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研究生:蕭毓茹
研究生(外文):Yu-Ju Hsiao
論文名稱:技術競賽下之台灣製造業創新競爭分析
論文名稱(外文):Competition via technological race in the Taiwanese manufacturing industry
指導教授:洪子逸洪子逸引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tsu-Yi Hung
口試委員:洪志銘吳斯偉
口試委員(外文):Jr-Ming HungSz-Wei Wu
口試日期:2012-07-09
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:服務與科技管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:財務金融學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:68
中文關鍵詞:創新競爭科技競賽
外文關鍵詞:InnovationCompetitionTechnological Race
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本文主要在探討臺灣製造業於科技競賽情境下之競爭態式。本研究採用臺灣經濟研究院產經資料庫、行政院主計總處資料庫、經濟部統計處資料庫、智慧財產局專利資料庫及第二次技術創新調查資料庫,以縱橫面迴歸分析、兩階段最小平方法及普瓦松迴歸進行分析。研究結果顯示,臺灣製造業競爭程度非常激烈,且呈現追趕式競爭。此外,公司之專利持有數目會產生競爭不對稱性,且會勸阻競爭對手進行目前之創新活動。本研究提供實證分析,顯示臺灣製造業在激烈競爭環境下,比較傾向追趕式競爭策略以獲取最大市場份額及利潤。

This study analyzes the competition in terms of technological race in the Taiwanese manufacturing industry. The research adopts Taiwan Industry Economics Services (TIES) database, Directorate-General of Budget, Accounting and Statistics, Executive Yuan, R.O.C (Taiwan), Department of Statistics, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Intellectual Property Office (TIPO) database and Second Taiwan Technological Innovation Survey (TTIS II) to reveal the competition either in “catching-up” or “leapfrogging” phenomena through panel regression, two-stage least squares (2SLS) and Poisson regression. The results show that the competition degree in the Taiwanese manufacturing industry is fierce, the Taiwanese manufacturing industry competition circumstance is catching-up and patents maintain a competitive asymmetry. The analysis provides empirical evidence that the Taiwanese manufacturing enterprises implement catching-up strategy to acquire larger market share and succeed in a keen competition.

摘要.....................................................I
ABSTRACT................................................II
誌謝.....................................................III
CONTENTS................................................V
LIST OF FIGURES.........................................VII
LIST OF TABLES..........................................VIII
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION..................................1
1.1 Research Motivation and Purpose...................1
1.2 Organization of Research..........................2
Chapter 2 LITERATURE REVIEW.............................4
2.1 Innovation........................................4
2.2 Competition.......................................9
2.2.1 Catching-up...................................11
2.2.2 Leapfrogging..................................13
2.3 Technological Race................................15
2.4 The Taiwanese Manufacturing Industry Background...19
2.5 Summary...........................................23
Chapter 3 METHODOLOGY...................................24
3.1 Databases.........................................24
3.2 Measuring Variables...............................27
3.2.1 R&D Expenditure...............................27
3.2.2 R&D Turnovers.................................28
3.2.3 Turnovers.....................................28
3.2.4 Capital.......................................28
3.2.5 Patent........................................29
3.2.6 Competition...................................30
3.2.7 Employee......................................31
3.2.8 Gross Profit..................................32
3.2.9 Dummy of the Technology Sector................32
3.2.10 Dummy Time...................................33
3.3 Regression Model..................................35
3.4 Regression Methods................................36
3.4.1 Panel and Two-Stage Least Squares.............36
3.4.2 Tobit.........................................38
Chapter4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSIONS........................39
4.1 Descriptive Statistics............................39
4.2 Correlation Analysis..............................42
4.3 Simultaneous Equation Econometrics Approach.......45
4.4 Summary...........................................50
Chapter 5 CONCLUSIONS...................................51
REFERENCES..............................................54
APPENDIX................................................63

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