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研究生:高金照
研究生(外文):Jin-Zau Kao
論文名稱:LED路燈與一般路燈照明色彩差異性之比較研究
論文名稱(外文):A Comparative Study of Illumination Chromatic Aberration between LED Roadway Lamps and Regular Roadway Lamps
指導教授:曾國雄曾國雄引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kuo-Hsiung Tseng
口試委員:張瑞豐高文秀
口試日期:2012-06-22
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:電機工程系研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:77
中文關鍵詞:CIEDE2000道路照明色差LED
外文關鍵詞:CIEDE2000roadway lampcolor differenceLED roadway lamp
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:485
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:27
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
一般道路照明的路燈光源最常用是高壓水銀燈、高壓鈉光燈及複金屬燈等光源,此三光源皆為高CO2排放量之光源,為達節能減碳之目的,本研究將比較分析CO2排放量較低之LED路燈是否可替代一般路燈成為主流,本研究重點著重於照明色彩差異性的比較分析。由於計算機視覺不受人類的生理和心理因素影響,評價標準比較客觀和穩定,因此,本研究利用計算機視覺系統顏色的量化來模擬視覺,我們將以LED路燈等各式光源照射於24色色票上,將所呈現的顏色和色差進行採集、處理,並且利用CIEDE2000色差公式算出LED路燈等光源與D65光源之間的差異,畫出取線圖加以分析,幫助我們了解不同光源對各種不同顏色的差異特性,以觀察LED路燈與一般路燈之色差究竟是差多少,進而發現LED路燈與一般路燈表現狀況及取代性。本研究發現LED路燈目前可取代一般巷道內高度5M之高壓水銀燈,其色相差、彩度差及差異值皆比高壓水銀燈來的低,是一個優秀的光源,但LED路燈目前尚無法取代高壓鈉光燈及複金屬燈,而LED路燈目前進步空間仍然很大,相信未來可以取代所有傳統路燈。

To reduce power consumption and attain goals of energy saving and carbon reduction, this study explored the possibility of replacing regular roadway lamps with LED roadway lamps, with focus on the comparison and analysis of lighting color differences. Computer vision system was used for color quantification to simulate human vision. We allowed for LED roadway lamps and various illuminants to irradiate on a 24-color chart to collect the displayed colors and color differences. The CIEDE2000 color difference equation was used to determine the difference between LED roadway lamp illuminants and D65 standard sources, and indicated different characteristics for different illuminants at different colors. The research results showed that lighting color difference values for LED roadway lamps was next to that of luminous tubes and metal halide lamps (similar to D65 standard source). The LED roadway lamp can replace regular roadway lamps to become a predominant type in the future. This study found that the LED roadway can replace the current general roadway of high pressure mercury lamp, the color of the color difference between the saturation difference and the difference values are higher than the low pressure mercury lamp, is an excellent light source; LED roadway and can not replace the high-pressure sodiumlights and metal halide lamp, LED roadway lamp room for improvement, I believe the future can replace traditional street lights.

摘 要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌 謝 iii
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 3
1.3 文獻探討 4
1.4 論文內容概述 5
第二章 研究方法與步驟 6
2.1 研究方法 6
2.1.1 實驗設備及器材 6
2.1.2 測試光源介紹 7
2.1.3 量測方法 10
2.2 量測步驟 11
2.2.1 量化處理 13
2.2.2 研究流程圖 13
第三章 CIE 1931色彩空間 14
3.1 表面色三屬性(H.V.C) 14
3.2 三色刺激值(X、Y、Z) 15
3.3 CIE xy 色度圖 16
3.4 CIE 1931色彩空間定義 18
3.5 CIE RGB 色彩空間 19
3.6 Grassmann定律 21
3.7 從Wright–Guild數據構造CIE XYZ色彩空間 22
第四章 麥克亞當橢圓與顏色空間轉換 25
4.1麥克亞當橢圓的定義 25
4.2 麥克亞當橢圓在CIE 1931 x-y色度圖上的分布情形 25
4.3 麥克亞當橢圓在均勻色彩空間中的特性 26
4.4 顏色空間轉換定義 27
4.5 CIE L*a*b*顏色空間 27
4.6 CIEDE 2000 色差公式 28
第五章 實驗結果與討論 31
5.1 實驗結果及初步分析 31
5.1.1 各光源與D65色相差 31
5.1.1.1 高壓水銀燈與D65之色相差 32
5.1.1.2 高壓鈉光燈與D65之色相差 34
5.1.1.3 複金屬燈與D65之色相差 36
5.1.1.4 LED燈與D65之色相差 38
5.1.1.5 鹵素燈與D65之色相差 40
5.1.1.6 日光燈與D65之色相差 42
5.1.2 各光源與D65彩度差 44
5.1.2.1 高壓水銀燈與D65之彩度差 44
5.1.2.2 高壓鈉光燈與D65之彩度差 44
5.1.2.3 複金屬燈與D65之彩度差 45
5.1.2.4 LED燈與D65之彩度差 46
5.1.2.5 鹵素燈與D65之彩度差 46
5.1.2.6 日光燈與D65之彩度差 47
5.1.3 各光源與D65差異值 47
5.1.3.1 高壓水銀燈與D65之差異值 47
5.1.3.2 高壓鈉光燈與D65之差異值 48
5.1.3.3 複金屬燈與D65之差異值 49
5.1.3.4 LED燈與D65之差異值 49
5.1.3.5 鹵素燈與D65之差異值 50
5.1.3.6 日光燈與D65之差異值 50
5.1.4 各人工光源與D65綜合比較 51
5.1.4.1 各人工光源與D65之色相差比較 51
5.1.4.2 各人工光源與D65之彩度差比較 52
5.1.4.3 各人工光源與D65之差異值比較 53
5.2 實驗經驗 54
5.3 結果與討論 57
第六章 結論與未來研究方向 59
6.1 結論 59
6.2 未來研究方向 60
參考文獻 62
附錄
A 高壓水銀燈與D65公式計算結果 66
B 高壓鈉光燈與D65公式計算結果 68
C 複金屬燈與D65公式計算結果 70
D LED燈與D65公式計算結果 72
E 鹵素燈與D65公式計算結果 74
F 日光燈與D65公式計算結果 76


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