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研究生:陳子傑
研究生(外文):Zih-Jie Chen
論文名稱:我國街道塵坋土污染特性及其防制措施之研究-以台灣南部縣市為例
論文名稱(外文):Characteristics of Street Dust Loading with Control Measures - A Case Study on Southern Taiwan Area
指導教授:章裕民章裕民引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yu-Min Chang
口試委員:周芷玫曾昭衡林文印
口試委員(外文):Chih-Mei ChouChao-Heng TsengWen-Yin Lin
口試日期:2012-06-29
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:環境工程與管理研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:155
中文關鍵詞:街道塵坋土特性影響因子洗掃街
外文關鍵詞:Street DustCharacteristicsWashing Street
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
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  • 下載下載:16
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本研究旨在探討街道塵坋土特性,高屏空品區與雲嘉南空品區為台灣地區PSI不良率較高的空品區,且懸浮微粒不良比例也明顯偏高,而懸浮微粒的最主要排放源為車行揚塵。其主要是以雲嘉南空氣品質區與高屏空氣品質區所在的五個縣市各選定5條代表性道路進行街道塵坋土採樣,其次以桃園縣每季選取30條道路街道塵坋土採樣來進行長期洗掃效率評估。街道塵坋土採樣依照U. S. EPA AP-42 鋪面道路街塵之採樣方法執行,再依ASTM-C136標準篩分法得到各粒徑之塵坋土量,由討論街道塵坋土與影響因子相關係,並探討長期性洗掃街作業的街道塵坋土荷重削減成效,最後針對街道塵坋土防制措施提出建議。
經研究結果可以得知臺灣南部地區五個縣市之平均塵土荷重為1.854 g/m2,平均坋土荷重為0.592 g/m2,雲林縣塵土荷重為1.838 g/m2,坋土荷重為0.472 g/m2;嘉義縣塵土荷重為0.791 g/m2,坋土荷重為0.326 g/m2;台南市塵土荷重為1.530 g/m2,坋土荷重為0.423 g/m2;高雄縣塵土荷重為1.748 g/m2,坋土荷重為0.515 g/m2;屏東縣塵土荷重為3.739 g/m2,坋土荷重為1.225 g/m2。


The dissertation presents the characteristic of street dust in Yun - Chia - Nan Air Quality Area and Kao - Ping Air Quality Area,which are the worst PSI in Taiwan. Collecting five county street dust samples in Southern Taiwan, and selecting 25 roads and collecting the street dust samples in Taoyuan County.The sample collection method for the street dust according to U. S. EPA AP-42 procedures, which are based on a review of American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) methods C-136.
It was found that the amount of street dust loading is 1.854 g/m2, the amount of street slit loading is 0.592 g/m2. In Yunlin,the amount of street dust loading is 1.838 g/m2, the amount of street slit loading is 0.592 g/m2;In Chiayi,the amount of street dust loading is 0.791 g/m2, the amount of street slit loading is 0.326 g/m2; In Tainan,the amount of street dust loading is 1.530 g/m2, the amount of street slit loading is 0.423 g/m2; In Kaohsiung,the amount of street dust loading is 1.748 g/m2, the amount of street slit loading is 0.515 g/m2; In Pingtung,the amount of street dust loading is 3.739 g/m2, the amount of street slit loading is 1.225 g/m2


摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 引言 1
1.2 研究動機 9
1.3 研究目的 10
第二章 文獻回顧與理論背景 11
2.1 街道塵坋土的來源與特性 11
2.1.1 街道塵坋土之來源 11
2.1.2道路塵坋土之特性 15
2.1.3道路塵坋土對人體健康之影響 16
2.2道路髒污程度調查 20
2.2.1道路髒污分級 20
2.2.2洗掃街塵減量成效評估方式 25
2.3街塵污染量之相關因素 31
2.3.1 路面街塵負荷量 31
2.3.2車流量與車行揚塵 32
2.3.3 氣象因子 33
2.4 街道塵土作用機制 34
2.4.1 塵粒間作用力 34
2.4.2塵粒傳輸與沉降機制 36
2.4.3 街塵再揚起機制 41
2.4.4 塵粒收集機制 51
2.5 洗掃作業相關研究 54
2.5.1 洗掃作業執行方式 54
2.6 洗掃街車其他國內外相關研究成果 62
2.6.1 國內外其他相關研究 62
第三章 研究內容與方法 72
3.1 研究內容與架構 72
3.2 街道塵坋土採樣與分析方法 74
3.2.1採樣道路選定原則 74
3.2.2 採樣道路之選定 76
3.2.3 街道塵坋土採樣方法 77
3.2.4街道塵坋土分析方法 79
3.3儀器設備介紹 81
3.4 數據品保作業 85
第四章 結果與討論 90
4.1 街道塵坋土其含量特性 90
4.1.1 街道塵坋土之區域分佈特性 90
4.1.2 街道塵坋土之塵坋土關係與粒徑組成 97
4.2影響因子 99
4.2.1 車流量 99
4.2.2 降雨量 106
4.2.3 落塵量 109
4.2.4 營建工地密度 111
4.3 洗掃作業去除效率評估 113
4.4 防制措施 120
第五章 結論與建議 131
5.1 結論 131
5.2建議 133
參考文獻 134
附錄A:南部縣市採樣道路結果 142
附錄B:工地採樣記錄表 145


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