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研究生:邱珮柔
研究生(外文):Pei-Jou Chiu
論文名稱:產學績優科技大學學生創業動機與創業潛能關係之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of the Relationship Between Entrepreneurial Motivation and Entrepreneurial Capability for Students at the Excellent Universities of Technology in Academia-Industry Cooperation
指導教授:張仁家張仁家引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jen-Chia Chang
口試委員:宋修德廖年淼
口試委員(外文):Hsiu-Te SungNyan-Myau Lyau
口試日期:2012-07-26
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:技術及職業教育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:100
中文關鍵詞:創業動機創業潛能創業教育創業能力
外文關鍵詞:Entrepreneurial MotivationEntrepreneurial CapabilityEntrepreneurial EducationEntrepreneruial Ability
相關次數:
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創業為許多人不斷追求的目標,國內創業比例更是逐年攀升,其原因不外乎為經濟不穩定、個人理想及為了賺取更多的金錢等多項因素所引起,促使人們從在學階段就開始考量是否自行創業;其中,科技大學教育比一般大學較著於專業知識與實用技能的根深柢固,對於社會經濟發展與景氣變化也具有一定的認知與敏銳度。本研究主要根據高等教育評鑑中心評量99年度產學合作表現前1、2名並有辦理創業教育科技大學的學生為研究對象,並以「科技大學學生創業動機與創業潛能之調查問卷」為研究工具,俾確實瞭解其創業動機與創業潛能的知覺與相關情形。
本研究共計發出1,265份問卷,有效問卷1,053份,回收率達83.1%。以描述性統計、單一樣本t檢定、獨立樣本t檢定、單因子變異數分析、皮爾遜積差相關、多元迴歸分析等統計方法進行資料分析,獲得以下主要結論如下:
一、科技大學學生創業動機與創業潛能知覺程度皆達中高程度。
二、「有修習創業教育的經驗」、「家人有創業經驗」、「有參與社團並擔任幹部的經驗」、「有長期工讀經驗」的科技大學學生,其創業動機的知覺程度較高。
三、「男性」、「家人有創業經驗」及「有參與社團並擔任幹部的經驗」的科技大學學生,其創業潛能的知覺程度較高。
四、科技大學學生之創業動機與創業潛能,兩者有顯著的正相關存在。
五、創業動機中內在動機與外在動機、個人背景變項中男性與有擔任社團幹部的經驗對創業潛能具有預測情形。
根據本研究之結果與發現,提出若干建議,分別提供使用本量表之評估者、政府與民間團體、辦理創業教育的科技大學、欲創業的科技大學學生及後續研究者作為參考。

Most people’s purpose was to have their own business. The percentage of domestic entrepreneurs had increased year after year due to the fact of economic instability, personal goal and made more money etc. factors. Therefore, people had considered entrepreneurship even when they were at school. Universities of technology education is more emphasis on establish base professional information and practical skills than general universities, and students at universities of technology had more cognizant and acuity on economic’s and future economic situations’s development. The study’s research shows that students at the excellent university of technology in Higher Education Evaluation & Accreditation Council evaluate 2010 academia-industry cooperation and have executed entrepreneurial education. The study used entrepreneurial motivation and entrepreneurial capability questionnaire was developed as instrument in order that comprehend their perceptions and relationship between the two.
1,265 questionnaires were distributed and 1,053 effective questionnaires which accounted for 83.1%. Finally, this study achieved the following results through descriptive statistics, one-sample t-test, independent-sample t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson’s product-moment correlation, and multiple regression analysis were adopted and the conclusions were as follows:
1.The entrepreneurial motivation and entrepreneuriall capability of student’s perceptions were beyond the average level.
2.Students at universities of technology with the experience of taking entrepreneurial education, entrepreneurial experience of family, involvement campus and be a core member, working experience more than three years have higher entrepreneurial motivation.
3.Students at universities of technology with male, entrepreneurial experience of family, involvement campus, and be a core member have higher entrepreneurial capability.
4.Significant positive correlation resulted from the entrepreneurial motivation and entrepreneurial capability.
5.Internal motivation, external motivation, male, and involvement campus and be a core member can significantly predict entrepreneurial capability.
Based on the results, the suggestions are provided for use the scale to assess, government and civic organization, execute entrepreneurial education in university of technology, students who want to create their own business and follow-up studies as a reference.

中文摘要 ......................................................................................................................... i
英文摘要 .......................................................................................................................iii
目錄 ............................................................................................................................... v
表圖次 .......................................................................................................................... vii
第一章 緒論 ................................................................................................................ 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 .......................................................................................... 1
第二節 研究目的與待答問題 .................................................................................. 3
第三節 研究方法與步驟 .......................................................................................... 4
第四節 研究範圍與限制 .......................................................................................... 6
第五節 名詞釋義 ...................................................................................................... 8
第二章 文獻探討 ........................................................................................................ 9
第一節 創業動機之意涵 .......................................................................................... 9
第二節 創業潛能之意涵 ........................................................................................ 19
第三節 創業動機與創業潛能之相關研究 ............................................................ 26
第三章 研究設計與實施 .......................................................................................... 33
第一節 研究架構 .................................................................................................... 33
第二節 研究對象與取樣 ........................................................................................ 34
第三節 研究工具 .................................................................................................... 36
第四節 實施程序 .................................................................................................... 38
第五節 資料處理與分析方法 ................................................................................ 42
第四章 結果分析與討論 .......................................................................................... 45
第一節 樣本資料分析 ............................................................................................ 45
第二節 科技大學學生創業動機與創業潛能之知覺情形 .................................... 47
第三節 不同背景變項在科技大學學生創業動機與創業潛能之差異情形 ........ 50
第四節 科技大學學生創業動機與創業潛能之相關分析 .................................... 71
第五節 個人背景變項與創業動機各層面對創業潛能之預測力分析 ................ 73
vi
第五章 結論與建議 .................................................................................................. 75
第一節 結論 ............................................................................................................ 75
第二節 建議 ............................................................................................................ 78
參考文獻 ...................................................................................................................... 83
附錄一 科技大學學生創業動機與創業潛能之調查問卷(預試問卷) ................ 93
附錄二 科技大學學生創業動機與創業潛能之調查問卷(正式問卷)................ 97

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