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研究生:解明潔
研究生(外文):Ming-Chieh Hsieh
論文名稱:永磁交流自軸承馬達無轉角感測器控制系統研製
論文名稱(外文):Development of a Shaft Angle Sensorless Control for PMAC Self-Bearing Motors
指導教授:楊勝明
口試委員:林逢傑劉添華
口試日期:2012-07-27
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:電機工程系研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:98
中文關鍵詞:自軸承馬達永磁交流馬達磁懸浮徑向力無轉角感測器
外文關鍵詞:Self-Bearing MotorsPermanent Magnet AC MotorsMagnetic LevitationRadial ForceShaft Angle Sensorless
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:191
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
自軸承馬達是結合馬達與主動磁力軸承特性之新型馬達,具有零摩擦力、低噪音、高轉速、以及高功率等特性。自軸承馬達具有轉矩繞組與懸浮繞組,運轉時必須同時控制這兩種繞組電流產生轉矩與徑向力。本論文以永磁交流馬達為研究對象,設計、製作一內嵌磁鐵型永磁交流自軸承馬達,並以有限元素分析軟體計算懸浮徑向力參數以及分析懸浮徑向力數學模型,同時亦針對轉子位移時,磁鐵產生之磁拉力做分析,最後以實驗驗證自軸承馬達之懸浮徑向力控制以及懸浮徑向位置控制。永磁交流馬達於控制時,需要偵測轉角以回傳正確訊號做控制,但於自軸承馬達控制中,無法裝設固定式之轉角感測器,因運轉時轉子震動會破壞裝置之結構,故本篇論文亦探討自軸承馬達無轉角感測器之應用。

Self-bearing motor is a combins of motor and active magnetic bearing characteristics of the new motor, which contains all the features of zero-friction, low-noise, high-speed and strong-power. The self-bearing motor has torque winding and suspension winding. They must be controlled when these two winding current are operated at the same time in order to produce the torque and the radial force. This essay studies the permanent magnet AC motor, design and production of a buried magnet type permanent magnet AC self-bearing motor, and using finite element analysis software to calculate suspension parameters and suspended mathematical model of the radial force. Meanwhile the magnetic pull force which was generated by the magnet when the rotor offsets is also considered, finally, verification by experiment of radial force control and radial position control of self-bearing motors. Permanent magnet AC motors needs to detect shaft angle in order to feed the correct signal to control, but self-bearing motors can not install fixed shaft angle sensors, the rotor vibration due to the operation will destroy the structure of the device, so the essay also studies the shaft angle sensorless control strategy application to the self-bearing motor control system.

摘 要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌 謝 iii
目 錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 文獻回顧 2
1.3 論文目的 4
1.4 論文大綱 5
第二章 自軸承馬達控制原理 6
2.1 馬達模型 6
2.2 徑向力產生原理 10
2.3 徑向力之數學模型 12
2.4 自軸承馬達控制系統 14
第三章 自軸承馬達設計與分析 16
3.1 馬達規格與主要尺寸 17
3.2 磁路分析 21
3.3 電氣設計 24
3.4 頓轉矩改善分析 29
3.5 徑向力繞組設計 31
3.6 磁通鏈參數分析 32
3.7 徑向力分析 38
3.8 磁通密度檢驗 42
第四章 自軸承馬達無轉角感測器控制 44
4.1 無轉角感測器控制策略 44
4.2 反電動勢估測 45
4.3 轉角觀測器 47
4.4 開迴路與閉迴路切換 50
第五章 實驗結果 52
5.1 自軸承馬達製作 52
5.2 實驗系統 54
5.3 有轉角感測器實驗結果 57
5.3.1 電流控制 57
5.3.2 速度控制 59
5.3.3 徑向力控制 61
5.3.4 徑向位置控制 69
5.4 無轉角感測器實驗結果 74
5.4.1 開迴路運轉 74
5.4.2 開迴路與閉迴路切換 76
5.4.3 定速控制 82
第六章 結論與未來研究方向 88
6.1 結論 88
6.2 未來研究方向 89
參考文獻 90
符號彙編 95



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