跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(34.204.180.223) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/08/01 17:03
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:邱褚淵
研究生(外文):Chu-Yuan chiou
論文名稱:藍芽室內定位技術實現居家物品協尋系統
論文名稱(外文):Indoor object tracking system via Bluetooth Technology
指導教授:李達生李達生引用關係
指導教授(外文):Da-sheng Lee
口試委員:李其源林啟瑞
口試委員(外文):Chi-Yuan LeeChii-Ruey Lin
口試日期:2012-06-28
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:能源與冷凍空調工程系碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:其他工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:74
中文關鍵詞:藍芽定位訊號強度法平板天線電力線傳輸系統
外文關鍵詞:Bluetoothindoor positioning systempower line communication
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:3
  • 點閱點閱:1069
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本文設計一套可直接使用廢棄手機之藍芽裝置,建構一套居家定位系統。
此系統包含三項技術應用:其一為室內定位法,透過接收訊號強度法(RSSI)進行定位,但考慮空間中有過多的訊號干擾與繞射,導致訊號強度的誤差,並建立演算法,以提高精準度;其二為天線設計,為加強藍芽模組所搭配之單極天線,因其不具有指向性,對於應用在家中進行物品偵測之效果並不佳,為此,本研究自行開發指向性天線,加強特定位置之傳輸與接收訊號靈敏度及接收訊號準位,以強化定位精準度,並透過微波暗室量測出天線於各角度的接收效果;其三為裝置與電力線傳輸系統(PLC)之結合,以克服藍芽通訊上至多七個節點的限制,因此藍芽裝置在空間中搜尋完畢,即透過電力線將訊號回傳至主機,此方法不但解決佈點問題,同時也降低藍芽節點在2.45GHz頻寬中過多封包的互相干擾,導致回傳主機的封包碰撞而造成遺失。
整合三項技術之應用,經實際測試後證明,本文所提出定位系統之精準度達55%時,定位誤差為0.73m。

The proposes of this research is a system model for localizing and tracking Bluetooth devices by having sensor nodes measure the RSSI value of the tracked device.
This system combines with three techniques of Bluetooth. By transferred collected signal values from three different Bluetooth nodes, and base on the power of the signal between each node to track the object location. Due to the signal interfere and diffraction in the space, which affected the accuracy of object tracking, we used three technologies to perfective this tracking system.
The first, we design the directional antenna to replace the monopole antenna, due to directional antenna allow to radiate greater power in one, or more directions. Able to increased performance on transmit and receive, also reduced interference from unwanted sources.
The second, we apply a Minimum Mean Square Error Method (MMSE) to minimum the position inaccuracy of indoor wireless network.
The third, Bluetooth systems have a restricted number of seven connecting nodes in the same time. In order to overcome this problem, Bluetooth nodes are connect to the power supply, and integrated Power Line Communication system with this object tracking system.
In a case study, routers are inserted into wall sockets distributed at a PC room in a dimension of 7.5 m long and 5.6m width. For several tests, the location is estimated and the average error distance is 0.73m.


目錄
摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
誌謝 IV
目錄 V
表目錄 VIII
圖目錄 IX
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.1.1 回收舊手機再現新生機 1
1.1.2 台灣目前現況 2
1.2 設計動機 4
1.2.1 手機汰換率過高 4
1.2.2 智慧家庭發展限制 5
1.2.3 協助物品搜尋 6
1.3 文獻回顧 7
1.3.1 室內定位系統: 7
1.3.2 室內無線定位系統: 8
第二章 原理介紹與系統原件 18
2.1 定位原理介紹 18
2.1.1 抵達時間法 19
2.1.2 抵達時間差法 22
2.1.3 抵達角度法 23
2.1.4 接收訊號強度法 24
2.1.5 路徑衰減模型 26
2.2 系統元件介紹 28
2.2.1 藍芽技術 28
2.2.2 天線簡介 32
2.2.3 電力線傳輸系統 33
第三章 實驗架構與方法 35
3.1 系統架構 35
3.2 系統硬體 37
3.2.1 藍芽裝置 37
3.2.2 電力線傳輸系統 38
3.2.3 天線 41
3.3 演算法 46
3.3.1 定位演算法 46
3.3.2 誤差修正演算法 50
3.4 實驗場域 52
第四章 實驗結果與討論 53
4.1 藍芽模組單極天線定位系統 53
4.2 藍芽模組加裝平板天線定位系統 55
4.3 結果比較 56
4.4 天線角度修正 58
4.5 導入電力線傳輸系統實驗結果 65
4.6 顯示介面 66
4.7 相關定位技術比較 67
第五章 結論與未來展望 68
5.1 結論 68
5.2 未來展望 70
參考文獻 71


[1]星島日報,http://www.singtaousa.com/041812/sf22.php
[2]新浪科技,http://tech.sina.com.cn/t/2011-04-23/02485441168.shtml
[3]China.com http://big5.china.com/gate/big5/tech.china.com/news/tel/896/20120406/17131874.html
[4]國際電信聯盟,http://www.itu.int/en/pages/default.aspx
[5]美國環保研究機構INFORM,
http://www.informinc.org/pages/what-you-can-do/take-action/recycle-your-cell-phone.html
[6]環保署,http://ivy2.epa.gov.tw/mobile/index.htm
[7]中興保全,www.mycasa.com.tw
[8]locata corporation, http://www.locatacorp.com/
[9]R. Wanty, A. Hopper, V. Falco, J. Gibbons,”The Active Badge Location System”, Volume 10, Issue 1, ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 1992, pp. 91-102
[10]A. Ward, A. Jones, A. Hopper, “A New Location Technique for the Active office”, Volume 4, Issue 5, IEEE Wireless Communications, 1997, pp. 42-47
[11]A. Hopper, P. Steggles, A.Ward, P. Webster, ”The Anatomy of a context –Aware Application”, Volume 8, Issue 2/3, Wireless Networks, 2002, pp.187-197
[12]N. B. Priyantha, A. Chakraborty, H. balakrishnan, “the cricket location-support system”, The 6th ACM International Conference on Mobile Computing and Networking,Boston, MA, USA, Auguest 2000.
[13]P. Bahl, V. N Padmanabhan, ”RADAR: An In-building RF-based User Location and Tracking System”, Volume 2, IEEE Computer and Communications Conference, 2000, pp. 775-784.
[14]J Hightower, C Vakili, G Borriello, R Want, “Design and Calibration of the SpotON Ad-Hoc Location Sensing System”,2001
[15]L. M. Ni, Y. Liu, Y. C. Lau ,A. P. Patil “LANDMARC: Indoor Location Sensing Using Active RFID” Proceedings of the First IEEE international Conference on Pervasive Computing and Communications, pp. 407-415, March 2003.
[16]W. Tsai, H. Y. Chung, “Design an Innovative Localization Engines into WSN via ZigBee and SOC”, Proceedings of 2008 CACS International Automatic Control Conference National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan, Nov. 21-23, 2008.
[17]Y. Y. Cheng, Member, IEEE and Yi-Yuan Lin, “A New Received Signal Strength Based Location Estimation Scheme for Wireless Sensor Network”, IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronic, Vol. 55,No.3, 2009 , pp.1295-1299
[18]C. N. Huang, C.T. Chan, “ZigBee-based indoor location system by k-nearest neighbor algorithm with weighted RSSI”, The 2nd International Conference on Ambient Systems, Networks and Technologies,2011, pp.58-65.
[19]Sheng Zhou, John K. Pollard, “Position Measurement using Bluetooth” , IEEE Transactions on Consumer 556 Electronics, Volume 52, No. 2, 2006,pp. 555-558
[20]T. M. Fern’andez, J. Rodas, C. J. Escudero, D. I. Iglesia, “Bluetooth Sensor Network Positioning System with Dynamic Calibration”, IEEE ISWCS, 2007, pp.45-49.
[21]A. Kotanen, M. Hannikainen, H. Leppakoski, Timo D. Hamalainen, “Experiments on Local Positioning with Bluetooth”, Proceeding. of the International. Conf. on Information Technology: Computers and Communications, 2003.
[22]F. AGOSTARO, F. COLLURA, A. GENCO, S. SORCE, “Problems and solutions in setting up a low-cost Bluetooth positioning system”, SEAS Transactions on Computers (ISSN 1109-2750), issue 4, vol. 3, Oct. 2004, pag. 1102-1106, presentato al convegno internazionale WSEAS “EHAC 2004”, Salisburgo, 13-15 febbraio 2004
[23]S. Feldmann, K. Kyamakya, A. Zapater, Z. Lue, “An indoor Bluetooth-based positioning system: concept, Implementation and experimental evaluation” , ICWN''03, June 23-26, 2003, Las Vegas, USA
[24]K.C. Cheung, S.S. Intille, and K. Larson, “An Inexpensive Bluetooth-Based Indoor Positioning Hack” , In Proceedings of UbiComp 2006 Extended Abstracts. Springer-Verlag, 2006
[25]T. Fernandez, J. Rodas, C. Escudero, D. Iglesia, “Bluetooth sensor network positioning system with dynamic calibration, in: Wireless Communication Systems”, 2007. ISWCS 2007. 4th International Symposium on, 2007, pp. 45-49.
[26]Y. Wang, X. Jia, and H. Lee, "An indoors wireless positioning system based on wireless local area network infrastructure," in Proceedings of the 6th International Symposium on Satellite Navigation Technology Including Mobile Positioning and Location Services, 2003
[27]P. Prasithsangaree , P. Krishnamurthy and P. K. Chrysanthis, ”On Indoor Position Location with Wireless LANs” , Proceedings of the 13th IEEE International Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communication, Vol.2,2002, pp.720-724.
[28]B. H. Wellenhoff, H. Lichtenegger and J. Collins, ”Global Positioning System: Theory and Practice ” , Fouth Edition Springer Verlag, 1997.
[29]G. L. Quian , ”TD-SCDMA service a high performance/price accuratelocating technology” , China PUTIAN Institute.
[30]Rong-Biao Zhang, Jian-Guang Guo∗, Fu-Huan Chu, Ye-Cheng Zhang, “Environmental-adaptive indoor radio path loss model for wireless sensor networks localization”, International Journal of Electronic and Communications(AEU), pp.1023-1031, 2011
[31] 杉浦章彥,藍芽技術解說,台北市:全華出版社,2001
[32] Home Plug Powerline Alliance, https://www.homeplug.org/home/
[33] http://www.radartutorial.eu/06.antennas/an05.en.html
[34]Y. Ohta, M. Sugano, M. Mmurata, “Autonomous Localization Method in Wireless Sensor Networks” Pervasive Computing and Communications Workshops, 2005, Third IEEE International Conference, 8-12 March 2005, pp.379-384.


連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top