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研究生:許建寅
研究生(外文):Chien-Yin Sheu
論文名稱:性質不同的酒精燃料對低碳生質柴油引擎性能影響之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Study of diesel engine with varied of alcohol fuel blended with low carbon bio-diesel
指導教授:林百福林百福引用關係
指導教授(外文):Bai-Fu Lin
口試委員:謝文桐黃道易
口試委員(外文):Wun-Tong SieDao-Yi Huang
口試日期:2002-07-14
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:車輛工程系所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:93
中文關鍵詞:生質混合燃料直噴式柴油引擎性燃料消耗率廢氣排放
外文關鍵詞:Mixed biomass fueldirect injection diesel Engine performancefuel consumptionexhaust emissions.
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:8
  • 點閱點閱:107
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
為了節能減碳,近年來各國相繼直接使用生質燃料或在石化燃料中添加混合生質燃料以減少車輛使用石化燃料和降低CO2的排放量。本研究使用生質柴油和生質酒精的生質混合燃料做為車用柴油引擎的燃料,將棕櫚油甲酯生質柴油混合乙醇或丁醇生質酒精的生質混合燃料(POME+E或POME+B),以及棕櫚油甲酯生質柴油混合乙醇和丁醇生質酒精的混合生質燃料(POME+EB),經實驗結果顯示,使用混合生質燃料會增加燃料消耗率,但幾乎不影響原柴油引擎的馬力輸出,POME+E和POME+B的生質燃料分別對Smoke 和HC濃度值的減低效果特別顯著。而POME+EB混合生質燃料則兼顧了POME+E和POME+B的優點,值得推廣使用。

In order to reduce carbon emissions in recent years, countries use directly bio-fuels or add mixed bio-fuels in fossil fuels for the purpose of reducing vehicle comsuming fossil fuels and of reduce CO2 emissions . In this study, bio-mass fuel mixed with bio-diesel and bio-ethanol is filled into vehicular diesel engine tank, This bio-mass fuel including Palm Oil Methy Ester(abbr.POME) blend with ethanol or butanol theses two blended bio-fuel called,( POEM + E) or( POEM + B).POME blend with both ethanol and butanol is a blended bio-fuel called (abbr. POEM + EB ).The experimental shows that mixed biofuels will increase fuel consumption rate , but almost does not affect the original diesel engine horsepower output , POEM + E , and POEM + B biofuels reduce the effect of Smoke and HC concentration values particularly significant . The POEM + EB mixing biofuels into account the POEM + E, and advantages of POEM + B is valueable to be used widely.

目 錄
中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌 謝 iii
目 錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 4
1.3 研究方法 5
1.4 研究範圍與限制 6
第二章 文獻探討 7
2.1生質柴油 7
2.2生質柴油特性 8
2.3生質柴油製程及轉酯化反應 10
2.4生質柴油之相關研究 12
2.4.1 國內研究 12
2.4.2 國外研究 14
2.5 乙醇及其特性 16
2.6 乙醇與柴油混合之燃燒與廢氣排放特性 18
2.6.1 國內之研究 18
2.6.2 國外之發表 19
2.7正丁醇及其特性 22
2.8正丁醇與柴油混合之燃燒與排放特性 25
2.9結語 25
第三章 實驗設備與方法 26
3.1 實驗設備 26
3.1.1 單缸柴油引擎 28
3.1.2 引擎馬力試驗機 30
3.1.3 NOX分析儀 31
3.1.4 HC分析儀 32
3.1.5 柴油黑煙濃度計 33
3.1.6 排氣溫度感知器 34
3.2 實驗用燃料 35
3.3 實驗方法 37

第四章 實驗結果與討論 38
4.1 BSFC值比較 38
4.2 BMEP值比較 42
4.3 Smoke濃度值比較 44
4.4 NOX濃度值比較 48
4.5 HC濃度值比較 52
4.6 EGT值比較 56
第五章 結論與建議 60
5.1 結論 60
5.2 建議 61
5.3 未來研究方向 61
參考文獻 62
附錄A:SD燃料實驗數據 70
附錄B:POME+E 混合燃料實驗數據 76
附錄C:POME+B 混合燃料實驗數據 82
附錄D:POME+EB 混合燃料實驗數據 88




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