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研究生:張文進
研究生(外文):Wen-Chin Chang
論文名稱:截短型Fibrobacter succinogenes 1,3-1,4-β-D-葡聚醣水解酶突變種Y42L與抑制劑複合體結構功能分析
論文名稱(外文):Structural and functional analysis of the truncated Fibrobacter succinogenes 1,3-1,4-β-D-glucanase mutant Y42L and inhibitor complex
指導教授:蔡麗珠蔡麗珠引用關係
口試委員:陳銘凱徐麗芬
口試日期:2012-01-12
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:有機高分子研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:41
中文關鍵詞:13-14-β-D-葡聚醣水解非競爭型抑制劑競爭型抑制劑鈣和Tris離子
外文關鍵詞:13-14-β-D-glucanasenon-competitive inhibitorcompetitive inhibitorcalcium and Tris ions
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Fibrobacter succinogenes 1,3-1,4-β-D-葡聚醣水解酶(Fsβ-glucanase, E.C. 3.2.1.73)主要能特異性水解大麥、小麥與燕麥等穀類植物中的β-D-葡聚糖(β-D-glucan)或地衣聚醣(lichenan)中與β-1,3鍵結相鄰後的β-1,4鍵結,而形成三至五個寡醣組成的最終產物。由截短型Fibrobacter succinogenes 1,3-1,4-β-D-葡聚醣水解酶突變種Y42L晶體結構得知鈣和Tris離子從養晶溶液進入蛋白質共同成為複合物晶體,由酵素動力學實驗得知鈣和Tris離子分別是葡聚醣水解酶的非競爭型與競爭型的抑制劑。突變種結構中有三個鈣離子、二個醋酸根離子及二個Tris離子。除了一個鈣離子與原生種同位置外,另多兩個鈣離子分別位於靠近表面胺基酸Phe152及Glu154和活性區域通道入口處與Asp202有鍵結。其中一個Tris離子的結合位置正好是在催化活性區域-1位置,並與主要催化水解醣苷鍵的胺基酸Glu56及Glu60有氫鍵結合。另一個Tris離子與Phe193及Gly195有氫鍵結合,並與醋酸根離子對同一胺基酸(Phe193)在主鏈和支鏈上互相影響。二個醋酸根離子與鄰近苯環及支鏈之交互作用,可能有助於穩定結構,但不影響催化功能。

Fibrobacter succinogenes 1,3-1,4-β-D-glucanase (Fsβ-glucanase, E.C.3.2.1.73) specifically hydrolyze the β-1,4 bonds when β-1,3 linkages are located prior to the β-1,4 bonds in β-D-glucan or lichenan. The final hydrolyzed products are tri- and penta- saccharides. Three calcium ions and two tris molecules are found in the truncated Fsβ-glucanase mutant Y42L structure. The first calcium ion is located at the same position as that of wild type. The second Ca2+ ion was found near the residues Phe152 and Glu154 on the protein’s surface, and the third one near the active site residue Asp202. Moreover, a tris molecule interacts with the catalytic residues Glu56 and Glu60 at subunit -1 of substrate. Based on the kinetic data, it is shown that the third Ca2+ ion and tris molecule are non-competitive and competitive inhibitors for the enzyme, respectively.

目錄

摘 要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
簡寫表 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 1,3-1,4-β-D-葡聚醣結構 2
1.3 1,3-1,4-β-D-葡聚醣水解酶 3
1.4 蛋白質養晶及三維結構測定 5
1.5 Lineweaver-Burk雙倒數作圖法 6
第二章 實驗方法 8
2.1 蛋白質表現、純化與SDS-PAGE 8
2.2 蛋白質養晶方法 10
2.3 X-ray晶體數據收集 10
2.4 酵素活性 11
第三章 結果 13
3.1 突變種Y42L蛋白質純化 13
3.2 最適反應pH值 13
3.3 酸鹼與熱穩定性 14
3.4 突變種Y42L晶體結構 15
3.5 突變種Y42L中配體之鍵結位置及對其活性影響 23
3.5.1 鈣離子之鍵結位置與抑制劑作用 23
3.5.2 Tris之鍵結位置與抑制劑作用 27
3.5.3 醋酸根之鍵結位置與活性曲線圖 31
第四章 討論 34
4.1 突變種Y42L催化活性 34
4.2 第三個鈣離子對酵素活性的影響 35
第五章 結論 37
參考文獻 38

表目錄

表2. 1 蛋白質SDS-PAGE配方 10
表3. 1 突變種Y42L之X-ray數據分析與晶體結構統計數據 17
表3. 2 β-1,3-1,4-纖維三醣相鄰胺基酸之交互作用及鍵長 21
表3. 3 Tyr 42、Glu 47及β-1,3-1,4-纖維三醣之交互作用及突變前後鍵長22
表3. 4 突變種Y42L與鈣離子配位的元素及鍵長 25
表3. 5 突變種Y42L與Tris分子產生交互作用的元素及鍵長 29
表3. 6 突變種Y42L與醋酸根離子產生交互作用的元素及鍵長 33
表4. 1 葡聚醣水解酶(Glucanase)及突變種之酵素動力學數據 34

圖目錄

圖1. 1 不同來源之β-葡聚醣酶之三維結構差異性 1
圖1. 2 1,3-1,4-β-D-葡聚醣之結構、構型及分子間氫鍵示意圖 3
圖1. 3 1,3-1,4-β-D-葡聚醣水解酶的反應機制 4
圖1. 4 1,3-1,4-β-D-葡聚醣水解酶之水解產物 4
圖1. 5 Lineweaver-Burk雙倒數圖 6
圖1. 6 抑制劑Lineweaver-Burk雙倒數圖 7
圖2. 1 實驗流程圖 8
圖3. 1 突變種Y42L親和性層析結果及電泳分析膠片 13
圖3. 2 突變種Y42L之最適反應pH值曲線圖 14
圖3. 3 突變種Y42L之酸鹼穩定性曲線圖 15
圖3. 4 突變種Y42L之熱穩定曲線圖 15
圖3. 5 突變種Y42L的結構及晶體單元中的蛋白質排列位置圖。 16
圖3. 6 突變種Y42L與原生種(wild-type)的結構重疊圖 18
圖3. 7 突變種Y42L之電子密度圖 19
圖3. 8 突變種Y42L與β-1,3-1,4-纖維三醣產生氫鍵鍵結的胺基酸 19
圖3. 9 突變種Y42L與β-1,3-1,4-纖維三醣存在著凡德瓦爾作用力的胺基酸20
圖3. 10 突變種Y42L突變前後與β-1,3-1,4-纖維三醣之交互作用 22
圖3. 11 突變前後之分子表面圖 23
圖3. 12 配體相對位置之整體結構圖 23
圖3. 13 鈣離子鍵結關係及電子密度圖 24
圖3. 14 鈣離子對突變種Y42L之抑制曲線圖 26
圖3. 15 鈣離子對突變種Y42L之動力學抑制圖 27
圖3. 16 Tris離子鍵結關係及電子密度圖 28
圖3. 17 Tris對突變種Y42L之抑制曲線圖 30
圖3. 18 Tris對突變種Y42L之動力學抑制圖 31
圖3. 19 醋酸根離子鍵結關係及電子密度圖 32
圖3. 20 醋酸根離子對突變種Y42L之活性曲線圖 33
圖4. 1 第三個鈣離子位於活性區域裂縫入口處附近 36

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