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研究生:洪熙君
研究生(外文):Si-Jyun Hung
論文名稱:應用於無線功率傳輸之圓極化半波與全波倍壓整流天線設計
論文名稱(外文):Design of Circularly Polarized Half&Full Wave Double Voltage Rectenna for the Applications of Wireless Power Transmission
指導教授:孫卓勳孫卓勳引用關係
口試委員:程光蛟賴柏洲林漢年
口試日期:2012-06-27
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:電腦與通訊研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:88
中文關鍵詞:無線功率傳輸圓極化半波與全波倍壓整流天線寬槽孔天線平衡-非平衡轉換器
外文關鍵詞:circularly polarizedhalf&full wave double voltage rectennawireless power transmissionwide-slot antennabalun
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本論文主要研究應用於無線功率傳輸之圓極化半波與全波倍壓整流天線設計,操作於無線微波頻段(microwave frequency)。包括了:一、圓極化寬槽孔天線之設計。藉由運用圓極化的原理與概念,使其在截取、接收傳播於自由空間中具任意極化之射頻電磁波能量時,不僅能有效降低多重路徑衰落,亦化解其於複雜環境傳播時,所引起的去極化等效應。二、利用晶片型元件完成平衡-非平衡轉換器(balun)、匹配網路、半波與全波倍壓整流電路之設計。將非平衡訊號轉換為平衡訊號,使後端電路充分利用正半週與負半週進行整流倍壓的動作;同時設計接收天線與倍壓整流電路間之阻抗匹配網路,進而提升整體之轉換效率。三、整流倍壓電路之設計。選擇適用於本論文規格之射頻蕭特基障壁二極體,藉此提高輸出直流電壓與系統轉換效率。
本論文所設計2.4 GHz之圓極化槽孔天線、平衡-非平衡轉換器、匹配網路、半波與全波倍壓整流電路,阻抗頻寬或軸比頻寬符合IEEE 802.11b(2.4~2.485 GHz)之規範,其天線增益約為2.2~3.2 dBi左右。本研究天線與電路整合其整體系統所接收最大電壓可達8.15伏特,而系統轉換效率最高可達81%。

In this thesis, circularly polarized(CP) half&full wave double voltage rectenna for the applications of wireless power transmission has been studied. This study includes: 1. Design of a circularly polarized wide-slot antenna which can reduce the multi-path fading efficiently and solve the depolarization effect of random polarization in free space and complicate environment. 2. Design of the balun and matching network by using the chip components. Through the balun to make unbalanced signals transfer into balanced signals, then the positive or negative signals could totally performed on back-end circuit. It can not only achieve the impedance matching between the receiver antenna and voltage-doubler rectifier, but also suppress the higher order harmonics efficiently. 3. Design of the voltage-doubler rectifying circuit. A RF schottky barrier diode suitable for the current specification and the requirement for design of the voltage-doubler rectifying circuit is selected as a rectifying device of the circuit to increase the output DC voltage and RF-to-DC conversion efficiency.
The proposed design of circular polarized slot antenna, balun, matching network and the half/full wave double voltage rectifier which exhibit bandwidth and axial ratio bandwidth are following the specification of IEEE 802.11b (2.4~2.485 GHz). The result of the antenna gain is about 2.2~3.2 dBi. With the present design, a maximum voltage of 8.15 V and a conversion efficiency of 81 % colud be attainable.

目 錄

中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌謝 iv
目錄 v
圖目錄 vii
表目錄 xii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機與方向 2
1.3 研究方法 7
1.4 論文大綱 8
第二章 整流天線系統與基礎理論概述 9
2.1 整流天線系統背景與架構概述 9
2.2 前端接收天線 11
2.2.1 天線的基本概述 11
2.2.2 天線極化種類與理論基礎 12
2.2.3 圓極化天線與理論基礎 16
2.3 平衡-非平衡轉換器 18
2.3.1 平衡-非平衡轉換器-HHM-1517簡介 21
2.4 匹配網路 23
2.4.1 匹配網路架構與理論基礎 24
2.5 整流倍壓電路暨濾波電容與負載電阻 30
2.5.1 半波及全波-整流倍壓電路之基本理論與概述 31
2.5.2 蕭特基二極體-HSMS-2862簡介 36
2.5.3 濾波電容 39
2.5.4 負載電阻 40
2.6無線功率傳輸系統量測機制 40
第三章 應用於2.45 GHz無線功率傳輸之圓極化天線設計 44
3.1 概述 44
3.2 圓極化槽孔天線之結構與設計 44
3.3 圓極化槽孔天線之模擬與參數探討 46
3.4圓極化槽孔天線之實測與結果分析 52
第四章 應用於2.45GHz無限功率傳輸之半波與全波倍壓整流電路設計 56
4.1 概述 56
4.2 應用於2.45 GHz之半波倍壓整流電路設計 56
4.3 應用於2.45 GHz之全波倍壓整流電路設計 71
4.4 整流天線之輸出直流電壓、系統轉換效率 77
第五章 結論與未來展望 81
參考文獻 83

參考文獻

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