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研究生:江政憲
研究生(外文):Cheng-Hsien Chiang
論文名稱:聚苯胺電聚合之研究
論文名稱(外文):Electropolymerization of polyaniline
指導教授:廖義田
口試委員:吳汝瑜陳志恆
口試日期:2012-07-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:有機高分子研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:82
中文關鍵詞:導電高分子電聚合聚苯胺
外文關鍵詞:conductive polymerselectropolymerizationpolyaniline
相關次數:
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本研究主要探討聚苯胺電聚合,而電聚合具有優異之物性,如高導電度及操作容易等優點,並可應用於太陽能電池之電極。
本研究首先合成矽烷(silane),利用該物質以電聚合之方式修飾苯胺(aniline),利用苯胺共聚合物研究其導電性及物性。
另外,再將本研究之苯胺(aniline)與噻吩(thiophene)及吡咯(pyrrole)共聚合,以低廉的苯胺得到高附加價值的共聚合物,經此研究發現,經矽烷共聚合之苯胺,可有效增加其熱穩定性。
最後,以不同添加物調整苯胺。電聚合之苯胺在不同電解質中,觀察其導電度及結晶度之影響,經努力後發現不只是電解質,連溶劑之使用都會連帶影響導電度及結晶度,故我們期許爾後能做出高導電之高分子,進而能應用於太陽能電池上。

The research consists of three sections. The first section involves the electropolymerization of aniline under different enviroments. The variables are electrolytes, doping chemicals. The stracture-properties relationships are elucidated.
The second section illustrate the electropolymerization of aniline and pyrrole. The copolymerization of thiophene and aniline is also studied. The electrical conductivity is elucidated in this sections.
The third section involve the silane modification of aniline to increase the thermal stability of the copolymer. The thermal phenomena are elucidated in this research.

摘 要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌 謝 iii
目 錄 iv
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究動機 3
1.3 文獻回顧 4
1.4導電高分子的導電機構 7
1.4.1導電性高分子的掺雜 7
1.4.2導電性高分子之能帶理論與導電原理 7
1.4.3導電性高分子的應用 9
1.5電化學聚合 11
第二章 光電高分子 13
2.1 高分子聚苯胺 13
2.1.1聚苯胺的源起 13
2.1.2聚苯胺之結構型態與顏色變化 15
2.1.3聚苯胺之紅外線光譜分析 18
2.2 高分子聚噻吩 19
2.2.1 聚噻吩之簡介 19
2.2.2 聚噻吩之結構及其聚合方式 19
2.2.3 聚噻吩之反應機構 23
2.2.4 聚噻吩之反應機構 25
2.2.5 聚噻吩之摻雜理論 28
2.3 高分子聚吡咯 30
2.3.1聚吡咯高分子的介紹 30
2.3.2聚吡咯高分子聚合機構 31
2.3.4聚吡咯高分子之導電機構 42
2.3.5聚吡咯高分子之氧化還原反應 43
2.4 有機矽高分子 44
2.5 奈米拓印(Nanoimprinting) 45
第三章 實驗方法 46
3.1 實驗藥品溶劑 46
3.2 儀器設備 47
3.2.1 紅外光吸收光譜儀(FT-IR Spectrometer) 47
3.2.2 核磁共振光譜儀(Nuclear Magnetic Resonance) 47
3.2.3 四點探針(Conductivity Meter) 48
3.2.4 電化學聚合及分析(Electrochemical Analyzer) 48
3.2.5 電化學應用於奈米拓印(Electrochemical Analyzer) 49
3.3 實驗步驟及方法 50
3.3.1 苯胺(aniline)電聚合反應 50
3.3.2苯胺(aniline)與他項polymer共聚合之反應 51
3.3.3 苯胺(aniline)與silane共聚合之反應 52
3.3.4 aniline之電聚合及其奈米拓印(Nanoimprinting) 54
第四章 結果與討論 56
4.1 aniline於各電解質下之導電度及膜厚 56
4.2 aniline與各polymer之共聚合 62
4.3 aniline與silane之共聚合及熱穩定性 64
4.4 aniline之Nanoimpring 68
第五章 結論 75
參考文獻 76
符號彙編 82


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