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研究生:李維哲
研究生(外文):Wei-Zhe Li
論文名稱:應用全球定位系統與零交越法量測輸電線路相位之研製
論文名稱(外文):Implementation of Power Transmission Line Phase Measurement Using Global Positioning System and Zero-Crossing Method
指導教授:曾國雄曾國雄引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kuo-Hsiung Tseng
口試委員:黃仁春龍仁光
口試日期:2012-06-22
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:電機工程系所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:77
中文關鍵詞:全球定位系統零交越法相角量測AT89S52
外文關鍵詞:Global Positioning SystemsZero-Crossing MethodPhase MeasurementAT89S52
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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  • 下載下載:1
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本論文以三個AT89S52實現以全球定位系統(GPS)與零交越點法作三相輸配電線路的相位量測技術,當GPS接收模組產生全球同步脈波時同時觸發三個AT89S52之內部計時器,接著透過三組零交越點偵測電路產生與模擬待測三相輸配電線路同週期之三相方波,並以其三相方波之正緣分別觸發停止三個AT89S52之內部計時器,將計算結果分別傳入其中一個AT89S52的暫存器,再以同一個AT89S52接收及擷取GPS的National Marine Electronics Association(NMEA)格式信號,最後整合其結果並輸出至電腦,而電腦端也以程式圖控介面(C++ Builder)轉換為角度值且顯示於螢幕上,讓使用者可直接從螢幕上得知所量測到的三相相位資料與接收時的日期時間資訊。本論文提出的方法可用較低成本完成三相相位量測,當中所使用的GPS訊號容易取得且安全,而成品電路的架構簡單,顯示結果的介面多功能且易懂,方便操作者使用。

This thesis probes into the phase measuring technique based on GPS and zero-crossing as three-phase transmission and distribution lines by using three AT89S52. The internal timer in the three AT89S52 is simultaneously triggered when the GPS receiver module generates global sync pulse. Then three zero-crossings will detect circuit generation and simulate to-be-measured three-phase square wave in the same cycle of the three-phase transmission and distribution lines. The rising edge of the three-phase square wave will trigger the internal timer of the three AT89S52 to stop, and then the computed result will be sent to the register in one of the AT89S52. The AT89S52, of which the register stores the result, will later receive and fetch GPS signals in National Marine Electronics Association (NMEA) format, integrating the data and sending the result to computer. The result will be converted into angle by C++ Builder and shown on screen, letting users read the measured three-phase data and time information when the data is received. The methodology proposed in this research can lower the cost for three-phase measuring. Moreover, the GPS signals used in this thesis are easily accessible and secure, and the framework of the completed circuit is simple while the multi-functional interface for result presentation is also user-friendly.

中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 相關研究概況及文獻探討 2
1.3 本論文主要貢獻 4
1.4 本論文架構 4
第二章 全球定位系統 5
2.1 衛星定位系統之概述 5
2.1.1 美國全球定位系統技術概述 5
2.1.2 各國的衛星定位技術 7
2.1.3 近年全球定位系統的技術應用 8
2.2 全球定位系統的資料格式 9
2.2.1 美國國家海洋電子協會 9
2.2.2 全球同步一秒一脈波 11
2.3 全球定位系統相關技術應用於電力系統 12
2.4 全球定位系統應用於同步相量量測技術 13
第三章 零交越法計算相位 15
3.1 三相交流系統之介紹 15
3.1.1 三相三線輸送電力方式 17
3.1.2 三相四線輸送電力方式 18
3.2 零交越法之基本概念 19
3.2.1 傳統零交越法求得相角 20
3.2.2 1PPS結合零交越法測求相角 21
3.3 零交越偵測電路 23
3.4 零交越法之優缺點探討 26
第四章 全球定位系統結合零交越法量測相位 28
4.1 全球定位系統結合零交越法量測相量之系統架構 28
4.2 單晶片AT89S52介紹與使用 30
4.2.1 AT89S52接腳功能簡述 30
4.2.2 AT89S52外部中斷 31
4.2.3 AT89S52內部計時器 33
4.2.4 AT89S52串列傳輸 34
4.2.5 AT89S52的中斷功能驗證 36
4.3 AT89S52處理所接收到的資料 39
4.3.1 AT89S52中斷執行的規劃 39
4.3.2 AT89S52程式運行的規劃 40
4.4 電腦監測介面的程式撰寫 44
4.4.1 電腦監測介面的程式執行流程 45
4.4.2 電腦監測介面的附加功能 46
第五章 模擬與實測 49
5.1 模擬GPS接收器提供的訊號 49
5.2 單相系統之相角量測 51
5.3 三相系統之相角量測 54
5.4 實測結果與討論 69
第六章 結論與未來研究方向 71
6.1 結論 71
6.2 未來研究方向 72
參考文獻 73



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