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研究生:蔡福君
研究生(外文):Fu-Chun Tsai
論文名稱:應用RFID 技術於輪胎磨耗之監測
論文名稱(外文):Application of RFID technology in tire wearmonitoring
指導教授:陸元平
口試委員:陳凱瀛瞿志行
口試委員(外文):Chih-Hsing Chu
口試日期:2012-07-31
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:機電整合研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:74
中文關鍵詞:RFID輪胎磨耗監測
外文關鍵詞:RFIDTireWear monitoring
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現代產業對於大眾交通運輸工具倚重程度日益增加,而一般運輸工具主要仰賴輪胎傳動,因此忽視輪胎安全而發生的事故也日益增加。在實務上,一般大型車輛常有使用回收再製胎的情形,而回收再製胎容易磨損導致胎皮脫落,所以發生爆胎的情形層出不窮。市面上在輪胎安全監測上僅有傳統人為目測、胎壓及溫度監測系統,其中壓力監測系統中有幾項缺點至目前無法克服:無法做到即時性監控、不能保證系統穩定性及電池壽命使用上有限。目前國內外尚未有對輪胎磨耗狀況進行監測之產品,所以無法滿足業者對於輪胎使用安全的期望。本研究利用RFID UHF被動式電子標籤,將標籤埋入胎層1.6釐米深度中,再將胎面膠固定回胎面上,透過標籤埋入胎層來辨識輪胎磨耗情形,並運用輪胎平衡器模擬車輛行進間輪胎運轉轉速情境,在輪胎平衡機上端配置五個模擬天線位置,並且加入輪胎旋轉轉速、雨水與砂石情境來驗證系統的可行性,期能有效並即時監測輪胎磨耗程度。

The modern industry rely on the public transportation increases day by day. But the
general transportation mainly emphasizes the function of the tire transmission. Thus, the
accidents caused due to the disregard of tire safety also day by day increases. In fact,
the general large vehicles are often use the tire of recycling remake , which are easily
worn out the tire tread. In tire safety, there are only tire pressure and temperature
monitoring systems on the market. The products of monitoring tire wear are still
unavailable. Therefore, manufacturers are always not meet their expectation of tire
safety. In the study, we can identify the tire wear condition by RFID passive tag
embedded in the ply tire and use the antenna arrangements and experiment to verify the
feasibility of the system which are expected to monitor the situation on the tire wear
level.

目 錄

中文摘要....................................................i
英文摘要...................................................ii
誌謝.....................................................iii
目錄......................................................iv
表目錄.....................................................vi
圖目錄....................................................vii
第一章 緒論................................................1
1.1 研究背景與動機......................................1
1.2 研究目的...........................................3
1.3 研究範疇...........................................4
第二章 文獻探討.............................................5
2.1 國內外相關研究......................................5
2.2 輪胎監測技術方法.....................................7
2.2.1 輪胎胎紋的影響................................10
2.2.2 TPMS間接測量系統......................................13
2.2.3 TPMS直接測量系統..............................16
2.3 現今輪胎磨耗監測方法比較.............................18
第三章 輪胎磨損因子與RFID技術................................21
3.1 輪胎結構辨識.......................................21
3.1.1 輪胎製程結構 ..........................................24
3.1.2 輪胎胎紋.............................................25
3.2 導致輪胎加速磨損相關因素.............................27
3.2.1 車輛輪胎損傷型式...............................28
3.2.2 輪胎行駛方向性................................31
3.3 無線射頻歷史發展架構................................34
3.3.1 電子標籤種類 ..................................35
3.3.2 射頻標籤.....................................37
第四章 研究方法............................................40
4.1 實驗規劃..........................................40
4.2 實驗硬體介紹.......................................44
4.2.1 輪胎平衡機...........................................44
4.2.2 RFID UHF電子標籤.............................45
4.2.3 RFID儀器測試規格..............................47
4.3 實驗配置..........................................48
4.3.1 輪胎動態情境配置...............................49
4.3.2 輪胎雨天情境配置...............................50
4.3.3 輪胎砂石情境配置...............................51
4.4 實驗方法..........................................53
4.5 實驗流程..........................................56
第五章 實驗結果分析.........................................57
5.1 實驗數據..........................................57
5.2 實驗分析..........................................59
5.2.1 動態情境實驗分析...............................59
5.2.2 雨天情境實驗分析...............................60
5.2.3 砂石情境實驗分析...............................62
5.3 實驗結果..........................................63
第六章 結論與未來展望.......................................66
6.1 結論.............................................66
6.2 未來展望..........................................68
參考文獻...................................................69


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