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研究生:CarlaMariaSoma
研究生(外文):Carla Maria Somarriba Briones
論文名稱:Factors Affecting Production Efficiency on Small &Medium Coffee Producers in North Central Regionof Nicaragua: An Application of Data Envelopment(DEA
論文名稱(外文):Factors Affecting Production Efficiency on Small &Medium Coffee Producers in North Central Regionof Nicaragua: An Application of Data Envelopment(DEA
指導教授:趙莊敏趙莊敏引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chuang‐Min Chao
口試委員:吳斯偉
口試委員(外文):si-wei Wu
口試日期:2012-06-12
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:管理國際學生碩士專班 (IMBA)
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:企業管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:91
中文關鍵詞:EfficiencyDEAThe two system modelTobit RegressionNicaragua’s
外文關鍵詞:EfficiencyDEAThe two system modelTobit RegressionNicaragua’s
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This study analyses the factors affecting production efficiency on small and medium coffee producers in North Central region of Nicaragua. To carry out this analysis, a non parametric approach DEA is used. It also has a second stage Tobit Regression analysis to measure efficiency factors of production throughout the farms specific attributes and socio-economic variables. This study uses primary data research through the collection of 140 surveys to farms during the 2011-2012 crop years.

The results obtained show that TE for small medium and all farms together is 0.52, 0.70 and 0.61 respectively. Medium farms over pass small ones by 18% more of TE. The analysis also reveals that the educational level of the farmer, number of family member living in the farm, access to credit and diversification are the major socioeconomic variables influencing the farmers’ technical efficiency. Finally, the findings prove that further productivity gains linked to the improvement of technical efficiency and implication of new government policies may allow Nicaraguan coffee production to increase.

This study analyses the factors affecting production efficiency on small and medium coffee producers in North Central region of Nicaragua. To carry out this analysis, a non parametric approach DEA is used. It also has a second stage Tobit Regression analysis to measure efficiency factors of production throughout the farms specific attributes and socio-economic variables. This study uses primary data research through the collection of 140 surveys to farms during the 2011-2012 crop years.

The results obtained show that TE for small medium and all farms together is 0.52, 0.70 and 0.61 respectively. Medium farms over pass small ones by 18% more of TE. The analysis also reveals that the educational level of the farmer, number of family member living in the farm, access to credit and diversification are the major socioeconomic variables influencing the farmers’ technical efficiency. Finally, the findings prove that further productivity gains linked to the improvement of technical efficiency and implication of new government policies may allow Nicaraguan coffee production to increase.

Table of Content
ABSTRACT .................................................................................................................. I
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ....................................................................................... III
I. INTRODUCTION ......................................................................................... ……..1
1.1 RESEARCH BACKGROUND ............................................................................................ 1
1.2 RESEARCH PURPOSES .................................................................................................. 3
1.3 RESEARCH L STRUCTURE ............................................................................................. 4
II. INTRODUCTION OF COFFEE INDUSTRY ...................................................... 5
2.1 INTRODUCTION OF COFFEE INDUSTRY .......................................................................... 5
2.2 COFFEE HISTROY ........................................................................................................ 6
2.3WORLD COFFEE PRODUCTION .................................................................................... 7
2.4 REGIONAL COFFEE PRODUCTION .............................................................................. 10
2.5 NATIONAL COFFEE PRODUCTION ............................................................................... 12
2.5.1 Nicaragua’s Overview and Geographic location ........................................... 12
2.5.2 Nicaragua’s Economic Situation .................................................................... 12
2.5.3 Production Characteristic .............................................................................. 15
2.5.4 Main regions of production ............................................................................ 15
2.6 CONCLUSION OF THE IMPORTANCE OF COFFEE INDUSTRY IN NICARAGUA .................... 17
III. LITERATURE SURVEYS .................................................................................. 18
3.1 LITERATURE SURVEY OF DEA PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY ON AGRICULTURE ................ 18
3.2 LITERATURE SURVEYS OF PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY ON COFFEE BASED ON DIFFERENT
METHODOLOGIES ....................................................................................................... 22
IV. METHODOLY ...................................................................................................... 27
4.1 DEAMODEL ............................................................................................................ 27
4.2 THE SYSTEM MODEL ................................................................................................... 30
4.3 TOBIT REGRESSION MODEL .............................................................................. 32
V. EMPIRICAL RESULTS ........................................................................................ 33
5.1 DATA DESCRIPTIONS ................................................................................................ 33
5.1.1 DEA VARIABLES ................................................................................................. 34
5.1.2 TOBIT REGRESSION VARIABLES .......................................................................... 35
5.2 STATISTICAL ANALYSIS ................................................................................................ 37
5.2.1 DEA RESULTS .................................................................................................... 37
5.2.2 DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICOF INDEPENDENT VARIABLES ON THE TOBIT REGRESSION . 39
5.3 DEA RESULTS ........................................................................................................... 43
5.3.1 DEA CORRELATION ANALYSIS .............................................................................. 43
5.3.2 BCC AND CCR MODELS RESULTS ...................................................................... 44
5.3.3 THE SYSTEM MODEL DEA .................................................................................. 55
5.4 TOBIT REGRESSION RESULTS ...................................................................................... 60
VI. CONCLUSION ..................................................................................................... 65
6.1 DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION .................................................................................. 65
REFERENCES ............................................................................................................ 69
APPENDIX .................................................................................................................. 72
A. A QUESTIONAIRE ................................................................................................... 72
A.B DEA SCALE EFFICIENCY ESTIMATION OF BCC AND CCRMODELS FOR ALL FARMS ..... 75
A.C SCALE EFFICIENCY ESTIMATION OF BCC AND CCRMODELS FOR SMALL FARM ........... 79
A.D SCALE EFFICIENCY ESTIMATION OF BCC AND CCRMODELS FOR MEDIUM FARM ....... 81
A.E SCALE EFFICIENCY ESTIMATION UNDER SYSTEM MODEL FOR ALL FARMS ...................... 83
A.F SCALE EFFICIENCY ESTIMATION UNDER SYSTEM MODEL FOR SMALL FARMS ................. 87
A.G SCALE EFFICIENCY ESTIMATION UNDER SYSTEM MODEL FOR MEDIUM FARMS .............. 89

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