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研究生:劉明達
研究生(外文):Ming-Ta Liu
論文名稱:進階監控電路板設計與實作
論文名稱(外文):Design and Implementation of Advanced Monitoring Circuit Board
指導教授:黃士嘉黃士嘉引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shih-Chia Huang
口試委員:張原豪黃文增蔡偉和
口試委員(外文):Wen-Tzeng HuangWei-Ho Tsai
口試日期:2012-07-20
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:電資碩士在職專班研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:54
中文關鍵詞:FPGAVGADVI感測器RS-232
外文關鍵詞:FPGAVGAS-VideoSensorRS-232
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本研究為實作型的論文,主要是以FPGA系統作為架構,電路設計上分為兩個部分,以開發視頻處理電路作為主要核心。它是透過液晶電視控制器來完成類比及數位訊號轉換及影像上的縮小放大等功能,支援的輸入類比訊號端子有VGA、S-Video、CVBS及 YPbPr 四款,且另外還支援數位訊號端子DVI。此外輸出後的解析度可選擇1024 x 768或者1280 x 1024,另外有整合亮度、對比及色彩飽和度等功能。
第二部分為監控相關電路,主要是利用傾斜計、壓力計及加速度計等相關感測儀器,來量測監控土木建築物等使用情形。之後將量測到的數據,傳送至本研究中的電路板,再透過本電路板中的RS-232或RJ45介面連接至電腦,可讓操作員作即時偵測。也可透過CF card儲存Raw Data,進行長時間的監測。另外支援紅外線的收發器,作為待測物之間的同步觸發。還整合了GPS Receiver Module,主要是用來與測試機器內的RTC作時間同步。


Mainly in the research of the FPGA system-based, circuit design is divided into two parts. The development of video processing circuit is as the main core. This first plan named after “Video Processing Circuit Board” makes the analog, the digital signal conversion, and the image to be zoomed in or out by a LCD TV controller, such as the input analog signal interface(VGA, S-Video, CVBS, YPbPr), and the digital signal interface DVI. In addition, “1024 x 768” or “1280 x 1024” as the output resolution, and the functions of the integrated brightness, contrast, and color saturation could be selected.
The second part, Monitor circuit primarily is made use of the sensors(Tiltmeter, Manometer, and Accelerometer) to measure and monitor the usage status of civil engineering buildings. After the measured-data is transmitted to the circuit board, and connected into the computer through the RS-232 or RJ45 interface, the operator could detect in time. Besides, he could make a long period of monitoring according to the raw-data stored into CF card. In addition, the infrared transceiver supported not only as as a trigger synchronization between the analyte but also makes a GPS Receiver Module incorporated. It is primarily used to synchronize with the time of the RTC in the test machine.


中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
第一章 導論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 研究內容與目標 1
1.3 論文內容概述 2
第二章 相關文獻探討 3
第三章 視頻處理系統規格與介面 4
3.1 規格介紹 4
3.2 輸出入介面 4
第四章 視頻處理平台架構 10
4.1 平台整體架構 10
4.2 視頻處理系統的硬體架構 10
4.2.1 操作介面 11
4.2.2 電源部分 13
4.2.3 液晶電視控制器(FLI8538) 14
4.2.4 快閃記憶體 17
4.2.5 動態記憶體 19
4.2.6 FPGA功能介紹 20
第五章 視頻處理器動作原理 21
5.1 輸入信號規格 21
5.1.1 類比輸入信號 21
5.1.2 類比輸入信號 22
5.2 規格圖像處理 23
5.3 FPGA 24
5.4 DVI輸出 26
第六章 視頻處理電路板佈局 27
第七章 監控系統平台架構 29
7.1 平台整體架構 29
7.2 監控系統的硬體架構 30
7.2.1 電源電路 31
7.2.2 EP3C16Q240處理器 35
7.2.3 被動矩陣式的液晶顯示器 35
7.2.4 感測儀器 36
7.2.5 CF Card 38
7.2.6 串列通訊介面 38
7.2.7 GPS 41
7.2.8 Optical Fiber 42
第八章 監控系統電路板佈局 43
第九章 實驗分析 45
9.1 電源部分 45
9.2 感測儀器訊號 47
9.3 NIOS II 48
9.4 Quartus II 48
第十章 結論 50
第十一章 未來展望 51
參考文獻 52


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