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研究生:張詠舜
研究生(外文):Shun-Yung Chang
論文名稱:模糊監督式模糊滑動模式控制器於向量控制系統之實現
論文名稱(外文):Implementation of Fuzzy Sliding Mode Controller with Fuzzy Supervisory System for Vector Control System
指導教授:王順源王順源引用關係
口試委員:黃仲欽曾傳蘆曾煥雯
口試日期:2012-07-12
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:電機工程系所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:101
中文關鍵詞:滑動模式控制模糊理論參考模型適應性系統向量控制
外文關鍵詞:Sliding Mode ControlFuzzy TheoryModel Reference Adaptive SystemVector Control
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本論文主旨在模糊監督式模糊滑動模式控制器(fuzzy sliding mode controller with fuzzy supervisory system, FSFSC)的實現,此控制器透過模糊監督系統來分配滑動模式控制器和模糊控制器的輸出比例,滑動模式控制器大部份在暫態時提供快速暫態控制量,而模糊控制器主要在穩態時提供較平滑的控制量來減少滑動模式所產的顫動。此外,基於參考模型適應性系統(model reference adaptive system, MRAS) 和TSK (Takagi-Sugeno-Kang)模糊理論來實現定轉子電阻估測器,此估測參數將即時修正適應性磁通估測器,減少參數變動對磁通估測的影響。
最後,將模糊監督式模糊滑動模式控制器與電阻估測器實現於感應馬達向量控制(vector control)系統中,由實驗結果得知模糊監督式模糊滑動模式控制器(FSFSC)的追踪響應優於模糊控制器(FC),而電阻估測器在系統使用錯誤的初始值時可估測出近似原額定參數。


The purpose of this thesis is to implement a fuzzy sliding mode controller with fuzzy supervisory system (FSFSC). This control structure combines the sliding mode controller and fuzzy controller with different proportions which are calculated by fuzzy supervisory system. The sliding mode controller mostly provides fast dynamic response in transient state, and the fuzzy controller mainly offers the smooth control effort in steady state to decrease the chattering that are caused by a discontinuous control from sliding model controller. Moreover, the resistance estimator is implemented by model reference adaptive system and TSK fuzzy theories. The estimated parameters are fed back to system in order to alleviate the variations of resistances for flux estimator.
Finally, the effectiveness and feasibility of the FSFSC and resistance estimator are demonstrated through experiment of vector-controlled induction motor system. The experimental results show that the tracking performance of FSFSC is better than Fuzzy Controller (FC), and resistance estimator have an ability to estimate the rated value very closely from the mismatch of resistance.


中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌 謝 iv
目 錄 v
表目錄 viii
圖目錄 ix
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 論文架構 3
第二章 感應馬達向量控制 4
2.1 座標轉換簡介 4
2.2 感應電動機的數學模型 5
2.3 轉子磁場導向控制原理 6
2.4 轉速估測器 10
2.5 本章結語 11
第三章 模糊控制理論 12
3.1 模糊控制理論簡介 12
3.2 模糊控制原理 13
3.2.1 模糊化 13
3.2.2 知識庫 13
3.2.3 模糊推論引擎 15
3.2.4 解模糊化 16
3.3 模糊控制器應用與設計 17
3.4 Takagi-Sugeno-Kang模糊系統理論與投影演算法 20
3.4.1 TSK模糊系統理論 21
3.4.2 投影演算法 21
3.4.3 TSK模糊系統的後件部參數修正式 24
3.5 本章結語 25
第四章 滑動模式控制 26
4.1 滑動模式控制簡介 26
4.2 滑動模式控制條件 27
4.3 滑動模式控制器的設計 28
4.4 滑動模式速度控制器的設計 30
4.5 模糊監督式模糊滑動模式控制器設計 33
4.5.1 模糊監督系統 34
4.5.2 負載轉矩計算 39
4.5.3 模糊監督式模糊滑動模式控制器之穩定度推導 40
4.6 本章結語 41
第五章 參考模型適應性系統理論 42
5.1 參考模型適應性系統理論簡介 42
5.2 TSK模糊電阻估測器 43
5.3 適應性磁通估測器 47
5.4 感應馬達向量控制系統模擬 49
5.5 本章結語 55
第六章 向量控制系統實驗 56
6.1 實驗設備介紹 56
6.2 實驗內容 58
6.3 實驗一結果 62
6.4 實驗二結果 83
6.5 實驗三結果 86
6.6 實驗結果討論 91
6.7 本章結語 92
第七章 結論與未來研究方向 93
7.1 結論 93
7.2 未來研究方向 93
參考文獻 94
附錄A 符號彙編 99
附錄B 實驗設備照片 101


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