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研究生:陳昆宏
研究生(外文):Kun-Hung Chen
論文名稱:輻射冷卻地板系統應用於台灣地區一般住宅之研究
論文名稱(外文):A study of Thermally Activated Building Systems in Taiwan''s general residential
指導教授:楊安石楊安石引用關係
指導教授(外文):An-Shik Yang
口試委員:鄭江河施陽正
口試委員(外文):Chiang-Ho ChengYang-Cheng Shih
口試日期:2012-06-25
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:能源與冷凍空調工程系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:其他工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:57
中文關鍵詞:輻射冷卻地板系統空調熱輻射
外文關鍵詞:TABSAir ConditioningThermal Radiation
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台灣地處亞熱帶,冷凍空調之耗電量佔全年能源需求40%以上,合理化降低能源使用量及開發再生能源為當前重要之兩大課題。而建築物設計上若能結合輻射冷卻地板,利用建築物本身之混凝土熱儲存特性,結合地下水、湖泊或夜間運轉冰水機提供之能源,應可降低白天用電高峰期之需求及進一步降低冷凍空調系統之容量,使能源耗費能提高效率及降低碳排放,使建築物能往節能建築方向靠近。本文將先行以eQUEST建物模擬軟體為現有樣本進行模擬,現有樣本為荷蘭阿姆師特丹附近一棟辦公大樓之實測數據,該大樓使用輻射冷卻地板結合湖泊低溫水之系統有效地降低白天用電高峰期。之後以台灣地區一般住宅為設計樣本,同樣以eQUEST進行模擬,並進行與現有樣本之比對分析,結果表明:改變建築物其他參數(如外牆及玻璃窗戶),當外牆採用鋼筋混凝土牆時,總耗電量會提昇60%。但使用單層玻璃之窗戶,總耗電量只提昇2%,顯示選用U值較好的外牆,可節省更多的能量。

As located in the subtropical zone, Taiwan’s power consumption generated from refrigeration and air-conditioning has taken up more than 40% of its total annual energy demand. Hence, reasonable reduction of power consumption and development of renewable energy have turned out to be two crucial issues in this day and age. When it comes to buildings, if Thermally Activated Building Systems can be integrated into the design by combining the building’s concrete thermal storage characteristic with groundwater, lakes and the energy provided by the night operating chiller, the energy demand required during the daytime peak period shall be reduced and the capacity of the refrigeration and air-conditioning system shall further slip. In so doing, energy will be consumed more efficiently and carbon emissions will be cut down, so buildings can be more energy efficient. This paper first used the eQUEST building simulation software to simulate existing samples. The existing samples came from the empirical data of an office building near Amsterdam in the Netherlands. The building has combined radiant cooling floors with the lake’s low-temperature water system to effectively alleviate heavy power consumption in the daytime peak period. Afterwards, the paper used general residences in Taiwan as design samples. Likewise, eQUEST was used for simulating and giving analysis of comparison with existing samples. The result shows that other parameters of the building change (e.g. outer walls and glass windows), the total power consumption would vary. For instance, the total power consumption would increase by 60% when using ferroconcrete outer walls, but it would only be up 2% if using one-layer glass windows. It illustrates that adopting a better U value for outer walls could conserve more energy.

摘 要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌 謝 iv
目 錄 v
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究動機 1
1.2研究目的 5
1.3文獻回顧 7
第二章 理論分析 11
2.1熱輻射地板系統理論分析 11
2.1.1熱輻射地板系統介紹 11
2.2熱傳遞介紹 13
2.2.1熱傳導 13
2.2.2熱對流 14
2.2.3熱輻射 15
2.2.4整體熱傳效率 16
2.3計算分析軟體eQUEST說明 17
第三章 模擬方法 19
3.1模型建構 19
3.1.1影響空調負荷因子 19
3.1.2空調負荷参數 19
3.1.2.1氣候分區及建築方位 19
3.1.2.2建築構造及玻璃之熱傳率 20
3.1.3標準辦公建築模型 22
3.1.3.1建築物模型 22
3.1.3.2室內發熱源 24
3.1.3.3空調系統 26
3.2模擬條件與步驟 29
第四章 結果與討論 30
4.1模擬條件比對 30
4.1.1冷卻曲線比對 30
4.1.2耗能曲線比對 32
4.2模擬結果 34
4.2.1台灣城市之建物耗能 34
4.2.2不同方位之建物耗能 35
4.2.3不同外牆之建物耗能 37
4.2.4不同玻璃之建物耗能 38
4.2.5不同室內溫度之建物耗能 39
第五章 結論 40
參考文獻 42
符號彙編 57


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