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研究生:洪淳鵬
研究生(外文):Chuen-Pon Hong
論文名稱:RuHCF、金屬鈀與單層奈米碳管結合多層奈米碳管複合薄膜修飾電極的製備及電化學性質的研究
論文名稱(外文):Preparation, Characterization and Electroanalytical Application of Ruthenium Hexacyanoferrate, Palladiun and Single-walled Carbon Nanotubes with Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes Modified Electrodes
指導教授:陳生明
指導教授(外文):Sheng-Ming Cheng
口試委員:曾添文洪偉修華沐怡黃國林
口試日期:2012-07-12
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:化學工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:76
中文關鍵詞:赤血鹽多層奈米碳管(MWCNT)醇類硫類過氧化氫單層奈米碳管(SWCNT)金屬鈀奈米粒子萊克多巴胺沙丁胺醇電催化
外文關鍵詞:Ruthenium hexacyanoferrateMulti-walled carbon nanotubeAlcoholThiolHydrogen peroxidePalladium nanourchinscyclic voltammetryAmperometryHydrazineNafionSalbutamolRactopamine
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第一部分:RuHCF與多層碳納米碳管的複合膜已經被用來檢測醇、硫醇和過氧化氫(H2O2)的電化學感測器。釕赤血鹽與多層奈米碳管的複合材料在酸性的溶液中顯示了RuHCF的氧化還原過程,發現了四對氧化還原的特性峰。當RuHCF混和多層奈米碳管複合,能使其變得更加穩定與得到較高的電流訊號。對於醇類,包括乙醇、丙醇、異丙醇它具有良好的電催化氧化性質。對於硫醇,包括L型半胱氨酸、硫代硫酸鈉它具有良好的電催化氧化性質。特別的是過氧化氫在電催化時會同時發生氧化與還原反應。過氧化氫的應用電位為-0.1 V,線性範圍為0-1.2×10-4 M,偵測極限為10-5 M,靈敏度為123.2 μA mM-1 cm-2。乙醇、丙醇、異丙醇應用電位分別為+1.05 V、 1.15 V 與 +1.23V,估計線性範圍分別為2×10-4-1.7×10-3 M、4×10-4-1.7×10-3 M與0-8×10-4 M,靈敏度分別為4548.4 μA M-1 cm-2, 12544.6 μA M-1 cm-2, 38543.1 μA M-1 cm-2,與偵測極限分別為10-4 M、10-5 M與 10-5 M。

第二部分:在這項工作中,我們製作的鈀(Pd)奈米粒子修飾官能基化的多層奈米碳管(fMWCNTs)膜修飾電極,對電催化氧化肼和對過氧化氫還原。在0.5 M的硫酸溶液下鈀奈米粒子電沉積在電極表面上,然後以5 μl的fMWCNTs修飾在電極,而得到Pd-fMWCNTs之修飾電極。以場發式掃描電子顯微鏡(FESEM)和能量色散型X射線裝置(EDX)研究其表面形貌。表面電子轉移的變化發生在修飾電極的表面,利用電化學阻抗圖譜(EIS)研究薄膜對於肼的氧化和H2O2還原表現快速,線性電流訊號。該修飾電極顯示出的肼線性範圍1×10-5 - 7×10-5M和過氧化氫的線性範圍1 ×10-6 - 1.9×10-5 M,這個結果,建議複合膜修飾電極對於肼和過氧化氫的檢測具有良好的靈敏度和選擇性。

第三部分: 奈米碳管和Nafion(CNTs-Nafion)複合材料的電化學感測器已經被用來對萊克多巴胺和沙丁胺醇做偵測。其電化學活性和比較,單層奈米碳管(SWCNT)、多層奈米碳管(MWCNT)與單層和多層奈米碳管混合(SMWCNT)電流訊號比例為3:4:16。 SMWCNT-Nafion複合膜對萊克多巴胺和沙丁胺醇顯示出較低的過電位,分別為621 mV和645 mV。在pH 7 緩衝溶液下相較於單層奈米碳管和多層奈米碳管有更高的電流訊號分別為4.7和1.15倍。LSV技術觀察萊克多巴胺和沙丁胺醇混合而得到較低電位的氧化峰,分別在+576 mV(+530 mV)與628 mV(+600 mV)。電化學技術相較於UV能夠更清楚地顯示萊克多巴胺和沙丁胺醇的混合物。在+0.58 V和+0.6 V的應用電位,萊克多巴胺和沙丁胺醇的偵測極限分別為0.05 μM和0.1 μM (S / N= 3)。特別是它顯示了高靈敏度,分別為86917 和65842 μA mM-1 cm-2。萊克多巴胺線性區間為0.05-0.15 μM、0.15-3.15 mM及3.15-33.15 μM;沙丁胺醇線性區間為0.1-0.3 μM、0.3-3.3 μM及3.3-33.3 μM。


Part Ⅰ:An electrochemical sensor of alcohols, thiols and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) has been investigated with hybrid composite of ruthenium hexacyanoferrate (RuHCF) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT). The formed MWCNT-RuHCF composite was examined in acidic solution and found four characteristic redox couples revealed RuHCF redox process. It was stable and found higher current response when RuHCF hybridized with MWCNT. It showed good electrocatalytic oxidation to alcohols including ethanol, propanol, isopropanol, and thiols including L-cysteine, thiosulfate, respectively. Particularly, both electrocatalytic oxidation and reduction of H2O2 can be performed by this composite. Applied potential at -0.1 V, it showed a linear range of 0-1.2×10-4 M, with a detection limit of 10-5 M (S/N = 3) and a significant sensitivity of 123.2 μA mM-1 cm-2. Ethanol, propanol, and isopropanol were determined at +1.05 V, +1.15 V, and +1.23 V, respectively. Linear range of 2×10-4 - 1.7×10-3 M, 4×10-4 - 1.7×10-3 M, and 0 - 8×10-4 M were estimated for these alcohols. The sensitivity was 4548.4 μA M-1 cm-2, 12544.6 μA M-1 cm-2, 38543.1 μA M-1 cm-2, with detection limit of 10-4 M, 10-5 M, and 10-5 M (S/N = 3), respectively.

Part II:In this work we report the fabrication of Palladium (Pd) nanourchins decorated functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (fMWCNTs) film modified electrode and its application towards electrocatalytic oxidation of hydrazine and reduction of H2O2. The Pd nanourchins were electrodeposited on the electrode by cyclic voltammetry (CV) in 0.5 M H2SO4 and then 5 μl of was drop casted on the Pd nanourchins modified electrode to form the Pd nanourchins decorated fMWCNTs. The surface morphology was studied Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy and Energy disperse X ray (EDX) spectral studies. The interfacial electron transfer changes occur at the modified electrode was studied using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS).The films exhibits rapid and linear electrocatalytic response for both oxidation of hydrazine and reduction of H2O2. The modified electrode showed a linear range from 1×10-5 - 7×10-5 M for hydrazine and 1×10-6 - 1.9×10-5 M for H2O2.These results show that the proposed composite film modified electrode possesses good sensitivity and selectivity for the detection of hydrazine and H2O2.
Part III:An electrochemical sensor of ractopamine and salbutamol has been investigated with carbon nanotubes and Nafion (CNTs-Nafion) hybrid composites. They are electroactive and compared as the current response ratio as 3:4:16 for single-walled CNTs (SWCNT), multi-walled CNTs (MWCNT), and single- and multi-walled CNTs (SMWCNT), respectively. The SMWCNT-Nafion shows the lower over-potential at +621 mV and +645 mV for ractopamine and salbutamol and the higher current response which is 4.7 and 1.15 times to those using SWCNT and MWCNT in pH 7 PBS. Lower oxidation peaks are obviously observed at +576 mV (+530 mV) and +628 mV (+600 mV) for the ractopamine and salbutamol mixture are observed when using LSV (DPV) technique. The electrochemical techniques have better chance to determine the mixture than UV-Visible spectroscopy. Applied potential at +0.58 V and +0.6 V, it shows detection limit of 0.05 μM and 0.1 μM (S/N = 3) for ractopamine and salbutamol, respectively. Particularly, it shows the higher sensitivity of 86917 and 65842 μA mM-1 cm-2 among specific linear sections of 0.05 - 0.15 μM, 0.15 - 3.15 μM, 3.15 - 33.15 μM for ractopamine; and 0.1 - 0.3 μM, 0.3 - 3.3 μM, 3.3 - 33.3 μM for sulbutamol.


中文摘要…………………………………………………………………………... i
英文摘要…………………………………………………………………………... iii
目錄………………………………………………………………………………... vii
圖目錄…………………………………………………………………………….. xi
表目錄…………………………………………………………………………….. xvi
第一章 緒論……………………………………………………………………... 1
1.1 修飾電極簡介………………………………………………………….. 1
1.1.1 修飾電極之製備方法………………………………………... 1
1.1.2 修飾電極的應用…………………………..……………….. 2
1.2 奈米碳管……………..………………………………………………… 4
1.2.1 奈米碳管之特性……………………………………………... 4
1.2.2 奈米碳管的製備…………………………………..…………. 5
1.3 普魯士藍…………………………………………………………….. 7
1.3.1 普魯士藍之特性……………………………………………... 7
1.3.2 普魯士藍類似物…………………………………..…………. 8
1.3.3 MWCNT- RuHCF薄膜修飾電極簡介………..………………… 10
1.4 瘦肉精……………..…………………………………………………… 11
1.4.1 瘦肉精簡介…………………………………………………... 11
1.4.2 萊克多巴胺………………………………………..…………. 11
1.4.3 沙丁胺醇………………………………………..……………. 12
1.5 鈀……………………………………………………………………….. 13
第二章 實驗藥品、器材與分析方法……………………..…………………….. 15
2.1 實驗藥品………………………………………………………............ 15
2.2 使用儀器及器材……………..……………………………………… 16
2.2.1毯製墊襯…………………………………...…………………… 16
2.2.2循環伏安法(CV)…………….......................…………….……... 16
2.2.3旋轉環-碟電極(RRDE)………...………………………..……... 16
2.3 分析方法…………………………………………………………….... 16
2.3.1循環伏安法………………………………...………………….. 16
2.3.2定電位法………………………………...…………………….. 19
2.3.3旋轉環-碟電極(RRDE) …………...…………………………… 20
2.3.4原子力顯微鏡………………………………...………………… 21
2.3.5掃描式電子顯微SEM……………...………………………….. 23
2.3.6 UV-可見光光譜儀……………………………………………… 24
2.3.7電化學阻抗頻譜圖(EIS)…………………….…………………. 24
第三章RuHCF與多層奈米碳管Ruthenium hexacyanoferrate /MWCNT
複合薄膜對於醇類、硫類與雙氧水的電催化反應………............ 28
3.1 動機…………………………………………………………….……... 28
3.2 製備RuHCF/MWCNT 修飾電極………………………………….. 28
3.3 結果與討論……………………………………………….…………... 29
3.3.1 RuHCF和MWCNT-RuHCF複合膜的循環伏安法製備....... 29
3.3.2 SEM表面特性分析…………………...…………………........ 31
3.3.3 RuHCF和MWCNT-RuHCF修飾薄膜之電催化特性研究.... 32
3.3.4 利用計時安培法探討MWCNT-RuHCF修飾薄膜對醇類電催化氧化反應……………….………………….…………………….
34
3.3.5 利用計時安培法探討MWCNT-RuHCF修飾薄膜對雙氧水
電催化還原反應……………….….………….....................................
34
3.3.6 RuHCF和MWCNT-RuHCF修飾薄膜之穩定度測試............ 35
3.4 結論…………………………………………….................................... 35
第四章 鈀奈米粒子修飾官能基化多層奈米碳管對電催化氧化肼和對電催化還原過氧化氫...................................................................................... 36
4.1 動機…………………………………………………………….……... 36
4.2 製備f-MWCNT………………………………………………………. 37
4.3 製備Pd-f MWCNT複合膜……………….…………………………. 37
4.4 結果與討論……………………………………………….…………... 37
4.4.1 鈀奈米顆粒修飾f-MWCNTs的電化學特性........................... 37
4.4.2 探討FESEM與EDS的研究……............................................... 38
4.4.3 電化學阻抗圖譜研究不同的膜………………………........... 38
4.4.4 Pd-fMWCNTs修飾薄膜的電催化氧化肼與計時安培法的研究……................................................................................................ 39
4.4.5 Pd-fMWCNTs修飾薄膜的電催化還原過氧化氫與記時安培位法的研究…….................................................................................... 39
4.5 結論……………………………………………….…………………... 40

第五章 混合奈米複合材料電化學感測器偵測有毒的萊客多巴胺與沙丁胺醇...............................................................................................................
41
5.1 動機…………………………………………………………….……... 41
5.2 製備SWCNT、MWCNT和SMWCNT與Nafion混合的修飾電極…………………………………………………………………………….. 41
5.3 結果與討論………………………………………………………..….. 42
5.3.1 利用SEM探討SWCNT、MWCNT和SMWCNT與Nafion的複合膜……........................................................................................... 42
5.3.2 SWCNT、MWCNT和SMWCNT與Nafion複合材料循環伏安法的研究………………………........................................................
42
5.3.3 電化學阻抗圖譜研究不同的膜……....................................... 43
5.3.4 紫外線可見光譜分析……………………………………….. 44
5.3.5 以計時安培法研究萊克多巴胺和沙丁胺醇在 SMWCNT-Nafion膜複合膜修飾電極中的電流訊號……................ 45
5.3.6 SMWCNT-Nafion複合膜的穩定性研究……………………. 45
5.4 結論……………………………………………………………….…... 46
參考文獻…………………………………………………………………………... 71


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