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研究生:張恆嘉
研究生(外文):Heng-Chia Chang
論文名稱:以FDS模擬火場避難時間最佳化之分析-以大型電子廠房為例
論文名稱(外文):Optimal analysis of evacuation time with FDS-A case study of large electronics factory
指導教授:林秉如林秉如引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ping-Ju Lin
口試委員:湯潔新莊英吉
口試日期:101年7月5日
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:東南科技大學
系所名稱:防災科技研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:100
中文關鍵詞:火場實驗逃生避難FDS電子科技廠房排煙窗
外文關鍵詞:Fire experimentsEvacuationFDSElectronic factorySmokeexhaust windows
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摘 要
現代化的社會以科技產業為指標,但防災避難技術是否相對成熟,要如何做出合乎真實火場逃生避難的合理數據,一直是所有人努力的方向,不過如以真實火場實驗,不僅造成成本及資源的浪費,更不符現代節能減碳的需求,且也僅能做單一的實驗,無法應付火災千變萬化的變數。
  本研究係以FDS火災模擬軟體做架構,再以電子科技廠房為模擬對象,設定各種情境,加以模擬分析,判斷最佳逃生避難時間的方式。經模擬分析及比較後,認為排煙窗之設置是不可或缺的,可有效縮短逃生避難時間。


關鍵字:火場實驗 逃生避難 FDS 電子科技廠房 排煙窗
Abstract
Technology industry is an index for modern society, but the maturity of fire evacuation remains a challenge for people who want to develop rational information for fire control. If try to execute an experiments in real fire, it not only result in big waste of money and resources, it also violating the principle of energy saving and carbon emission reduction. Besides, the variables of ever changing fire accident cannot be relied on single experiment as well.
  In this study, FDS (Fire Dynamics Simulator) software is applied for simulation of an electronic factory. Various situations are set to examine the best evacuation time. After relative analysis and comparison, the installations of smoke exhaust windows are found critical essential for evacuation time reduction.

Keywords: Fire experiments, Evacuation, FDS, Electronic factory, Smoke exhaust windows.
中文摘要·········································································· Ⅰ
英文摘要·········································································· Ⅱ
誌謝················································································ Ⅲ
目錄················································································ Ⅳ
表目錄············································································· Ⅵ
圖目錄············································································· Ⅶ

第一章 緒論······································································ 1
1.1研究動機與目的·························································· 1
1.2研究方法··································································· 2

第二章 文獻回顧································································ 4
2.1 火災發展過程···························································· 4
2.2 火源設計·································································· 6
2.2.1 閃燃前之火源·························································· 7
2.2.2 閃然後之火源·························································· 8
2.3 煙流特性·································································· 9
2.3.1煙之特質及對人員逃生避難之影響······························· 9
2.3.2 煙層介面的定義······················································ 10
2.4 相關法令及法規························································ 12
2.4.1 內部材料火災成長率················································ 12
2.4.2 排煙效果係數························································· 12


第三章 模擬軟體及案例分析介紹········································· 19
3.1 FDS軟體簡介··························································· 19
3.1.1 FDS與smokeview之運算架構及流程··························· 21
3.1.2 FDS軟體理論基礎··················································· 22
3.1.3 FDS 分析操作程序與原則········································· 24
3.1.4 FDS程式資料運算程序············································· 25
3.1.5 平行化技術···························································· 28
3.2 模擬案例介紹··························································· 28
3.3 模擬情境································································· 28

第四章模擬結果································································· 39
4.1 溫度模擬結果···························································· 39
4.2 煙層高度模擬結果······················································ 41
4.3 可視距離模擬結果······················································ 43
4.4 一氧化碳濃度模擬結果················································ 45

第五章 結論與建議····························································· 97
參考文獻·········································································· 99

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