跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(18.207.132.116) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/29 21:26
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:楊廷顥
研究生(外文):Tim-Hau Yang
論文名稱:台灣製造業創新之價量分析
論文名稱(外文):R&D Quantity-Price Competition in the Taiwanese Manufacturing Industry
指導教授:洪子逸洪子逸引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tsu-Yi, Hung
口試委員:洪志銘吳斯偉
口試日期:2012-07-09
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:服務與科技管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:財務金融學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:競爭
外文關鍵詞:CournotBertrandcompetition
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:116
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
數量與價格競爭之議題已持續多年,過去有學者加入各種因素,例如:成本、勞力、研發、市場規模、資本額等各種更符合經濟現實面的狀況做探討。近年來更有學者研究日本製造業競爭模式,認為Cournot提出的數量模型概念雖然簡單明瞭,但是在計量經濟分析結果,發現市場採用Cournot競爭卻是較少發生的。本研究蒐集台灣製造業相關資料,分析台灣製造業在整體研發上偏向數量或是價格競爭,並使用迴歸檢定的方式作進一步檢驗。研究結果發現,台灣製造業在研發方面傾向採用混合式的競爭方式,意指同時採用Cournot 與Bertrand的競爭策略。本研究提供與以往不同之研究角度,以整體產業實證方式,闡明台灣製造業在研發策略上之競爭型態。

Cournot (quantity) and Bertrand (price) models have been utilized to explore market competition for a long tradition. Some studies revealed that Cournot competition was simple yet clear with common sense notions; however, quantity strategy seemed rare and less adopted in the market. The study utilized Taiwanese datasets to empirically verify the type of R&D competition of the Taiwanese manufacturing industry. The results demonstrated that Taiwan manufacturing enterprises tended to use a Hybrid method, i.e., both price and quantity strategies in R&D. The econometric results give a different perspective when one analyzes business competitive strategies in a market.

CONTENTS

摘 要 I
ABSTRACT II
誌謝 III
CONTENTS IV
LIST OF FIGURES VI
LIST OF TABLES VII
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Research Motivation and Purpose 1
1.2 Research Organization 2
Chapter 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 4
2.1 Cournot Competition 4
2.2 Bertrand Competition 7
2.3 Cournot Competition Versus Bertrand Competition 11
2.4 The Industry Background 15
Chapter 3 METHDOLOGY 19
3.1 Databases 19
3.2 Measuring Variables 21
3.2.1 Competition 21
3.2.2 R&D expenditure 22
3.2.3 Labor 23
3.2.4 Cost 24
3.2.5 Capital 25
3.2.6 Sales amount 26
3.2.7 Patent 26
3.3 Model 29
3.4 Empirical Method 31
3.4.1 Panel & GMM 31
3.4.1.1 Fixed Effects Model 33
3.4.1.2 Random Effects Model 33
3.4.2 Count Data 34
Chapter 4 RESULTS 36
4.1 Descriptive Statistics 36
4.2 Regression Results 39
4.2.1 Empirical analysis of manufacturing competition 39
4.2.2 Other validation and relationship 40
4.3 Summary 43
Chapter 5 CONCLUSIONS 45
5.1 Conclusions 45
5.2 Research Limitations 46
REFERENCES 47
Appendix A DESCRIPTIVE STATISITCS 54
Appendix B DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS OF TOP THREE OF SUB MANUFACTURING 58
Appendix C NEGATIVE BINOMIAL REGRESSION 59

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1.1 Organization of research. 3

LIST OF TABLES

Table 2.1 Taiwan''s industrial labor force distribution from 1990 to 2010 15
Table 2.2 Manufacturing and the classification of industries number of employee 17
Table 2.3 The classification of industries manufacturing in value and growth rate 18
Table 3.1 Research databases 20
Table 3.2 Names of 12 sub-sectors industries classification 21
Table 3.3 Explanatory variables and data sources 28
Table 4.1 Descriptive statistics - Average sub manufacturing industry 37
Table 4.2 Pearson Correlations 38
Table 4.3 Panel results of equation (3.5) 40
Table 4.4 Results of equation (3.6) 41
Table 4.5 Results of equation (3.7) 42



中文部分
[1]林滋梅,各國服務業研發與創新比較研究,行政院國家科學委員會96年度自行研究計畫成果報告,2007。
西文部分
[1]Acemoglu, D., & Akcigit, U. (2012). Intellectual property rights policy, Competition and Innovation. Journal of the European Economic Association, 10(1), 1-42.
[2]Aghion, P., Bloom, N., Blundell, R., Griffith, R. & Howitt, P. (2005). Competition and innovation: An inverted-U relationship. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 120(2), 701-728.
[3]Aizcorbe, A. (2006). Why did semiconductor price indexes fall so fast in the 1990s? A decomposition. Economic Inquiry, 44(3), 485–496.
[4]Aoki, R. (2003). Effect of credible quality investment with Bertrand and Cournot competition. Economic Theory, 21(2/3), 653-672.
[5]Aramendia, M. (2008). Individual best response in the repeated Cournot model. Journal of Economics, 93(3), 293-304.
[6]Arrow, K. J. (1962). Economic welfare and the allocation of resources for invention. NJ: Princeton University Press.
[7]Baldwin, W., & Scott, J. (1987). Market structure and technological change. Harwood Academic Publishers.
[8]Baltagi, B. H. (1995). Econometric analysis of panel data. John Wiley & Sons.
[9]Bandyopadhyay, S., & Mukherjee, A. (2011). R&D cooperation with entry. Discussion Papers.
[10]Barcena-Ruiz, J. C., & Olaizola, N. (2006). Cost-saving production technologies and strategic delegation. Australian Economic Papers, 45(2), 141-157.
[11]Bertrand, J. (1883). Review of Walras’s theorie mathematique de la richesse social and Cournot’s recherches sur les principes mathematiques de la theorie des richesses. Journal des Savants, 499-508.
[12]Bondt, R. D., & Vandekerckhove, J. (2012). Reflections on the relation between competition and innovation. Journal of Industry, Competition, and trade. 12(1), 7-19.
[13]Raymond, D. B. (1998). Informatie en kennis in de economie: In de. Leuven: Universitaire Pers.
[14]Boone, J., Aylwin, M. J. L., Muller, W., & Chaudhuri, A. R. (2012). Bertrand competition with asymmetric costs: Experimental evidence. Economics Letter, 117, 134-137.
[15]Cameron, A. C., & Trivedi, P. K. (1986). “Econometric model based on count Data: Comparisons and application of some estimators and tests,” Journal of Applied Econometric, 1(1), 29-53
[16]Cellin, R., & Lambertini, L. (2012). R&D incentives under Bertrand competition: A differential game. Japanese Economic Review, 62(3), 387-400.
[17]Chu, A. A., Cozzi, G., & Galli, S. (2012). Does intellectual monopoly stimulate or stifle innovation? European Economic Review, 56(4), 727-746.
[18]Chu, A. C., Leung, C. K. Y., & Tang, E. (2012). Intellectual property rights, technical progress and the volatility of economic growth. Journal of Macroeconomics.
[19]Coughlan, A.T., & Soberman, D. A. (2005). Strategic segmentation using outlet malls. International Journal of Research in Marketing, 22(1), 61-86.
[20]Cournot, A. (1838). Recherches sur les principes mathematiques de la theorie des richesses, Eurvres completes, Tome VIII. Paris: Vrin.
[21]Cowling, B. K., & Waterson, M. (1976). “Price-Cost margins and market structure”. Economica, 43(171), 267-274.
[22]Cozzi, G., and Spinesi, L., (2006). Intellectual appropriability, product differentiation, and growth. Macroeconomic Dynamics, 10(1), 39-55.
[23]Darai, D., Sacco, D., & Schmutzler, A. (2010). Competition and innovation: An experimental investigation. Experimental Economics, 13(4), 439-460.
[24]Eaton, J., & Kortum, S. (1994). “International patenting and technology diffusion.” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper.
[25]Elberfeld, W., & Nti, K. (2004). Oligopolistic competition and new technology adoption under uncertainty. Journal of Economics, 82(2), 105-121.
[26]Fiocco, R. (2012). Competition and regulation with product differentiation. Journal of Regulatory Economics.
[27]Flath, D. (2010). Are there any Cournot industries? GCOE discussion paper.
[28]Ghosh, A., & Haque, M. N. (2006). Sequential technology adoption with asymmetric firms. Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, 15(2), 157-172.
[29]Grossman, G., & Helpman, E. (1991). Quality ladders in the theory of growth. Review of Economic Studies, 58(1), 43-61.
[30]Gurmu, S. (1991). “Tests for detecting over dispersion in the positive Possion regression model,” Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, 9(2), 215-222.
[31]Halmenschlager, C. (2004). R&D-Cooperating laggards versus a technological leader. Economics of Innovation New Technology, 13(8), 717-732.
[32]Hansen, L. P. (1982). Large sample properties of generalized method of moments estimators, Econometric, 50(4), 1029-1054.
[33]Hausman, J. A. (1978). “Specification tests in econometrics.” Econometric, 46(6), 1251-1271.
[34]Hausman, J. A., Griliches, Z., & Hall, B. H. (1986). Patents and R&D: Is there a lag? International Economic Review, 27(2), 265-283.
[35]Hernandez-Murillo, R., & Llobet, G. (2006). Patent licensing revisited: Heterogeneous firms and product differentiation. International Journal of Industrial Organization, 24(1), 149-175.
[36]Hinloopen, J., & Vandekerckhove, J. (2009). Dynamic efficiency of Cournot and Bertrand competiton: Input versus output spillovers. Journal of Economics, 98(2), 119-136.
[37]Hotelling, H. (1929). Stability in Competition. Economic Journal, 39(153), 41-57.
[38]Hsiao, C. (2003). Analysis of Panel Data. Cambridge university press.
[39]Kamien, M. I., & Schwartz, N. L. (1982). Market structure and innovation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[40]Kaniovski, S. (2005). Product differentiation and competitive selection. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 15(5), 567-580.
[41]Kelly, M., & Hageman, A. (1999). “Marshallian externalities in innovation.” Journal of Economic Growth, 4(1), 39-54.
[42]Klimenko, M. M. (2005). The “thick market” effect and agglomeration in high-growth industries. Pacific Economic Review, 10(2), 167-187.
[43]Kreps, D., & Scheinkman, J. (1983). Quantity pre-commitment and Bertrand competition yield Cournot outcomes. Rand Journal of Economics, 14(2), 326-337.
[44]Ino, H., & Kawamori, T. (2009). Oligopoly with a large number of competitors: Asymmetric limit result. Economic Theory, 39(2), 331-352.
[45]Ishibashi, I., & Matsushima, N. (2009). The existence of low-end firms may help high-end firms. Marketing Science, 28(1), 136-147.
[46]Ishida, J., Matsumura, T.; & Matsushima, N. (2011). Market competition, R&D and firm profits in asymmetric oligopoly. Journal of Industrial Economics, 59(3), 454-505.
[47]Lahiri, S., & Ono, Y. (1988). Helping minor firms reduces welfare. The Economic Journal, 98(393), 1199–1202.
[48]Lambertini, L., & Rossini, G., (2009). The gains from cooperative R&D with a concave technology and spillovers. International Game Theory Review, 11(1), 77-85.
[49]Ledvina, A., & Sircar, R. (2010). Bertrand and Cournot competition under asymmetric costs: number of active firms in equilibrium. Working paper.
[50]Lenox, M. J., Rockart, S. F., & Lewin, A. Y. (2007). Interdependency, competition, and industry dynamics. Management Science, 53(4), 599-615.
[51]Li, Y., & Vanhaverbeke, W. (2009). The relationship between foreign competition, absorptive capacity and pioneering innovation: An empirical investigation in Canada. International Journal of Innovation Management, 13(1), 105-137.
[52]Li, C., & Ji, X. (2010). Innovation, licensing and price VS. quantity competition. Economic Modeling, 27(3), 746-754.
[53]Liang, Wen-June., Hwang, H., & Mai, Chao-Cheng. (2006). Spatial discrimination: Bertrand vs. Cournot with asymmetric demands. Regional Science and Urban Economics, 36(6), 790–802.
[54]Liao, C. H., & Sen, D. (2005). Subsidy in licensing: Optimality and welfare implications. The Manchester School, 73(3), 281-299.
[55]Marsh, D., & Oxley, L. (2005). “Modelling innovative activity in the New Zealand biotechnology sector”, Mathematics and Computers in Simulation, 69(1-2), 103-112.
[56]Martin, S., & Scott, J. (2000). The nature of innovation market failure and the design of public support for private innovation. Research Policy, 29(4-5), 437-447.
[57]Martin, S. (2002). Advanced industrial economics. Blackwell, Oxford.
[58]Matsushima, N., & Mizuno, T. (2012). Profit enhancing competitive pressure in vertically related industries. Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, 26(1), 142-152.
[59]Milliou, C., & Petrakis, E. (2010). Timing of technology adoption and product market competition. International Journal of Industrial Organization, 29(5), 513-523.
[60]Motta, M. (2004). Competition policy: Theory and Practice. UK: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
[61]Obstfeld, M., & Rogoff, K. (1996). Foundations of International Macroeconomics. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
[62]O’Donoghue, T., & Zweimuller, J., (2004). Patents in a model of endogenous growth. Journal of Economic Growth, 9(1), 81-123.
[63]Paul, S. (2006). Devaluation, Innovation, and Prices. International Trade Journal, 20(1), 75-83.
[64]Phillips, G., & Zhsanov, A. (2011). R&D and the market for acquisitions. Swiss Finance Institute Research Paper.
[65]Sandonis, J., & Fauli-oller, R. (2008). Patent licensing by means of an auction: Internal versus external patentee. The Manchester School, 76(4), 453-463.
[66]Saraccno, F., & Barr, J. (2008). Cournot competition and endogenous firm size. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 18(5), 615-638.
[67]Singh, N., & Vives, X. (1984). Price and quantity competition in a differentiated duopoly. The Rand Journal of Economics, 15(4), 546-554.
[68]Sissoko, A. (2011). R&D subsides and firm-level productivity: evidence from France. IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales working paper.
[69]Theilen, B. (2011). Product differentiation and competitive pressure. Journal of Economics.
[70]Tirole, J. (1988). The theory of industrial organization. MIT Press.
[71]Tishler, A., & Milstein, I. (2012). R&D wars and the effects of innovation on the success and survivability of firms in oligopoly markets. International. Journal of Industrial Organization, 27(4), 519-531.
[72]Tuchen, G. (1986). Statistical properties of generalized method of moments estimators of structural parameters obtained using financial market Data. Journal of Business & Economic Statistic, 4(4), 397-415.
[73]Verspagen, B., & Schoenmakers, W. (2000). “The spatial dimension of knowledge spillover in Europe: Edivence from firm patenting data.” The AEA Conference on Intellectual Property Econometric.
[74]Yu, C. (2007). Price and quantity competition yield the same location equilibrium in a circular market. Paper in Regional Science, 86(4), 643-655.


QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top