9
2.2.2.6樹脂交換法 10
2.2.2.7醇鹽電解法 10
2.2.3氧化鎳的基本特性 10
2.2.4氧化鎳的用途 11
2.2.4.1陶瓷和玻璃 12
2.2.4.2催化劑 13
2.2.4.3二次電池 14
2.2.4.4正極材料 15
2.2.5氧化鎳的製備方法 16
2.2.5.1溶膠凝膠法 17
2.2.5.2直接沉澱法 17
2.2.5.3微乳液法 17
2.2.5.4高溫固相反應法 17
2.2.5.5低壓噴霧法 18
2.3微波文獻回顧 19
2.3.1何謂微波( Microwave ) 19
2.3.2微波加熱 20
2.3.2.1微波加熱原理 20
2.3.2.2微波加熱優點及特性 21
2.4碳微球文獻回顧 23
2.4.1熱縮聚法 23
2.4.2液相法 23
2.4.3化學氣相沉積法 24
2.4.4溶劑熱法 25
2.4.5模板法 26
2.5中空球文獻回顧 27
2.5.1中空球的分類 27
2.5.1.1二氧化矽 27
2.5.1.2半導體氧化物 27
2.5.1.3其他氧化物 28
2.5.2中空球的製備 28
2.5.2.1硬模板法 28
2.5.2.2軟模板法 29
第三章 實驗設備與方法 31
3.1實驗藥品 31
3.2實驗設備 32
3.3實驗流程圖 35
3.3.1一步合成 35
3.3.2二步合成 36
3.4實驗步驟 37
3.4.1微波法製備碳球 37
3.4.2中空型氧化鎳一步合成 37
3.4.2.1改變反應時間 37
3.4.2.2改變尿素添加量 38
3.4.2.3改變碳球添加量 38
3.4.2.4改變硫酸鎳添加量 39
3.4.2中空型氧化鎳二步合成 39
3.5分析儀器介紹 40
3.5.1 X-ray繞射儀 ( XRD ) 40
3.5.2掃描式電子顯微鏡 ( SEM ) 41
3.5.3能量分散式X -ray元素分析儀的構造及原理 ( EDX ) 42
第四章 結果與討論 45
4.1微波法製備碳微球 45
4.1.1微波法製備碳球-粒徑分析 45
4.1.2微波法製備碳球-SEM分析 50
4.2中空型氧化鎳一步合成 52
4.2.1未使用尿素 54
4.2.2改變反應時間 55
4.2.2.1改變反應時間-產量曲線 55
4.2.2.2改變反應時間-XRD分析 56
4.2.2.3改變反應時間-SEM分析 57
4.2.2.4改變反應時間-SEM/EDX分析 60
4.2.3改變尿素用量 63
4.2.3.1改變尿素用量-產量曲線 63
4.2.3.2改變尿素用量-XRD分析 64
4.2.3.3改變尿素用量-SEM分析 64
4.2.3.4改變尿素用量-SEM/EDX分析 67
4.2.4改變碳球用量 70
4.2.4.1改變碳球用量-產量曲線 70
4.2.4.2改變碳球用量-XRD分析 71
4.2.4.3改變碳球用量-SEM分析 71
4.2.3.4改變碳球用量-SEM/EDX分析 74
4.2.5改變硫酸鎳用量 77
4.2.5.1改變硫酸鎳用量-產量曲線 77
4.2.5.2改變硫酸鎳用量-XRD分析 78
4.2.5.3改變硫酸鎳用量-SEM分析 79
4.2.5.4改變硫酸鎳用量-SEM/EDX分析 82
4.3中空型氧化鎳二步合成 85
4.3.1改變第一階段反應時間 85
4.3.2改變第一階段反應時間-SEM分析 86
第五章 結論 87
參考文獻 88
附錄 100


[1]Z. P. Xu , H. C. Zeng“Synthesis of Co3O4 spinel at ambientconditions”Chem. Mater., 12,3459, 2000.
[2]S. Tanaka, M. Fujii, S. Kohiki, et al. “Intraparticle Magnetic Properties of Co3O4 Nanocrystals”Nano Letter, 1: 379, 2001.
[3]黄金萍,杭國培,“間接原子吸收法测定高纯四氧化三钴中的矽”光谱学与光谱分析,第19期,第421-423頁, 1999。
[4]R. Xu, H. C. Zeng,“Mechanistic investigation on salt-mediated formation of free-standing Co3O4 nanocubes at 95℃”J. Phys. Chem. B, 107: 926-930, 2003.
[5]張俊偉,“以微波法製備鎳氧化物之研究”,碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學化學工程所,台北,2010。
[6]Fei Xie, Meizhou Qi, Wenjiang Li, Kai Wang, Zhenyun Yu, Bin Liu, “Classification, Fabrication Methods and Applications of Inorganic Hollow Spheres”, progress in chemistry , 23(12),2522-2532
[7]材料世界網,“電動車為鋰離子二次電池產業帶來巨大變革”,材網編輯室,2010。
[8]陳雅璉,曾文甲,“以有機膠體模板合成具有奈米多孔殼層脂氧化矽中空微球”工業材料,第237 期,第91-98頁,2006。
[9]M.L. Schmitt, J.E. Shelby, M.M. Hall, “Preparation of hollow glass microspHeres from sol–gel derived glass for application in hydrogen gas storage”, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids , 352,626–631,2006.
[10]廖世傑,“儲氫材料及系統”,化工技術, 第10 卷,第6 期,第236-248頁,2002。
[11]材料世界網,“電動車為鋰離子二次電池產業帶來巨大變革”,材網編輯室,2010。
[12]The University of Sheffield and WedElements Ltd,“ Nickel: the essentials”-http://www.webeiement.com/nickel/ (2010).
[13]Kim, H. S.;Itoh, T.;Nishizawz, M.;Mohamedi M.; Umeda, M.; Uchida, I.“Microvoltammetric study of electrochemical properties of a single spherical nickel hydroxide particle”,International J. Hydrogen Energy ,27(295) , 2002 .
[14]Natarajan, C.; Matsumoto, H.; Nogami, G. “Electrochromic properties of spin-coated nickel oxide films”,J.Electrochem,144(121) , 1997.
[15]Q. Li, L.S. Wang, B.Y. Hu, C. Yang, L. Zhou and L. Zhang, “Preparation and characterization of NiO nanoparticles through calcinations of malategel”, Materials Letters , 1615-1618, 2006.
[16]Srinivasan, V., Weidner, J.W. J.“Cyclic voltammetric studies of the effects of time and temperature on the capacitance of electrochemically deposited nickel hydroxide”, J.Electrochem , 144(210) , 1997.
[17]全球紅土鎳礦分布-http://www.docin.com/p-265279014.html
[18]H. Bode, K. Dehmelt, J. Witte, ”Zurkenntnisder nickelhydroxidelektrode—I. Uber das nickel (II)-hydroxidhydrat”, Electrochim Acta.,11(1079), 1966.
[19]C. Faure , and C. Delmas, “Electrochemical behavior of α-cobalted nickel hydroxide electrodes”, J. Power Sources ,36(497) ,1991.
[20] Mridula Dixit, P. Vishnu Kamath, and J. Gopalakrishnan, “An electrochemically impregnated sintered-nickel electrode”, J. Electrochem.Soc.,146(79), 1999.
[21]Sun Yang, Tian Yanwen, Zhai Xiujing, and Zhai Yuchun, “Researchprogress on manufacturing techniques of cathode material Ni(OH)2”,Chinese J. Power Sources ,21(178) , 1997.
[22]Zhaorong Chang, Gongan Li, Yujuan Zhao, “Influence of preparation conditions of spherical nickel hydroxide on its electrochemical properties”,J.Power Sources,74(252) , 1998.
[23]Sun Yang, Tian Yanwen, Zhai Xiujing, and Zhai Yuchun, “Researchprogress on manufacturing techniques of cathode material Ni(OH)2”,Chinese J. Power Sources ,21(178) , 1997.
[24]Ettel; Victor A., Babjak; Juraj, Baksa; Stephen J., and Bell; James A.E., “Nickel hydroxide”, U. S. Patent No. 5 , 281(494) ,1990.
[25]Sun Yang, Tian Yanwen, Zhai Xiujing, and Zhai Yuchun, “Researchprogress on manufacturing techniques of cathode material Ni(OH)2”,Chinese J. Power Sources , 21(178) , 1997.
[26]Terada Yasuhiko, Abe Kazunobu, Uno Hajime, and ShirasakiShinichi, “Process for producing metal hydroxide sol”, EuropeanPatent No. 0,428,389,A2 ,1991.
[27]Tripp; Terence Cordon, “Production of alkoxides”, U. S. Patent No.3,730(857) , 1971.
[28]陳為峰,吳石乙,“無機型電致色變材料與氧化鎳化工” ,54(250),61-69,2007。
[29]N. Ohshima, M. Nakada, Y. Tsukamoto, “Structural and magnetic properties of Ni-O/Ni-Fe bilayer films”, Japanese Journal of Applied Physics , 35, 1585-1588 , 1996.
[30]O. Kohmoto, H. Nakagawa, F. Ono, A. Chayahara, “Ni-defective value and resistivity of sputtered NiO films”, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials , 226-230, 1627-1628, 2001.
[31]Y. M. Chiang, D. P. Birnie III, W. D. Kingery, “Physical ceramics”, John Wiley & Sons ,24(105),129-131, 1997.
[32]I. Hotovy, D Buc, Š. Haščίk, and O. Nennewitz, “Characterization of NiO thin films deposited by reactive sputtering”, Vacuum ,50,1-2, 41-44, 1998.
[33]David Adler, and Julius Feinleib, “Electrical and Optical Properties of Narrow-Band Materials”, Physical Review B , 2(8),3112-3134,1970.
[34]O. Kohmoto, H. Nakagawa, Y. Isagawa, and A. Chayahara, “Effect of heat treatment on the oxygen content and resistivity in sputtered NiO films”, Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials , 226-230, 1629-1630, 2001.
[35]台灣陶藝聚落-http://www.taiwanclayart.org.tw
[36]新竹市玻璃工藝博物館-http://glassmuseum.cca.gov.tw
[37]Kerry M. Dooley, Julian R.H. Ross “Potassium/calcium/nickel oxide catalysts for oxidative coupling of methane” Applied Catalysis A: General ,90,159-174, 1992.
[38]Guilin Zhou, Hongmei Xie, Baoguo Gui, Guizhi Zhang, Xuxi Zheng,“Influence of NiO on the performance of CoO-based catalysts for the selective oxidation of CO in H2-rich gas”. Catalysis Communications,19:42-45, 2012.
[39]路秋生,“常用充電器電路與應用”,機械工業出版社,2005。
[40]蔡昀儒,“奈米鐵微粒於鎳鐵電池之鐵電極應用研究”,碩士論文,國立清華大學化學工程所,新竹,2009。
[41]孫清華,“最新可充電電池技術大全”,全華科技圖書,7-18 ,2001。
[42]林世彬,“鋰離子二次電池陰極材料LiNiO2之合成及其性質”,博士論文,國立成功大學材料科學及工程學系,台南,2002。
[43]游子弘,“以微波-離子交換法快速合成鋰電池LiNi1/2Mn1/2O2陰極材料與其電池性能之研究”,碩士論文,國立台灣科技大學化學工程所,台北,2007。
[44]C. Delmas, I. Saadoune,“Electrochemical and physical properties of the LixNi1-yCoyO2 phases ” , Solid State Ionics ,53(370) , 1992.
[45]C. Delmas, I. Saadoune, A. Rougier,“The cycling properties of the LixNi1-yCoyO2 electrode”, J. Power Sources ,44(595) , 1993.
[46]T. Ohzuku, A. Ueda,M. Nagayama,“Electrochemistry and structural chemistry of LiNiO2 (R/3m) for 4 volt secondary lithium cells”, J. Electrochem. Soc. ,140(1862) ,1993.
[47]朱誠意,劉中華,陳雯,“奈米NiO粉體的製備及其表徵” ,有色礦冶,18,42-44,2002。
[48]Tokeer Ahmad, Kandalam V.Ramanujachary, Samuel E. Lofland, Ashok K. Ganguli,“Magnetic and electrochemical properties of nickel oxide nanoparticles obtainedby the reverse-micellar route”, Solid State Sci , 8,425-430,2006.
[49]楊霞,張高科,胡波,劉穎,“奈米NiO粉體的製備及其應用” ,中國非金屬礦工業專刊,42(23) ,2004。
[50]Lenggoro, I.W., Y. Itoh, N. Iida, K. Okuyama, “Control of size and morphology inNiO particles perpared by a low-pressure spray pyrolysis”, Materials ResearchBulletin ,38,1819-1827, 2003.
[51]E.T. Thostentson, T.-W.Chou, "Microwave processing fundamentals and applications" , Composites:Part A, 30, 1055-1071,1999.
[52]EM spectrum -http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:EM_spectrum.svg
[53]蔡翠玲,“微波消化系統應用於高分子材料分解之動力學研究”,博士論文,國立清華大學生醫工程與環境科學系研究所,新竹,2009。
[54]歐信宏,“微波水熱法合成氧化鈦奈米管特性鑑定與光催化潛勢之研究”,博士論文,國立台灣大學環境工程研究所,台北,2008。
[55]張岐山,“微波能應用”,電子工業出版社,1990。
[56]張存續,“材料與微波之頻率響應與反應特性”,工業材料雜誌,216,81-87,2004。
[57]Microwave Chemistry-http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Microwave_chemistry
[58]張世佳,“以微波水熱法輔助過硫酸鹽降解水中全氟辛酸”,碩士論文,國立台灣大學環境工程學研究所,台北,2008。
[59]Coles and R.-E. , “Microwave processing and package integration”, In AsepticProcessing and Packaging of Particulate Foods" , E. M. A. Willhoft (Ed) Ch6, Blackie Academic and Professional, London, UK,112-147, 1993.
[60]H. W. Kroto, J. R. Heath, S. C. O’Brien, et al. “C60: Buckminsterfullerene”Nature, 318(6042),162-163, 1985.
[61]S. Iijima.“Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon”Nature , 354(6348),56-58,1991.
[62]Hidemasa Honda, Yasuhiro Yamada,et al.“Characteristics of mesocarbon microbeads separated from pitch”Carbon, 12(3),307-319, 1974.
[63]K. Esumi, S. Nishina, S. Sakurada, et al. “Formation of mesophase spheres from a coaltar pitch upon heating and subsequent cooling”. Carbon. 26(4),821, 1988.
[64]M. Kodama, T. Fujirua, K. Esumi, et al .“Laser Raman spectroscopy for determination of the C-C bonding length in carbon”Carbon. 26(4),594-595,1988
[65]Jianwei Liu, Mingwang Shao,“Tang Qun.et al. Amedical reduction route to hollow carbon spheres”. Carbon,41(8),1682,2002.
[66]Zhengxia Wang, Liping Yu, Wei Zhang,et al. “Carbon spheres synthesized by ultrasonic treatment”. Physics Letters A.,307(4),249, 2003
[67]Junbing Yang, Licheng Ling, Lang Liu,et al. “Preparation amd properties of phenolic resin-based activated carbon spheres with controlled pore size distribution”. Carbon,40(6),911,2002.
[68]Qing Wang, Hong Li, Liquan Chen, et al. “Monodispersedhard carbon spherules with uniform nanopores”. Carbon,39(14),2211,2001.
[69]Liqiang Cheng, Yingliang Liu, Jingxian Zhang, Dingsheng Yuan, Changwei Xu, Guanghui Sun,“Synthesis and Application of Spherical Structured Carbon Materials. Department of Chemistry”, Jinan University, Institute of Nanochemistry , Jinan University , Guangzhou, China, 2006
[70]J. Y. Miao, W. H. Dennis, C. C. Chang, et al. “Diamond and Related Materials” , 12,1368-1372, 2003.
[71]Z. L. Wang, Z. C. Kang, “Pairing of Pentagonal and Heptagonal Carbon Rings in the Growth of Nanosize Carbon Spheres Synthesized by a Mixed-Valent Oxide-Catalytic Carbonization Process”J. Phys. Chem., 100,17725-17731, 1996.
[72]Y. Z. Jin, C. Gao, W. K. Hsu, et al.“Large-scale Synthesis and Characterization of Carbon Spheres Prepared by Direct Pyrolysis of Hydrocarbons”Carbon , 43,1944-1953, 2005.
[73]Q. Wang, H. Li, L. Q. Chen, et al.“Monodispersed hard carbon spherules with uniform nanopore” Carbon, 39, 2211-2214, 2001.
[74]Q. Wang, H. Li, L. Q. Chen, et al.“Novel spherical microporous carbon as anode material for Li-ion batteries” Solid State Ionics, 152, 43-50, 2002.
[75]J. Jang, B. Lim ,“Selective fabrication of carbon nanocapsules and mesocellular foams by surface-modified colloidal silica templating” Adv. Mater. , 19:1390-1393, 2002.
[76]S. B. Yoon, K. Sohn, J. Y. Kim, et al. “Fabrication of Carbon Capsules with Hollow Macroporous Core/Mesoporous Shell Structres” Adv. Mater ,14,19-21,2002.
[77]X. H. Li, Y. C. Li, C. H. Yang, Y. F. Li.“Liposome induced self-assembly of gold nanoparticles into hollow spheres” Langmuir , 20(9) ,3734-3739, 2004.
[78]T. K. Jia, W. M. Wang, F. Long, Z. Y. Fu, H. Wang, Q. J. Zhang ,“Synthesis, Characterization, and Photocatalytic Activity of Zn-Doped SnO2 Hierarchical Architectures Assembled by Nanocones”J.Phys. Chem. C, 113(21),9071-9077, 2009.
[79]Y. F. Tang, L. Yang, J. Z. Chen, Z. Qiu , “A facile fabrication of hierarchical hollow microspheres assembled by titanate nanotubes”Langmuir , 26(12),10111-10114, 2010.
[80]Z. T. Chen, L. Cryst. Gao“A New Route towards ZnO Hollow Spheres by a Base-Erosion Mechanism”Growth Des. , 8(2),460-464, 2008.
[81]L. Liu, H. J. Liu, H. Z. Kou, Y. Q. Wang, Z. Zhou, M. M. Ren, M. Ge, X. W. He “Morphology Control of β-In2S3 from Chrysanthemum-Like Microspheres to Hollow Microspheres: Synthesis and Electrochemical Properties”Cryst. Growth Des. , 9(1),113-117, 2009.
[82]J. Liu , F. T. Fan, Z. C. Feng, L. Zhang, S. Y. Bai, Q. H. Yang, C. Li, “From Hollow Nanosphere to Hollow Microsphere: Mild Buffer Provides Easy Access to Tunable Silica Structure”J. Phys. Chem. C , 112(42),16445-16451, 2008.
[83]Y. M. Cui, L. Liu, B. Li, X. F. Zhou, N. P. Xu, “Fabrication of Tunable Core−Shell Structured TiO2 Mesoporous Microspheres Using Linear Polymer Polyethylene Glycol as Templates”J. Phys. Chem. C, 114(6),2434-2439, 2010.
[84]A. Melvin, R. Vijay, V. R. Chaudhari, B. Gupta, R. Prakash, S. Haram, G. Baskar, D. Khushalani, “A facile methodology for the design of functionalized hollow silica spheres”J. Colloid Interface Sci.,346(1),265-269,2010.
[85]C. S. Cundy, P. A. Cox ,“The hydrothermal synthesis of zeolites: history and development from the earliest days to the present time.”Chem. Rev. , 103(3),663-702, 2003
[86]S. P. Naik, A. S. T. Chiang, R. W. Thompson, F C. “Formation of Silicalite-1 Hollow Spheres by the Self-assembly of Nanocrystals”Chem. Mater. , 15(3),787-792, 2003
[87]J. N. Gao, Q. S. Li, H. B. Zhao, L. S. Li, C. L. Liu, Q. H. Gong, L. M. Qi ,“One-Pot Synthesis of Uniform Cu2O and CuS Hollow Spheres and Their Optical Limiting Properties”Chem. Mater. , 20(19),6263-6269, 2008
[88]S. S. Lo, D. S. Huang, “Morphological variation and Raman spectroscopy of ZnO hollow microspheres prepared by a chemical colloidal process”Langmuir , 26(9),6762-6766, 2010.
[89]X. W. Lou, Y. Wang, C. L. Yuan, J. Y. Lee, L. A. Archer ,“Template-Free Synthesis of SnO2 Hollow Nanostructures with High Lithium Storage Capacity”Adv. Mater. , 18(17),2325-2329, 2006.
[90]T. H. Eun, S. H. Kim, W. J. Jeong, S. J. Jeon, S. M. Yang ,“Single-Step Fabrication of Monodisperse TiO2 Hollow Spheres with Embedded Nanoparticles in Microfluidic Devices”Chem. Mater. , 21(2),201-203 , 2009.
[91]X. X. Li, Y. J. Xiong, Z. Q. Li, Y. Xie, “Large-scale fabrication of TiO2 hierarchical hollow spheres”Inorg. Chem. , 45(9),3493-3495 , 2006.
[92]P. A. Chernavskii, G. V. Pankina, V. I. Zaikovskii , N. V. Peskov, P. Afanasiev ,“Formation of Hollow Spheres upon Oxidation of Supported Cobalt Nanoparticles” J. Phys. Chem. C, 112(26),9573-9578, 2008.
[93]G. Jia , H. P. You, K. Liu , Y. H. Zheng, N. Guo, H. J. Zhang, “Highly uniform Gd2O3 hollow microspheres:template-directed synthesis and luminescence properties”Langmuir , 26(7),5122-5128, 2010.
[94]D. B. Yu, X. Q. Sun, J. W. Zou, Z. R. Wang, F. Wang, K. Tang, “Oriented Assembly of Fe3O4 Nanoparticles into Monodisperse Hollow Single-Crystal Microspheres”J. Phys. Chem. B , 110(46),21667-21671, 2006.
[95]L. Y. Xia, M. Q. Zhang, C. Yuan, M. Z. Rong,“A facile heteroaggregate-template route to hollow magnetic mesoporous spheres with tunable shell structures”J. Mater. Chem. , 21(25),9020-9026, 2011.
[96]J. H. Huang, R. Z. Ma, Y. Ebina, K. Fukuda, K. Takada, T. Sasaki ,“Layer-by-Layer Assembly of TaO3 Nanosheet/Polycation Composite Nanostructures: Multilayer Film, Hollow Sphere, and Its Photocatalytic Activity for Hydrogen Evolution”Chem. Mater. , 22(8),2582-2587 , 2010.
[97]Guoxin Hu, Wei Jia, Ping Zhang, Chao Lei, Shujuan Bao, Dianzeng Jia,“Preparation and Magnetic Behavior of Co3O4 Hollow Microspheres” , Institute of Applied Chemistry,Xinjiang University ,China , 2011.
[98]D. H. M. Buchold, C. Feldmann ,“Nanoscale γ-AlO(OH) Hollow Spheres: Synthesis and Container-Type Functionality”Nano Lett. , 7(11),3489-3492, 2007.
[99]P. Guo, H. H. Song, X. H. J. Chem,“Hollow graphene oxide spheres self-assembled by W/O emulsion”Mater. Chem. , 20(23),4867-4874, 2010.
[100]H. Zou, S. S. Wu, J. Shen,“Polymer/silica nanocomposites: preparation, characterization, properties, and applications”Chem. Rev., 108(9),3893-3957, 2008.
[101]T. Nakashima, N. J. Am. Kimizuka,“Interfacial Synthesis of Hollow TiO2 Microspheres in Ionic Liquids”Chem. Soc., 125(21),6386-6387, 2003.
[102]王世敏,許祖勛,傅晶,“奈米材料製備技術”,化學工業出版社,2002。
[103]Ulrich Schubert, Nicola Husing, “Synthesis of Inorganic Materials”, WILEY-VCH, 2000.
[104]P. J. Bruinsma, A. Y. Kim, J. Liu, S. Baskaran, “Mesoporous Silica Synthesized by Solvent Evaporation: Spun Fibers and Spray Dried Hollow Spheres”, Chem. Mater. , 9,2507-2512, 1997.
[105]Z. C. Wu, K. Yu, S. D. Zhang, Y. Xie ,“Hematite Hollow Spheres with a Mesoporous Shell: Controlled Synthesis and Applications in Gas Sensor and Lithium Ion Batteries” J. Phys.Chem. C , 112(30),11307-11313, 2008.
[106]Y. S. Han , M. Fuji , D. Shchukin , H. Mohwald , M. Takahashi, “A New Model for the Synthesis of Hollow Particles via the Bubble Templating Method”Cryst. Growth Des., 9(8),3771-3775, 2009.
[107]魏祺峻,“以微波法製備二氧化釩之研究”,碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學化學工程所,台北,2010。
[108]劉伊帆,“以微波溶劑熱法製備LiFePO4正極材料之研究”,碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學,台北,2011。
[109]林嘉鼎,利用微波法製備奈米氧化銅之研究,碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學化學工程所,台北,2006。
[110]羅聖全,“電子顯微鏡介紹-SEM”,材料世界網,2004。
[111]SEM/EDS構造與原理探討-http:/acade.must.edu.tw/


連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top