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研究生(外文):Rui-Xian Wang
論文名稱(外文):Design and Implementation of CMOS RFICs for X-band Applications
外文關鍵詞:Active inductorWilkinson power dividerlow noise amplifier (LNA)X-band applications
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在本篇論文中提出操作在X頻帶一個微型化利用主動式電感的威爾金森功率分波器以及一個三級電流再利用的低雜訊放大器。在本篇中所提出來的這兩個電路皆使用TSMC 0.18-μm RF CMOS製程來實現。首先,以高自振頻率的主動式電感應用到集總式威爾金森功率分波器克服了被動電感在晶片上的限制。藉由主動式電感運用到電路上時,很明顯的可以同時達到縮小電路尺寸的特性。量測結果顯示在中心頻率有2 dB的插入損耗以及大於15 dB的反射損耗,同時在輸出端之間維持良好的隔離度。此集總式威爾金森功率分波器包含探測片的面積為0.65 mm×0.61 mm。其次也製造了一個具有低功率消耗、高增益特性,採用三級共源級架構電流再利用技術的低雜訊放大器。在源極和閘極之間連接一個大電阻值電阻來防止體極效應並減少雜訊指數。在此所提出來的低雜訊放大器模擬結果中,操作在11 GHz時可以達到22 dB的功率增益、3.2 dB的雜訊指數,以及輸入和輸出端的反射損耗皆大於15 dB,而在1.3伏和1.1伏的電源供應下只消耗了5mW。此電流再利用技術低雜訊放大器包含探測片的晶片面積為0.9 mm×0.65 mm。

In this thesis, a miniaturized Wilkinson power divider with active inductors, and a three-stage current-reuse LNA for X-band applications are presented. These proposed circuits are fabricated in a standard TSMC 0.18-μm RF CMOS process technology. Firstly, a lumped Wilkinson power divider with high self-resonant frequency active inductors is proposed to overcome the limitations of on-chip passive inductors. By using the active inductors for the circuit implementation, a significant size reduction can be achieved. The measured results show an insertion loss 2 dB and a return loss better than 15 dB at the center frequency while maintaining good isolation between the output ports. The area of the lumped Wilkinson power divider is 0.65mm×0.61mm including pads. Secondly, a current-reuse LNA, which adopts three-stage common source architecture, with high gain and low power consumption performance is also fabricated. A resistor with large resistance is connected between source and body node to prevent body effect and reduce noise figure. The simulated results of proposed LNA achieves 22 dB of power gain, 3.2 dB of noise figure, and both input and output return loss are better than 15 dB at 11 GHz, while consuming 5 mW from 1.3 V and 1.1 V supply. The chip area of the current-reuse LNA is 0.9 mm×0.65 mm including pads.

摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 III
Content IV
List of Figures VI
List of Tables VIII
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Motivation 2
1.2 Thesis Origination 2
Chapter 2 An Overview of Active Inductors 3
2.1 Quality Factor 3
2.2 Principles of Gyrator-C Active Inductors 4
2.3 Basic Active Inductors 6
2.4 An Improved Active Inductor with Cascode Architecture 7
2.5 An Improved Active Inductor with Regulated Cascode Architecture 9
Chapter 3 Implementation of Wilkinson Power Divider with Active Inductors 14
3.1 Lumped Wilkinson Power Divider 15
3.2 Wilkinson Power Divider with Active Inductors for X-band Application 16
3.3 Experiment Results 19
Chapter 4 Design and Measurement of a Current-Reuse Low Noise Amplifier 24
4.1 Typical Current-Reuse LNA Topology 25
4.2 The Presented Three Stages Current-Reuse Low Noise Amplifier Architecture 26
4.2.1 Input Impedance Matching 27
4.2.2 Input Stage Noise Analysis 28
4.2.3 NF Improvement with RBS 31
4.2.4 Gain Analysis 32
4.3 Simulation and Experiment Results 33
Chapter 5 Conclusion 41
Reference 43

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