跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(35.173.42.124) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/26 14:02
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:郭順宇
研究生(外文):Shun-Yu Kuo
論文名稱:正丁醇-汽油混合燃料應用在汽油噴射引擎可行性之分析
論文名稱(外文):The Feasibility Analysis on n-butanol-gasoline Blended Fuels Applying in EFI Engine
指導教授:林百福林百福引用關係
指導教授(外文):Bai-Fu Lin
口試委員:吳坤齡黃道易
口試委員(外文):Kun-Ling WuDao-Yi Huang
口試日期:2012-06-21
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:車輛工程系所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:67
中文關鍵詞:正丁醇燃料替代能源
外文關鍵詞:n-butanol fuelAlternative energy
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:7
  • 點閱點閱:470
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
在車輛之研究中,減少廢氣排放之汙染物與節能是當今頗為重要的研究重點。對汽油引擎而言,燃燒的不完全與熱效率低是最大的影響主因,加上傳統能源的耗盡,使得替代能源成為了未來必然的趨勢。在替代能源中,以乙醇燃料的研究及使用最為普及,因乙醇燃料含氧與高辛烷值的特性,有助於提升燃燒效率與熱效率的改善。但也因燃料本身低熱值與腐蝕的特性,故無法直接或以高比例添加的方式使用於現有的引擎上。另除乙醇燃料外,同樣為醇類燃料的正丁醇燃料,其原料的來源與乙醇燃料大致相同,又正丁醇燃料具有接近汽油的燃油特性。故本研究將正丁醇燃料以容積百分比分別為3 vol%、5 vol%和10 vol%添加於95無鉛汽油中,並與95無鉛汽油共四種燃料進行比較,探討引擎燃油消耗率、能源效率與廢氣排放的汙染物之影響。實驗結果顯示,丁醇混合燃料在較高比例的B10混合燃料上雖有較高的BSFC值,但隨丁醇燃料添加比例的增加,亦有較好的能源效率。另在廢氣排放的表現上,丁醇混合燃料較95無鉛汽油能有效的降低CO和THC的濃度值,而CO2和NOX的排放濃度增加。故使用丁醇燃料能達到節省能源和降低廢氣排放之功效。

Nowadays the research of advanced vehicle diminishes the contaminant of exhaust emission and augments energy-saving is still quite a momentous research focus. In gasoline engine, not merely is incomplete combustion pollution and lower thermal efficiency the dominant influence, but traditional energy sources is depleted as well, resulting alternative energy must be glorious in the future. In alternative energy, ethanol fuels, owing to the ethanol fuel oxygenated and high-octane features, they are utilized in many wide of sphere, help to ameliorate the combustion efficiency and thermal efficiency. Because of the fuel of lower heat value and pro-corrosion characteristic than ethanol fuels, it cannot be directly added into the vehicular engines with high proportion of alcohol-additive. Except additive of ethanol fuels, the similar alcohol fuels, n-butanol fuel, have higher energy density and oxygenated characteristic than ethanol fuels. This research uses n-butanol fuels by volume percentage of 3%, 5% and 10% added to unleaded 95 gasoline (referred to respectively as, B3, B5 and B10 mixed fuel), and 95 unleaded petrol, totaling four experimental fuels. This research analyses the engine fuel consumption, energy efficiency and emissions of pollutants. The results show that added B10 n-butanol blended fuels have, although, higher BSFC value than B3 n-butanol blended fuels, however, the trend is that if the volume proportions add from B3 to B10, it shows better energy efficiency. Finally, exhaust emission performance, used n-butanol blended fuels, effectively dwindle CO and THC concentration than unleaded 95 gasoline. Result from the characteristic of oxygenated n-butanol blended fuels, the concentration of CO2 and NOX exhaust emissions augment. Therefore, the use of n-butanol blended fuels can reach the goal of saving energy and reducing emissions.

中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌謝 iv
目錄 v
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 5
1.3 研究方法 6
1.4研究範圍與限制 6
第二章 文獻探討 8
2.1 丁醇燃料介紹 8
2.2 正丁醇與乙醇燃料特性比較 11
2.3 國內之相關研究 13
2.4 國外之相關研究 14
2.5 結語 17
第三章 實驗設備與方法 18
3.1 實驗設備 18
3.2 實驗用燃料 20
3.3 實驗用引擎 22
3.4 控制與量測系統 24
3.4.1 引擎動力計 24
3.4.2 燃料消耗計 26
3.4.3 CO和CO2分析儀 27
3.4.4 NOX分析儀 28
3.4.5 THC分析儀 29
3.4.6 噴射系統診斷器 31
3.5 實驗步驟與方法 32
3.5.1 實驗步驟 32
3.5.2 實驗方法 32
第四章 實驗結果與討論 35
4.1 BSFC之比較分析 35
4.2 BSEC之比較分析 37
4.3 CO之比較 39
4.4 THC之比較 41
4.5 CO2之比較 43
4.6 NOx之比較 45
第五章 結論與建議 48
5.1結論 48
5.2建議 49
5.3未來研究方向 49
參考文獻 50
附錄
A 95無鉛汽油(G95燃料)之實驗數據 56
B 95無鉛汽油和正丁醇燃料3%混合(B3)之實驗數據 59
C 95無鉛汽油和正丁醇燃料5%混合(B5)之實驗數據 62
D 95無鉛汽油和正丁醇燃料10%混合(B10)之實驗數據 65


[1]中國優油網燃油數據統計
http://www.365oil.com/html/ranliaoyou/shujutongji/jinchukoushuju/134-2.html
[2]台灣環境資訊中心
http://e-info.org.tw/node/67515
[3]Jos G.J. Olivier, Greet Janssens-Maenhout, Jeroen A.H.W. Peters, Julian Wilson ,"Long-term trend in global CO2 emissions,"PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, 2011 report.
[4]田中伸男,「世界能源展望2010」,國際能源署,2010年11月17日
[5]吳森榮、萬皓鵬、李宏台,「生質裂解油國內發展現況」,再生能源報導,2011年12月。
[6]陳維新,生質物與生質能,高立圖書,2010年,第38頁。
[7] L. Li., Z. Liu,. H. Wang, B. Deng, Z.C. Xiao, " Combustion and Emissions of EthanolFuel (E100) in a Small SI Engine. " SAE paper 2003-01-3262.
[8]J. Serras-Pereira, P. G. Aleiferis, D. Richardson, S. Wallace, " Characteristics of Ethanol, Butanol, Iso-Octane and Gasoline Sprays and Combustion from a Multi-Hole. " SAE paper 2008-01-1591.
[9]P. E. Kapus, Fuerhapter, Fuchs, H. and Fraidl, G.K., " Ethanol Direct Injection on Turbocharged SI Engines – Potentials and Challenges. " SAE Paper 2007-01-1408, 2007.
[10]S. Brewster, " Initial Development of a Turbo- Charged Direct Injection E100 Combustion System. " SAE Paper 2007-01-3625, 2007.
[11]K. Nakata, S. Utsumi, A. Ota, K. Kawatake, T. Kawai,and T. Tsunooka, "The Effect of Ethanol on a Spark Ignition Engine. " SAE Paper 2006-01-3380, 2006.
[12]R. C. Clemente, E. Werninghaus, Eugênio P. D. Coelho, Luis A. Sigaud Ferraz. “Development of an Internal Combustion Alcohol Fueled Engine.” SAE paper 2001-01-3917.
[13]V. F.Andersen, J. E. Anderson, T. J.Wallington, S. A. Mueller, and O. J. Nielsen, “Distillation Curves for Alcohol-Gasoline Blends.” Energy Fuels 2010, 24, 2683–2691.
[14]梁環環,丙酮丁醇梭菌發酵菊芋產丁醇的研究,碩士論文,大連理工大學,大連,2009。
[15]林有勝、孫曉紅,「生物燃料丁醇的研究與前景」,現代化工,2008年4月,第28卷第4期。
[16]中國生物技術訊息網
http://www.biotech.org.cn/news/news/show.php?id=85390
[17]梁啟源、鄭睿合,「我國推動生質酒精發展之長期政策及策略」,臺灣銀行季刊第六十一卷第一期。
[18]周仕凱、許梅娟,「新能源—生物產丁醇」,生質能源專題報導,科學發展,2009年1月,433期。
[19]R. Grana, " An experimental and kinetic modeling study of combustion of isomers of butanol, " Combustion and Flame, Volume 157, Issue 11, November 2010, Pages 2137-2154.
[20]陳勁中,「生質丁醇─基因改造菌種之研究近況」,石油季刊,第 46 卷第 2 期,2010,頁 95~106。
[21]C. Jin, M. Yao, H. Liuc, C. F. Lee and Jing Ji, " Progress in the production and application of n-butanol as a biofuel," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 15, Issue 8, October 2011, Pages 4080-4106.
[22]B. Q. He, S. J. Shuai, J. X. Wang and H. He, "The effect of ethanol blended diesel fuels on emissions from a diesel engine," Atmospheric Environment, vol.37, 2003, pp. 4965-4971.
[23]C. HU, W. J. Xin, S. S. Jin, A. X. Liang and C. W. Miao, "Effects of Ethanol in Ester-Ethanol-Diesel Blended Fuels on Spray Behavior and PM Emission," SAE Technical, 2006-01-0236, 2006.
[24]B. Wigg, R. Coverdill, C-F Lee and D. Kyritsis, "Emissions Characteristics of Neat Butanol Fuel Using a Port Fuel-Injected,Spark-Ignition Engine, " SAE Technical Paper 2011-01-0902.
[25]楊小龍、楊靖、林鐵平,「丁醇汽油對發動機性能影響的實驗研究」,現代化工,2008年4月,第28卷第4期。
[26]S.M. Sarathy, M.J. Thomson,,Togbe, P. Dagaut, F. Halter, C. Mounaim-Rousselle, " An experimental and kinetic modeling study of n-butanol combustion. " Combustion and Flame, 2009, pp. 852-864.
[27]T. Wallner, S. A. Miers, S. McConnell, "A Comparison of Ethanol and Butanol as Oxygenates Using a Direct-Injection, Spark-Ignition Engine, " Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, Vol. 131, May 2009, / No. 032802-1-9.
[28]W. D. Hsieh, R. H. Chen, T. L. Wu, T. H. Lin, "Engine performance and pollutant emission of an SI engine using ethanol–gasoline blended fuels. " Atmospheric Environment, 36, (2002) 403–410.
[29]W. H. Green, "Comprehensive reaction mechanism for n-butanol pyrolysis and combustion," Combustion and Flame, Volume 158, Issue 1, January 2011, Pages 16-41.
[30]G. Najafi, B. Ghobadian, T. Tavakoli, D.R. Buttsworth, T. F. Yusaf, M. Faizollahnejad, "Performance and exhaust emissions of a gasoline engine with ethanol blended gasoline fuels using artificial neural network." Applied Energy, 86, (2009) 630–639.
[31]林大惠,「醇類替代燃料之燃燒特性、汙染分析、引擎測試及效率評估」,國科會/環保署科技合作研究計畫成果報告,台南,1999。
[32]游文杰,乙醇混合燃料性質對機車引擎廢氣排放影響之研究,碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學,臺北,2011。
[33]陳勁中,「生質丁醇生產潛力菌株之篩選」,石油季刊,第 47 卷第 4 期,2011,頁 85~98。
[34]黃上賓,臺灣地區發展車用生質燃料選項綜合評估,碩士論文,國立台北大學自然資源與環境管理研究所,臺北,2009。
[35]張建興,95無鉛汽油與E85燃料對汽油引擎性能影響之比較研究,碩士論文,國立虎尾科技大學,雲林,2009。
[36]蔡宗翰,生質酒精燃料於電子燃油噴射引擎之應用分析,碩士論文,國防大學理工學院,桃園,2008。
[37]周欣慧,酒精汽油對不同里程車輛引擎排放氣態污染物影響研究,碩士論文,國立成功大學,台南,2008。
[38]黃慧玲,我國生質能源產業之分析,碩士論文,元智大學,桃園,2008。
[39]M. Yao, H. Wang, Z. Zheng, Y. Yue, "Experimental study of n-butanol additive and multi-injection on HD dieselengine performance and emissions," Fuel, Volume 89, Issue 9, September 2010, Pages 2191-2201.
[40]張全長,「正丁醇對柴油機低溫燃燒和排放的影響」,燃燒科學與技術,第16 卷第4期,2010,第363-368頁。
[41]S. Szwaja, "Combustion of n-butanol in a spark-ignition IC engine," Fuel, Volume 89, Issue 7, July 2010, Pages 1573-1582.
[42]A. C. Hansen, Q. Zhang and P. W. L. Lyne, "Ethanol–diesel fuel blends –– a review," Bioresource Technology, Vol. 96, 2005, pp. 277-285.
[43]X. Gu, Z. Huang, J. Cai, J. Gong, X. Wu, C. F. Lee," Emission characteristics of aspark-ignition engine fuelled with gasoline-n-butanol blends in combination with EGR, " Combustion and Flame, Volume 157, Issue 12, December 2010, Pages 2318-2325.
[44]R. Michikawauchi, S. Tanno, Y. Ito and M. Kanda, "Combustion Improvement of Diesel Engine byAlcohol Addition - Investigation of Port Injection Method and Blended Fuel Method," SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr., Volume 4, Issue 1, 2011, pp.48-57.
[45]M. Thewes, M. Müther, A. Brassat, S Pischinger, "Analysis of the Effect of Bio-Fuels on the Combustion in a Downsized DI SI Engine," SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. Volume 5 ,Issue 1, 2011, pp.274-288.
[46]A Irimescu, "Study of cold start air–fuel mixture parameters for spark ignition engines fueled with gasoline–isobutanol blends," International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer, Volume 37, Issue 9, November 2010, Pages 1203-1207.
[47]D.C. Rakopoulos, C.D. Rakopoulos, R.G. Papagiannakis, D.C. Kyritsis, "Study of cold start air–fuel mixture parameters for spark ignition engines fueled with gasoline–isobutanol blends," Fuel, Volume 90, Issue 5, May 2011, Pages 1855-1867.
[48]M Zoldy, A Hollo, A Thernesz, "Butanol as a Diesel Extender Option for Internal Combustion Engines," SAE Technical Paper 2010-01-0481.
[49]魏志鵬、謝輝、何邦全、趙華,「甲醇/乙醇/汽油HCCI燃燒和排放特性對比」,內燃機學報,第25卷第3期,2007,第223-228頁。
[50]F. N. Alasfour "The Effect of Using 30% Iso-Butanol-Gasoline Blend on Hydrocarbon Emissions from a Spark-Ignition Engine, " Energy Sources, 1999, pp. 379-394
[51]Owen, K.; Coley, T. Automotive Fuels Reference Book, Second ed.; Society of Automotive Engineers: Warrendale, PA,1995.


QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top