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研究生:陳志偉
研究生(外文):Chih-Wei Chen
論文名稱:僅使用單一電流感測器以擴展三相變頻器之電流重建範圍和減少電流諧波的新型混合脈波寬度調變技術
論文名稱(外文):New Hybrid Pulse-Width Modulation Technique to Reduce Current Distortion and Extend Current Reconstruction Range for Three-Phase Inverter using only DC-link Sensor
指導教授:賴炎生
口試委員:林詠凱劉添華楊勝明
口試日期:2012-07-18
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:電機工程系研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:58
中文關鍵詞:脈波寬度調變變頻器總諧波失真
外文關鍵詞:Pulse-width ModulationInverterTotal Harmonic Distortion
相關次數:
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本文主要目的是發展一種新型的脈波寬度調變技術,其僅使用單一電流感測器以擴展三相變頻器的電流重建範圍和減少電流諧波。此新型的脈波寬度調變技術是一種混合式的方法,由空間向量脈波寬度調變技術和不使用零電壓向量之功率開關狀態的脈波寬度調變技術所組成;前者可提供低電流諧波,但變頻器電流重建範圍較窄,相較之下,後者有高電流諧波,但可擴展前者變頻器的電流重建範圍。本文所提出的方法,係於可重建電流區域時,使用空間向量調變技術,以減少電流諧波;在不可重建電流區域,則採用無零電壓向量之功率開關狀態的調變技術,以擴展電流重建範圍,達到三相變頻器的電流重建。
本文利用ALTERA公司所產的現場可規劃邏輯閘陣列(FPGA) EPF10K70RC240-3為控制平台。所使用的感應馬達詳細規格為額定功率750 W、額定轉速1680 RPM、極數4極、頻率60 Hz、額定電壓220/380 V(ê/Y)、額定電流3.1/1.8 A。
由控制平台FPGA為基礎所獲得實測結果可證實,採用本文之電流重建技術,即使在非常低的重建調變指標命令範圍內,也能同時提供變頻器輸出低電流諧波。

The objective of this thesis is to develop a new modulation technique which can reduce the current distortion and extend the current reconstruction range for three-phase inverter using only DC-link sensor. The PWM technique is a hybrid method which consists of space vector modulation method and the PWM method without using null switching states. The former provides low current distortion, however it is with narrower current reconstruction range. In contrast, the later extends the current reconstruction range at the cost of higher current distortion. The proposed method, in the measurable region of space vector modulation method, space vector modulation is used to reduce the current distortion. Moreover, as the modulation range is out of that measurable region, the PWM method without using null switching states is applied to extend the current reconstruction range, and achieve the current reconstruction of the three-phase inverter.
In this thesis, an ALTERA produced Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) EPF10K70RC240-3 is used as the control platform. This proposed method for current reconstruction is realized using induction motor (IM). An induction motor with specifications of rated power 750 W, rated speed 1680 RPM, no. of poles 4, rated frequency 60 Hz, rated voltage 220/380 V(ê/Y), rated current 3.1/1.8 A.
Finally, the experimental results will confirm the effectiveness of the proposed method, where the current can be reconstructed even under very low modulation index with low harmonics distortion of inverter output current.


目 錄

中文摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vi
表目錄 viii
符號彙編 ix
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 論文大綱 3
第二章 三相變頻器的電流重建技術 4
2.1 電流重建技術的基本原理 4
2.2 電流重建技術的限制範圍 10
第三章 僅使用單一電流感測器之三相變頻器的電流重建技術 18
3.1 單一電流感測器之三相變頻器的電流重建技術 18
3.1.1 測量向量注入法[5] 18
3.1.2 不使用零電壓向量的脈波寬度調變技術[6] 20
3.1.3 延長原有的電壓向量維持時間法[7] 20
3.1.4 空間向量脈波寬度調變技術[10] 22
3.2 新型混合式單一電流感測器之三相變頻器的電流重建技術 23
第四章 實驗結果 35
4.1 實驗架構 35
4.1.1 驅動器規格 35
4.1.2 系統硬體配置 35
4.1.3 軟體程式流程 36
4.2 實測硬體介紹 41
4.2.1 現場可規劃邏輯閘陣列 41
4.2.2 變頻器電路 41
4.2.3 馬達規格 42
4.2.4 類比/數位轉換器 42
4.2.5 電流回授電路 44
4.3 實測結果 44
第五章 結論與未來工作方向 52
5.1 結論 52
5.2 未來工作方向 52
參考文獻 53
附錄 56
A. 現場可規劃邏輯閘陣列實體圖 56
B. 變頻器和電流回授電路實體圖 56
C. 感應馬達實體圖 57
D. 系統實體圖 57
作者簡介 58


參考文獻

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[22]林詠凱,直流無刷馬達與變頻器的控制技術,博士學位論文,國立臺北科技大學電機所,民國九十九年。
[23]陳志偉、林詠凱、賴炎生,「New hybrid pulse-width modulation technique to reduce current distortion and extend current reconstruction range for three-phase inverter using only DC-link sensor」,第32屆電力工程研討會,2011 年12 月02 日。


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