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研究生:洪健閔
研究生(外文):Chien-Min Hun
論文名稱:技術創新流程之主要機制的權重指標研究—以台灣平面顯示器之研發為例
論文名稱(外文):The main mechanism’s weight target research of the Technological Innovation Procedure – The Taiwan FPD as an example
指導教授:李金連李金連引用關係
口試委員:吳俊傑葉惠娟杜壯
口試日期:2011-12-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:電資碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:68
中文關鍵詞:平面顯示器技術創新修正式德爾菲法評估指標分析網路程序法
外文關鍵詞:Flat Panel Display (FPD)Technologhy InnovationModified Delphi MethodEvaluation IndexesAnalytic Network Process (ANP)
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平面顯示器產業的特性為資本密集、技術密集、產品生命週期短、生產線技術更替速度快、專利數多、國際化分工現象普遍,且價格較易處於波動不定之非穩定平衡狀態,故本研究旨在建構平面顯示器技術創新流程技術主要機制的權重指標,期能提供台灣平面顯示器產業技術創新人員一個客觀的運作模式評量指標,並作為技術創新人員調整技術創新時運作模式的參考,更進一步為FPD產業面對專利堡壘時的參考依據。
本文透過產品開發模式、技術創新管理以及知識財產管理系統三個面向的文獻進行研究與探討,進而提出技術創新管理系統。以台灣平面顯示器產業的相關研發人員作為研究之對象,透過修正式德爾菲法分析,並確立技術創新管理系統中之主要流程機制作為評估指標的項目,並使用分析網路程序法對於各評估指標細項之重要程度進行權重分配。
研究結果顯示:以台灣平面顯示器產業界而言,在所有技術創新的構面中「創新技術價值」所佔比例為44.33%,為進行技術創新時運作模式中最重要的一環;在所有的技術創新的機制中「專利申請或技術發表」在技術人員進行技術創新時的重要程度高達20.00%,這一數據呈現目前台灣平面顯示器產業之研發人員於從事技術創新時的運作創新模式。


Flat Panel Display (FPD) industry, the characteristics of capital-intensive, technology-intensive, short product life cycles, technological change speed production line, more than the number of patents, international division of labor in general, and easier in the fluctuating price of non-steady balance, this study aims to provide for Taiwan FPD industry, the main mechanism of technological innovation process weight indicators, a view to provide Taiwan FDP industry technology innovators an objective assessment of the operation target, and adjust as technological innovation, technological innovation, when the operating staff mode of reference, further bulwark for the FPD industry, when faced with patent reference.

This study is through product development model, technology innovation management, and intellectual property management system for the three literature research and discussion, and to make technological innovation management system. Taiwan FDP industry-related R&D personnel as a research object, by amending the Modified Delphi Method analysis and to establish a technology innovation management system as the primary mechanism of the process of project evaluation indicators, and use the Analytic Network Process (ANP) evaluation indicators for the breakdown of the importance of the weight distribution.

The results showed that " Innovated Technical Value," the proportion of 44.33%, for the operation of technical innovation at the most important part, and in all the elements of technological innovation " Patent Apply or Publish," in technical innovation and technical personnel the importance of time of up to 20.00%, thus view to provide R&D personnel engaged in the operation of technological innovation when innovation modelling reference.


摘 要 i
ABSTRACT iii
目錄 v
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究流程 2
1.4 研究限制 4
第二章 文獻探討 5
2.1 技術創新方式 5
2.2 技術創新的運作模式 13
2.3 德爾菲法說明 16
2.3.1 德爾菲法簡介 16
2.3.2 德爾菲法基本假設 17
2.3.3 德爾菲法運用要點 18
2.3.4 德爾菲法的優缺點 19
2.3.5 修正式德爾菲法 19
2.4 分析網路程序法(Analytic Network Process)說明 22
2.4.1分析網路程序法的基本假設 23
2.4.2分析網路程序法的決策程序 24
2.4.3 AHP與ANP之比較 26
第三章 研究方法 27
3.1 問題描述 27
3.2 研究架構 27
3.3 技術創新流程之評估指標研擬 28
3.4 修正式德爾菲法專家問卷設計與調查 29
3.4.1 修正式德爾菲法專家問卷設計 29
3.5 ANP專家問卷調查資料設計與調查 31
3.5.1 ANP專家問卷設計 31
第四章 結果與討論 34
4.1 修正式德爾菲法調查問卷資料統計與討論 34
4.1.1 修正式德爾菲法問卷調查之結果 34
4.1.2 技術創新流程之主要機制建立 37
4.2 ANP專家問卷調查與演算分析 37
4.2.1 ANP專家問卷調查結果 37
4.2.2 ANP決策程序之模型建構 44
第五章 結論與建議 45
5.1 結論 45
5.2 研究貢獻 47
5.3 未來研究方向與建議 47
參考文獻 49
附錄A 修正式德爾菲專家問卷 53
附錄B ANP問卷 56


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