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研究生:黃信中
研究生(外文):Xin-Chung Huang
論文名稱:開關式磁阻馬達無轉軸位置感測器控制於風扇驅動之應用
論文名稱(外文):Shaft Sensorless Control of Switched Reluctance Motor and Its Application in Driving Fans
指導教授:楊勝明
口試委員:林逢傑謝劍書
口試日期:2012-07-27
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:電機工程系研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:53
中文關鍵詞:開關式磁阻馬達無轉軸位置感測器峰值相電流
外文關鍵詞:Switched reluctance motorShaft sensorlessPeak phase current
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開關式磁阻馬達主要以磁阻力運轉,其轉子與定子皆由矽鋼片組成,定子槽為集中繞組,且轉矩產生不需要永久磁鐵,有易於製造、成本低以及堅固的優點,因此特別適合於高速應用。為了獲得良好的性能,線圈電流換相需與轉子位置同步,因此通常使用霍爾感測器、編碼器或解角器來取得轉子位置資訊。然而,若馬達操作於極端環境,像是高壓、高溫、潮濕或極高速情況下運轉,導致轉軸位置感測器有可靠度之問題存在,因此在這些應用場合須使用無轉軸位置感測器控制。本文以8/6極開關式磁阻馬達為對象,開發一種利用相電流之峰值特性以偵測轉軸位置的方法,並將此方法應用於中、高轉速之風扇負載。除了理論分析之外,本文亦以實驗驗證此方法的可行性。

Switched reluctance motors (SRM) are running with reluctance force, the rotor and the stator are made of silicon steel. They have concentrated windings in stator slots, and do not require generating reluctance torque by a permanent magnet. There are advantages of ease for manufacturing, low cost and rugged. Therefore, they are particularly suitable for high-speed applications. In order to obtain good performance, the phase currents need to commutate with the rotor position. So we should install hall sensor, encoder or resolver to obtain rotor position information. However, if the motors are running in extreme environment such as high pressure, high temperature, wet or very high-speed operation, resulting in reliability problems of shaft position sensors. Therefore, in these applications should be no shaft position sensors to control the motors. We explored 8/6 poles SRM for the object and used a characteristics of peak phase currents method to detect the shaft position in high speed with the fan load. In addition to theoretical analysis, this paper also verifies the feasibility of this method by experiments.

摘 要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌 謝 iii
目 錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 文獻回顧 2
1.3 論文目的 4
1.4 論文大綱 4
第二章 開關式磁阻馬達介紹 5
2.1 馬達結構 5
2.2 轉矩產生原理 7
2.3 驅動電路 11
2.4 電流控制 14
2.5 速度量測 17
第三章 無轉軸位置感測器控制 19
3.1 相電流特性分析 19
3.2 利用相電流偵測轉軸位置之方法 21
3.3 轉軸位置偵測方法之限制 26
3.4 開迴路啟動方法設計 28
3.5 開迴路與閉迴路控制切換 29
第四章 實驗系統與實驗結果 31
4.1 實驗系統 31
4.2 轉軸位置偵測 36
4.3 開迴路控制實驗結果 39
4.4 無轉軸位置感測器控制實驗結果 44
第五章 結論與未來研究方向 48
參考文獻 49
符號彙編 52

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[11]H. J. Guo, M. Takahashi, T. Watanabe, and O. Ichinokura, “A new sensorless drive method of switched reluctance motors based on motor’s magnetic characteristics,” IEEE Transactions on Magnetics, vol. 37, no. 4, July 2001. pp. 2831-2833.
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design, and applications. CRC Press, 2001.

[23]陳建宇,開關式磁阻馬達多相激磁控制,台北:碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學電機工程系,2011。
[24]陳明輝,永磁交流馬達無轉軸位置感測器控制及驗證,台北:碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學電機工程系,2011。
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[28]劉昌煥,交流電機控制,台北:東華書局,民國97年。


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