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研究生:劉沂軒
研究生(外文):Liu, Yi-Shuan
論文名稱:損耗性產品在考慮先進先出出貨原則下的最佳雙倉儲存貨政策
論文名稱(外文):Optimal deteriorating items inventory model in a two-warehouse system considering FIFO principle
指導教授:游兆鵬游兆鵬引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yu, Chao-Pen
口試委員:王孔政李志士
口試委員(外文):Wang, Kung-JengLi, Tzu-Su
口試日期:2012-06-13
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:德明財經科技大學
系所名稱:物流管理系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:行銷與流通學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:67
中文關鍵詞:存貨損耗性商品貨幣時間價值延遲付款雙倉存貨系統
外文關鍵詞:InventoryDeteriorating itemsTime value of moneyPayment delayTwo warehouse inventory system
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近年來,隨著經濟快速的發展,消費者的需求改變,產品的生命週期日趨漸短,以致企業間的競爭越趨激烈、經營成本快速攀升,如何有效的降低成本、滿足市場的需求、提升企業利潤等,均成為企業能否永續經營的關鍵。但往往在二階供應鏈上,製造商與零售商都為了降低各自的成本,而忽略了對方的損失,因此在這全球競爭的時代,為了有效的降低供應鏈上成員的成本,逐漸被重視於供應鏈的整合。近年來,快速的通貨膨脹,導致各項成本一直不斷的攀升,企業經營越來越困難,加上臺灣人口眾多,土地狹小,土地取得較不容易,因此如何有效的利用倉儲空間,改善存貨策略,成為各通路業者的一項重要的課題。
本論文主要探討損耗性商品於二階產銷供應鏈下,最佳的生產、配銷及儲存問題,此商品的損耗率服從指數分配,因為在有限的倉儲空間下,影響到存貨的總量,因此本研究考慮兩個倉庫的儲存問題,一個為自有倉庫(OW),有儲存空間的限制,另一個為租賃倉庫(RW),沒有儲存空間限制,且租賃倉庫為了吸引企業長期租賃,而推出優惠租賃制度;並在允許缺貨下,考慮零售商延遲付款,建構整合性的二階產銷供應鏈之存貨模式,並分別討論貨幣時間價值的影響。
接著,分別推導出第三章及第四章的數學模式,並使用赫斯矩陣(Hessian matrix),來驗證其數學函數具有極小值,利用Maple與Excel進行數值運算與繪製圖表,經由數值案例與敏感度分析,觀察各個參數的影響,並做出最後結論。

In recent years, with rapid economic development, consumer’s demand has changed, product life cycle is increasingly becoming short, resulting in increased competition between firms, operating costs rising fast, how to effectively reduce costs、meet markets demand and improve corporate profits, etc ... are the key to ability of the business sustainable. But in the second-order supply chain, manufacturers and retailers reducing their own costs, while ignoring the other's loss, so in this global competition century, in order to effectively reduce the cost of the supply chain members, and gradually being taken seriously in the supply chain integration. In recent years, rapid inflation, resulting in the costs have continued to rise, more and more difficult business, with Taiwan’s large population, small land and not easy to acquire land, so how to make effective use of storage space, improved inventory strategy become an important issue to retailers.
In this research, deteriorating items under two level supply chain is investigated. Deterioration rate is assumed to be exponential distributed. A two warehouse inventory model with a delay in payment is developed. We consider shortage, time value of money and discounted cash flow in the problem analysis. The objective of this research paper is to develop an optimal collaborative economic lot size policy.
Then, respectively export Chapter III and Chapter IV’s mathematical model, and use the Hessian matrix to validate the mathematical function has a minimum, use Maple and Excel numerical computing and charting, through numerical case sensitive analysis, to observe the influence of various parameters, and make a final conclusion.

摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
目錄 III
圖目錄 V
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的與範圍 2
1.3 研究方法與步驟 2
1.4 研究架構 4
第二章 文獻探討 5
2.1 雙倉存貨相關文獻 5
2.2 整合性存貨相關文獻 7
2.3 損耗性存貨相關文獻 10
2.4 延遲付款 12
2.5 貨幣時間價值相關文獻 13
第三章 在允許缺貨及信用付款條件下損耗性商品之先進先出的雙倉存貨模式 14
3.1 模式之基本假設與符號說明 15
3.2 存貨模式推導 17
3.3 Hessian matrix驗證 26
3.4 數學範例之說明 27
3.5 敏感度分析 28
3.6 小結 32
第四章 在允許缺貨、信用付款與考慮貨幣時間價值條件下損耗性商品之先進先出的雙倉存貨模式 33
4.1 模式之基本假設與符號說明 34
4.2 存貨模式推導 36
4.3 Hessian matrix驗證 45
4.4 數學範例之說明 46
4.5 敏感度分析 47
4.6 小結 51
第五章 結論與未來發展 52
5.1 結論 52
5.2 未來發展 53
參考文獻 54
一、中文部份 54
二、英文部份 54


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2.鄭乃茵(2008)。損耗性商品考慮租金優惠機制與時間相依需求下之雙倉存貨策略。私立德財經科技大學經貿運籌研究所,碩士論文。
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