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研究生:陳怡倩
研究生(外文):Yi-Chien Chen
論文名稱:「我一生中,只有虛無、熱諷、輕蔑和高潮嗎?」:伍迪.艾倫電影中倫理道德探討
論文名稱(外文):“Is my whole life nihilism, cynicism, sarcasm, and orgasm?”: Ethics in the Films of Woody Allen
指導教授:葛瑞斐葛瑞斐引用關係
指導教授(外文):John Griffith
口試委員:貝格泰霍弘毅余盛延
口試委員(外文):Hannes BergthallerThomas WallSheng-Yen Yu
口試日期:2012-01-17
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:應用英文系碩士班
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:93
中文關鍵詞:伍迪艾倫倫理美國夢誠信正義
外文關鍵詞:Woody Allenethicsthe American dreamintegrityjustice
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幽默不只是伍迪.艾倫的電影中搞笑的主題。艾倫的電影中充斥著許多複雜的道德議題,而我們想知道他的電影是否為倫理片。我認為,在曼哈頓、愛與罪及解構哈利中,艾倫重新表述西方傳統的老舊道德觀。他有自己的美國夢和主觀的倫理思想。因為他的看法不但複雜、矛盾,又不同於其他人的道德體系,所以我們既不能斷定他的電影完全與道德不相關,也不能將其視為倫理片。我之所以選這三部電影來做討論,是因為他們能讓我們思考不同的道德觀念。在這三部電影中,艾倫以以撒、猶大與哈利來表明他的現代道德觀。在曼哈頓中,以撒有自己的美國夢,尤其是誠信的美德。然而,因為當以撒了解到他沒辦法在一個腐敗的社會中實現他的美國夢,他的夢想就破滅了,所以這部電影也代表美國夢的幻滅。愛與罪中,有個主要的矛盾道德議題:在現代的社會中,因為我們是不完美的,而且在尋求我們的愛與幸福時,我們的行為經常是自私的,所以我們想知道是否能夠不只快樂地生活,又能遵守道德規範。在解構哈利中,我們看到,在一個由普遍道德體系管制的社會裡,雖然哈利和艾倫主觀的倫理思想帶來一定程度的幸福,但是也讓他們與其他人疏遠。

Humor is often more than a laughing matter in the films of Woody Allen. He fills his films with many complicated moral issues, but we are left wondering if his films are ethical or not. I argue that in Manhattan, Crimes and Misdemeanors, and Deconstructing Harry Woody Allen reformulates older concepts of classical western ethics for his generation. He has his own version of the American dream and his own subjective ethics. His views are complicated, paradoxical, and different from other people’s ethical system, so we cannot judge his films as completely unethical or ethical. The reason why I choose these three films for my discussion on ethics is that they (these films) force us to contemplate different ethical perspectives. Allen uses Isaac, Judah, and Harry in these three films to show his concepts of modern ethics. In Manhattan, Isaac has his own concept of the American dream, which depends heavily on the ethical virtue of integrity. However, this film also represents the decay of the American dream because Isaac is disillusioned when he realizes that he will never achieve his dreams in his corrupt society. The paradoxical moral issue in Crimes and Misdemeanors is mainly that we wonder if we can live ethically and happily in our modern society because we are imperfect and usually act selfishly when we pursue our love and our happiness. In Deconstructing Harry, we can see that both Harry and Allen have their subjective ethics, which bring a measure of happiness, but still alienate them from others in a society which is regulated by a system of universal ethics.

Chinese Abstract---------------i
Abstract-------------------------ii
Acknowledgment-------------iv
Table of Contents--------------v
Chapter 1 Introduction------------1
Chapter 2 The American Dreams in Manhattan and in The Great
Gatsby--------5
2.1 Introduction-----------5
2.2 Allen’s and Fitzgerald’s American dreams and their
decay-------9
2.3 Isaac’s ethical concerns in Manhattan---------13
2.4 The relation between Manhattan and The Great
Gatsby-------18
2.5 Conclusion-----------25
Chapter 3 Responsibility, Justice, Practical Wisdom, and
Friendship: An Aristotelian Ethical Analysis of
Crimes and Misdemeanors-----29
3.1 Introduction--------29
3.2 Analysis of characters in the film based on four
Aristotelian concepts and religion----------------38
3.3 Conclusion---------------65
Chapter 4 Ethics and Aesthetics: Aristotelian and Kantian
Analysis of Deconstructing Harry--------------68
4.1 Introduction------------68
4.2 Discussion on the relation between Harry’s novels and
his real life based on concepts of imitation, tragedy,
and comedy in Poetics--------74
4.3 Analysis of the relation between ethics and art in the
film in terms of The Critique of Judgment----------77
4.4 Conclusion---------------65
Conclusion------------------89
Works Cited-----------------90
References-------------------92


WORKS CITED

Allen, Woody. Four Films of Woody Allen. New York: Random House, 1982.

Aristotle. The Nicomachean Ethics. Trans. David Ross. Rev. J. L. Ackrill and J. O. Urmson. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1998.

───. On The Art of Poetry. Trans. Ingram Bywater. Oxford: Clarendon P, 1962.

Bewley, Marius. “Scott Fitzgerald’s Criticism of America.” Twentieth Century Interpretation of The Great Gatsby. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall Inc., 1968. 37-53.

Björkman, Stig. Woody Allen on Woody Allen: In Conversation with Stig Björkman. London: Faber and faber, 1994.

Clarke, David B. The Cinematic City. London: Routledge, 1997.

Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Great Gatsby. 1925. Ed. Matthew J. Bruccoli. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1991.

Fussell, Edwin. “Fitzgerald’s Brave New World.” The Great Gatsby: A study. Ed. Frederick J. Hoffman. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1962. 244-62.

Girgus, Sam B. The Films of Woody Allen. Cambridge: Cambridge UP,1993.

Kant, Immanuel. The Critique of Judgment. Trans. J.H. Bernard. London: Macmillan, 1914.

Keller, Jürg P.. The American Dream Gone Astray: Critical Realism in American Fiction, 1920-1940. Bern: Peter Lang, 1995.

Kogan, Michael S.. Opening the Covenant, A Jewish Theology of Christianity. New York: Oxford UP, 2008.

Lewis, Roger. “Money, Love, and Aspiration in The Great Gatsby.” New Essays on The Great Gatsby. Ed. Matthew J. Bruccoli. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1985. 41-57.

MacKinnon, Barbara. Ethics: Theory and Contemporary Issues. Southbank: Thomson Learning, 2004.

Mast, Gerald and Bruce F. Kawin. A Short History of the Movies. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, 1996.

Miola, Robert S.. “I Could Not Say ‘Amen’: Prayer and Providence in Macbeth.”Shakespeare''s Christianity : the Protestant and Catholic poetics of Julius Caesar, Macbeth, and Hamlet. Ed. E. Beatrice Batson. Waco: Baylor UP, 2006. 57-71.

Neusner, Jacob. “Defining Judaism.” The Blackwell Companion to Judaism. Ed. Jacob Neusner and Alan J. Avery-Peck. Malden: Blackwell P, 2000.

Ornstein, Robert. “Scott Fitzgerald’s Fable of East and West.” Twentieth Century Interpretation of The Great Gatsby. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1968. 54-60.

Perilli, Plinio. “Woody Allen: skyscrapers and gags.” L''Architettura 47.547 (2001): 293-8. H. W. Wilson. Web. 10 Nov. 2009.

Shakespeare, William. Macbeth. Ed. A. R. Braunmuller. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1997.

Skoble, Aeon J.. “Integrity in Woody Allen’s Manhattan.” Woody Allen and Philosophy: You Mean My Whole Fallacy is Wrong? Ed. Mark T. Conard and Aeon J. Skoble. Chicago: Open Court, 2004. 24-32.

Styan, J.L.. The Dark Comedy: The Development of Modern Comic Tragedy. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1968.

REFERENCES

Albano, Robert A. Understanding Shakespeare. Vol. 1. Taiwan: Mercurye P, 2008.

Auden, W.H.. Lectures on Shakespeare. Ed. Arthur Kirsch. Princeton: Princeton UP, 2000.

Bailey, Peter J. The Reluctant Film Art of Woody Allen. Lexington: UP of Kentucky,2001.

Baker, Christopher. Religion in the Age of Shakespeare. Westport: Greenwood P., 2007.

Deleuze, Gilles. Kant’s Critical Philosophy: The Doctrine of the Faculties. Trans. Hugh Tomlinson and Barbara Habberjam. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 1984.

Gross, Dalton and MaryJean Gross. Understanding The Great Gatsby: A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents. Westport: Greenwood, 1998.

Knight, L.C.. “How Many Children had Lady Macbeth.” A Shakespeare Reader: Sources and Criticism. Ed. Richard Danson Brown and David Johnson. Milton Keynes: Open U, 2000. 115-29.

Leggatt, Alexander. Shakespeare’s Tragedies: Violation and dentity. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2005.

Mousley, Andy. Re-Humanising Shakespeare: Literary Humanism, Wisdom and Modernity. Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 2007.

Nostbakken, Faith. Understanding Macbeth: A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents. Westport: Greenwood P, 1997.

Tyson, Lois. Psychological Politics of the American Dream: The Commodification of Subjectivity in Twentieth-Century American Literature. Columbus: Ohio State UP, 1994.


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