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研究生:李士煌
研究生(外文):Shih-Huang Lee
論文名稱:應用於射頻通訊產品之自動化測試系統的設計策略-以纜線數據機實體層量測為例
論文名稱(外文):Design Strategy of Automatic Testing System for RF Communication Product – Take Cable Modem Physical Layer Measurement as an Example
指導教授:賴柏洲賴柏洲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Po-Chou Lai
口試委員:詹勳鴻楊萬興王延年
口試日期:2012-01-06
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:電腦與通訊研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:94
中文關鍵詞:自動化測試工程自動化測試系統纜線數據機實體層
外文關鍵詞:ATEATSCable ModemPhysical Layer
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自動化測試工程(Automatic Testing Engineering; ATE)已行之有年,其廣泛應用在航太、軍事、商業等重要領域上。現今工廠生產這些領域產品,產線都以自動化測試方式來減少人力成本、增加量測準確度以及改進產品的品質。許多論文也都有發表自動化測試工程方面的研究,有些是討論量測技術、有些是討論儀表量測理論、亦有分析量測方法的。而本論文則著重從企業管理角度的觀點,舉出現今設計自動化測試系統(Automatic Testing System; ATS),所面臨到的問題,以及該如何採取那些方法,才能解決問題,進而設計出符合企業最佳利益與需求的測試系統。本論文共提出七項設計策略方向,有改進傳統自動化測試系統的設計缺失,亦有加入以往系統所欠缺的新設計,由實作系統效能得知,若以論文所提出的策略來設計,則此自動化測試系統的確是符合企業最佳利益與需求。其次,本論文是以實現纜線數據機(Cable Modem; CM)實體層(Physical Layer; PHY)的自動化測試系統來驗證。

Automatic Testing Engineering(ATE) has been implemented for several years. It is widely used in aerospace, military, commercial and other important fields. Nowadays, the production lines of factory intend to reduce labor cost, increase measurement accuracy and improve product quality by ATE. Many research papers has been published in the ATE field, including discussion of measurement techniques, the theory of instruments measurement and analysis of measurement method. This paper focuses on pointing out some problems for design of Automatic Testing System(ATS) from the point of view in enterprise management, and finding out some methods to solve those problems. This paper suggests seven of design strategies to solve these problems, some of which to improve the drawback of traditional ATS and others are to add new design for lack of ATS. From performance analysis, we can understand that to follow these strategies of this paper will create the best ATS for their need. In addition, this paper is based on Cable Modem(CM) Physical Layer(PHY) auto testing system for illustration.

中文摘要.........................................................................................................................i
英文摘要........................................................................................................................ii
誌 謝.......................................................................................................................iv
目 錄........................................................................................................................v
表 目 錄.....................................................................................................................viii
圖 目 錄.......................................................................................................................ix
第 一 章 緒論.............................................................................................................1
1.1 前言............................................................................................................1
1.2 研究動機與目的........................................................................................3
1.3 論文架構....................................................................................................3
第 二 章 傳統自動化測試系統架構簡介.................................................................4
2.1 控制器........................................................................................................4
2.1.1 儀器控制介面...............................................................................5
2.2 量測設備....................................................................................................6
2.3 交換網路....................................................................................................6
2.4 待測物........................................................................................................6
2.4.1 待測物控制介面...........................................................................6
2.5 測試程式集................................................................................................8
2.5.1 系統軟體平台...............................................................................8
2.5.2 軟體開發工具...............................................................................8
第 三 章 進階全自動化測試系統設計策略...........................................................11
3.1 採用進階文字檔(Windows ini)設計策略...............................................11
3.1.1 一般文字檔設計.........................................................................11
3.1.2 進階文字檔設計.........................................................................13
3.2 採用動態連結函式庫(DLL)設計策略...................................................15
3.3 切換信號路徑硬體盒(testset)設計策略.................................................18
3.4 以測試項目為導向的設計,不以產品作測試規劃的策略....................20
3.5 採用SNMP和console控制並行的設計策略.........................................23
3.5.1 SNMP的簡介.............................................................................23
3.6 考量使用不同廠牌量測儀器的設計策略..............................................25
3.7 多待測物的設計策略..............................................................................26
第 四 章 以纜線數據機實體層測試系統來實現設計策略...................................28
4.1 簡介實體層(PHY)測試系統設計...........................................................28
4.1.1 頻率偏移度測試(PHY-10)介紹.................................................28
4.1.2 上行頻道發射功率測試(PHY-12)介紹.....................................31
4.1.3 上行頻譜和頻帶外雜訊測試(PHY-17)介紹.............................36
4.1.3.1 頻譜平坦度測試(PHY-17)介紹..................................37
4.1.3.2 鄰頻道功率測試(PHY-17)介紹..................................39
4.1.3.3 諧波測試(PHY-17)介紹..............................................43
4.1.3.4 雜訊測試(PHY-17)介紹..............................................45
4.1.4 無功率存在時-雜訊測試(PHY-18)介紹....................................49
4.1.5 下行頻道接收功率測試(PHY-21)介紹.....................................54
4.1.6 調變誤碼率測試(PHY-24)介紹.................................................58
4.1.7 使用者介面整合設計.................................................................60
4.2 實現本論文策略的自動化測試系統......................................................63
4.2.1 進階文字檔(Windows ini)策略的實現......................................63
4.2.2 動態連結函式庫(DLL)策略的實現..........................................65
4.2.3 切換信號路徑硬體盒(testset)策略的實現................................66
4.2.4 以測試項目為導向策略的實現.................................................68
4.2.5 SNMP和console控制並行策略的實現....................................69
4.2.6 可使用不同廠牌量測儀器策略的實現.....................................70
4.3 實際效能分析..........................................................................................72
4.3.1 程式效能分析.............................................................................72
4.3.2 軟體成本效能分析.....................................................................73
4.3.3 離職交接效能分析.....................................................................74
4.3.4 量測時間效能分析.....................................................................75
4.3.5 人力成本效能分析.....................................................................76
4.3.6 設備成本效能分析.....................................................................77
4.3.7 產量效能分析.............................................................................78
第 五 章 結論...........................................................................................................79
5.1 未來改善議題..........................................................................................80
參考文獻.......................................................................................................................81
附 錄 A........................................................................................................................84
A-1 PHY-12整合使用者介面........................................................................84
A-2 PHY-12整合使用者介面程式碼1..........................................................84
A-3 PHY-12整合使用者介面程式碼2..........................................................85
附 錄 B........................................................................................................................86
B-1 PHY-12 Calibration使用者介面.............................................................86
B-2 PHY-12 Calibration程式碼迴圈0...........................................................86
B-3 PHY-12 Calibration程式碼迴圈1...........................................................87
B-4 PHY-12 Calibration程式碼迴圈2...........................................................87
B-5 PHY-12 Calibration程式碼迴圈3...........................................................88
B-6 PHY-12 Calibration程式碼迴圈4...........................................................88
B-7 PHY-12 Calibration程式碼迴圈5...........................................................89
B-8 PHY-12 Calibration程式碼迴圈6...........................................................89
B-9 PHY-12 Calibration程式碼迴圈7...........................................................90
附 錄 C........................................................................................................................91
C-1 PHY-12 ATP使用者介面.........................................................................91
C-2 PHY-12 ATP程式碼迴圈0......................................................................91
C-3 PHY-12 ATP程式碼迴圈1......................................................................92
C-4 PHY-12 ATP程式碼迴圈2......................................................................92
C-5 PHY-12 ATP程式碼迴圈3......................................................................93
C-6 PHY-12 ATP程式碼迴圈4......................................................................93
C-7 PHY-12 ATP程式碼迴圈5......................................................................94
C-8 PHY-12 ATP程式碼迴圈6......................................................................94

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