跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.192.22.242) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/08/01 12:17
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:翁明軒
研究生(外文):Ming-Xuan Weng
論文名稱:動態三維表面輪廓量測方法之研究
論文名稱(外文):Research on new methodology for dynamic 3D surface profilometry
指導教授:陳亮嘉林世聰林世聰引用關係
口試委員:葉勝利范光照
口試日期:2012-07-20
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:自動化科技研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:73
中文關鍵詞:原位測量精密工程表面特徵三維表面輪廓術複合式條紋輪廓術
外文關鍵詞:In-situ measurementprecision engineeringsurface characterization3-D surface profilometrycomposite fringe profilometry (CFP)
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:251
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本篇文章中將提出一個嶄新的動態三維表面輪廓量測方法,是根據傅立葉輪廓術(FTP)與相移輪廓術(PSP)所重新定義的一種可以達到即時量測的複合式條紋輪廓術(CFP),這是一種可以媲美PSP的量測精度,但是同時可以做到即時量測。將不同相位的正弦條紋進行編碼組合形成一種獨特性的圖案並且投影至物體表面上,利用三色相機取像並且由本實驗室所開發之帶通濾波器的方法進行處理。新開發的三維表面量測技術能夠進行每秒六十張的影像處理速度,所重建物件的三維輪廓是利用FTP萃取出的三個PSP的條紋進行相位重建。在初步的驗證階段,本方法將可以達到與傳統相移術的量測精度,並且即時獲得三維影像資訊的能力。針對重複性的量測時,針對標準階高所產生之最大誤差是整體量測高度的1.231%,準確度、精密度以及標準差分別為0.744、0.334、0.0387。

In this article, a novel composite fringe profilometry (CFP) method based on both of Fourier Transform Profilometry (FTP) and phase shifting principle (PSP) is newly proposed to achieve the measuring accuracy closely reaching to the same level by PSP, as well as one-shot imaging capability for achieving high-speed inspection. Multi sinusoidal colour fringe patterns are encoded to form a unique composite colour pattern for projecting onto the object’s surface, and its reflected deformed fringe image is taken by use of a triple-colour CCD camera and rapidly processed by the developed CSP method employing an innovative band-pass filter. A newly developed 3-D surface measuring method is capable of performing surface dimensional metrology at a high speed up to 60 frames per second (ftp) or higher. To reconstruct a 3-D profile of an object, a new strategy is developed to wrap three FTP-derived phases by using the PSP method, in which surface reconstruction can be performed robustly for a production of high-quality optical information. The experimental results preliminarily demonstrate that the method has capability to acquire 3-D maps at a high speed while the measurement accuracy being reaching up to that of traditional three-step PSP method. By measuring standard step heights in a repeatability test, it is confirmed that a maximum measured error can be controlled less than 1.231% of the overall measuring depth range. The accuracy, precision and standard deviations were 0.744, 0.334, 0.0387.

摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌謝 iv
目錄 v
圖目錄........................................................... viii
表目錄 xii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 1
1.3 論文架構 3
第二章 文獻回顧 3
2.1 引言 3
2.2 相移術 6
2.2.1相移法原理 6
2.2.2相移法文獻 8
2.3 傅立葉轉換輪廓術 11
2.3.1傅立葉輪廓術原理 11
2.3.2傅立葉輪廓術文獻 16
2.4 複合結構條紋投影法 20
2.4.1複合條紋投影法原理 20
2.4.2複合條紋投影法文獻 22
2.5文獻分析與比較 25
第三章 三維表面輪廓量測原理 27
3.1 相位轉換高度 27
3.2 彩色複合式結構光 29
3.2.1設計結構光 29
3.2.2結構光萃取法則 31
3.2.3 萃取相移條紋資訊 35
3.3 相位重建原理 37
第四章 量測系統架構與實驗流程 39
4.1 量測系統架構 39
4.1.1 硬體架構 40
4.1.2 軟體架構 43
4.2 實驗步驟與流程 46
第五章 實際量測結果分析與討論 47
5.1系統改善條紋分布之分析 47
5.2系統重覆度量測精度分析 50
5.2.1 ISO 5436-1:2000 50
5.2.2 系統K值 51
5.2.3 重複量測 51
5.3 量測結果 56
5.3.1 半球形之量測 57
5.3.2 魚骨 59
5.3.3 人臉面具 61
5.3.4 玩偶 63
5.4量測誤差分析與討論 65
5.5結果討論 67
第六章 結論與未來展望 68
6.1 結論 68
6.2 未來展望 69
參考文獻 70

[1]Gary Bradski, Adrian Kaehler, Learning Opencv – Computer Vision with the OpenCV Libraty, O’Reilly, 2008.
[2]R. A. Jarvis, “Laser time-of-flight range scanner for robotic vision,” IEEE Transon PAMI, Vol. 5, 1983, pp. 505-512
[3]M. Halioua, R. S. Krishnamurthy, H. Liu, and F. P. Chiang, “Projection moire with moving gratings for automated 3-D topography,” Applied Optics, Vol. 22, No. 6, 1983, pp.850-855.
[4]Y. B. Choi and S. W. Kim, “Phase-shifting grating projection moire topography,” Optical Engineering, Vol. 37, No. 3, 1998, pp. 1005-1010.
[5]W. Z. Liu, G. Mu and Z. Fang, “Color-coded projection grating method for shape measurement with a single exposure,” Applied Optics, Vol. 39, No. 20, 2000, pp. 3504-3508.
[6]L. Zhang, B. Curless and M. Seitz, “Rapid shape acquisition using color structured light and multi-pass dynamic programming,” International Symposium on 3D Data Processing Visualization and Transmission, 2002, pp. 24-36.
[7]H. J. Chen, J. Zheng and J. Fang, “Surface height retrieval based on fringe shifting of color-encoded structured light pattern,” Optical Letters, Vol. 33, No. 16, 2008, pp. 1801–1803.
[8]徐煥東,相位測量輪廓術的理論研究及應用,博士論文,浙江大學,2001。
[9]Peisen S. Huang, Qingyig Hu, Feng Jin, and Fu-Pen Chiang, “Color-encoded digital fringe projection technique for high-speed three-dimensional surface contouring”, Optical Engineering, 1999, 1065-1071.
[10]S. Zhang and P. Huang, “High-Resolution, Real-time 3D Shape Acquisition,” IEEE Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshop on Realtime 3D Sensors and Their Uses, vol. 3, 2004, pp. 28-37.
[11]J. Pan, P. S. Huang, F. P. Chiang, “Color phase-shifting technique for three dimensional shape measurement,” Optical Engineering, 2006, vol. 45.
[12]許耀升,利用HSI色彩梯形相移模型發展一種創新式高速三維形貌量測技術,碩士論文,台北科技大學,2008。
[13]Chen L C, Nguyen X L and Shu Y S “High Speed 3-D Surface Profilometry using HSI Color Model and Trapezoidal Phase-shifting Method International Conference on Precision Measurement”, Technische Universitat Ilmenau, 08 – 12 September 2008.
[14]M. Takeda and S. Kobayashi, “Fourier-transform meth-od of fringe-pattern analysis for computer based topog-raphy and interferometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72 1982, pp. 156-160.
[15]M. Takeda, K. Motoh, Fourier transform profilometry for the automatic mea- surement of 3D object shapes, Appl. Opt. (1983) 3977–3982.
[16]Oleksandr A. Skydan, Michael J. Lalor, and David R. Burton, “Technique for phase measurement and surface reconstruction by use of colored structured light”, Applied Optics, Vol.41, No.29, 6104-6117, 2002
[17]Libo Yuan*, Jun Yang, Zhihai Liu, Chunying Guan, Qiang Dai, Fengjun Tian, “Three-core fiber far field structured light pattern generator and its shape sensing application, ” Proc. of SPIE Vol. 7004, 70040S, 2008.
[18]Y. Wang, S. Yang, and X. Gou, “Modified Fourier transform method for 3D profile measurement without phase unwrapping,” Opt. Letters 35, 790–792 n 2010.
[19]C. Breluzeau, A. Bosseboeuf, S. Petitgr and X. Leroux, “Automate fringe pattern extrapolation for patterned surface profiling by interference microscopy with Fourier transform analysis,” Proc. of SPIE, Vol 5858, 2005, pp. 58580B-1-58580B-12.
[20]C. Guan, L.G. Hassebrook, D.L. Lau, Composite structured light pattern for three- dimensional video, Opt. Express. 11 (2003) 406–417.
[21]Daniel L. Lau and Laurence G. Hassebrook “Real-Time, Composite Pattern, Demodulationusing Optical Correlators” Proc. of SPIE Vol. 6220, 62200F, (2006) ‧
[22]Y. He, Y. Cao, Shifted-phase calibration for a 3-D shape measurement system based on orthogonal composite grating projection, Optik - Int. J. Light Electron Opt. (2011),
[23]Gonzalez, RC and Woods, RE (2006), Digital Image Processing, Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA: Prentice- Hall, Inc., 3rd ed.
[24]ISO 5436-1 : 2000 http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_detail.htm?csnumber=21978
[25]莊馥豪,創新式具多彩表面三維形貌量測技術與系統之研發,碩士論文,台北科技大學,2010。
[26]L.-C. Chen and X.-L. Nguyen, “Dynamic 3-D surface profilometry using a novel color pattern encoded with a multiple triangular model”, the 9th International Sympo-sium on Measurement Technology and Intelli-gent Instruments, Saint Petersburg, Russia, 29 June - 2 July (2009)
[27]L. C. Chen, X. L. Nguyen and F. H Zhang, “High-Speed Fourier Transform Profilometry for reconstructing ob-jects having arbitrary surface colors,” J. of optics 12 (2010), 095502.
[28]繆紹綱,數位影像處理,台北,台灣培生教育出版股份有限公司,2003.
[29]蔡立祥,創新式顯微三維形貌量測系統之研發,碩士論文,台北科技大學,2011。


QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top