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研究生:李惠玲
研究生(外文):Hui-Ling Lee
論文名稱:家族傳承,國家遺產:以Waddesdon Manor對於過去的再現為例
論文名稱(外文):Family Legacy, National Heritage: The Representation of the Past at Waddesdon Manor
指導教授:王嵩山王嵩山引用關係
指導教授(外文):Sung-Shan Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北藝術大學
系所名稱:博物館研究所碩士班
學門:傳播學門
學類:博物館學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:英文
論文頁數:133
中文關鍵詞:家族傳承、文化遺產的詮釋、過去的再現、維多利亞時期莊園、莊園博物館
外文關鍵詞:family legacyheritage interpretationthe representation of the pastVictorian country housecountry house museum
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莊園博物館(the country house museum)隸屬歷史房舍博物館(the historic house museum)一員。儘管莊園博物館處理的事物來自過去,其處理的議題攸關當前和未來,反映我們如何對應現下環境情勢。這類型博物館過去的再現,不僅涉及重現人們過往如何創造和使用這些歷史空間,也納含順應當前需求,更富創意地詮釋與使用這些資產並展望未來。這亦即指涉對於傳統的承續與適應創新。

Waddesdon Manor為歐陸著名金融世家成員Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild於1874-1891年間在英國白金漢郡建造的法國文藝復興時期城堡風格莊園,以法國十八世紀式樣室內裝修與藝術收藏聞名。1957年由後人贈與國民信託 (The National Trust),近來年一直是該組織最受歡迎的產業之一。檢視形塑該莊園今日面貌的力量,實來自其歷來所有人的作為,而這些作為的互動影響該產業未來的發展。是以本文透過實地查訪,藉由內部觀察與博物館觀點,以過去、現在、未來三面向,探討Waddesdon Manor對於過去的再現與其對未來世代的意義。首先略述該產業過去做為私人居所,其創建蒐藏過程與家族傳承。其次,在現代保存運動興起之前,莊園隨時代變遷事屬平常;該產業今日成為博物館,求變求新更關乎其存續。故焦點置於其做為一因應世變有機體的分析。最後,Waddesdon Manor在加入國民信託後,晉身為英國國家遺產代表之一。國家遺產定義因時代環境變遷擴充,Waddesdon Manor的意義也由家族紀念物堂,拓及兼具人類多元文化資產和普世經驗保存傳遞的所在與媒介,從而思考莊園博物館的未來性。


Waddesdon Manor is a late Victorian country house near Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire. Built by Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild in 1874 to house his collection of mid-eighteenth century French decorative arts and for summer entertaining, the house, along with the bulk of its contents and surrounding land, were bequeathed to the National Trust in 1957. It has since become a popular attraction. The house has undergone various changes, most notably the transition from a private residence to a museum in the late 1950s, and the extensive Centenary Restoration in the early 1990s. In 1993, Jacob Rothschild, the 4th Baron Rothschild, gained unprecedented permission from the National Trust to manage Waddesdon Manor as a semi-independent operation, and the property is now under the management of the family’s charitable foundations.

The country house has long been regarded as a symbol of Britain’s heritage. Waddesdon Manor attained this status after its bequest to the National Trust, making it more than the embodiment of a prominent family’s legacy. As a historic house museum, the property is renowned not only for its buildings, but also for its picturesque gardens and landscapes. Each element discloses stories about not only the materialistic aspects of architecture and related objects, but also about the intangible trait of human associations. However, these are of more than antiquarian interest insofar as the presentation addresses our future expectations as well. In short, at Waddesdon Manor, past, present, and future are the preconditions for representing the past.

This study attempts to show that the act of representing the past involves a constant search for meaning and creativity, which addresses present and future concerns. Also central to this study is the examination of the representation of the past in a country house, from a museological perspective with a viewpoint drawing from the internal operations of the organization. In an attempt to unearth what lies under the façade of a depiction of time past, the representation of the past at Waddesdon is examined through three routes: the past account of architecture and collection through family legacy, present-day activities in conjunction with the idea that the house is a living organism, and future prospects by exploring what lies beyond a family memorial.

Waddesdon was first and foremost a family home. Therefore, the legacy of the family will be addressed first by way of Waddesdon’s architecture and its contents, to analyze the depiction of the past. Before the rise of the modern preservation movement, evolution was the norm for most country houses, which survived and endured throughout history. Adaptation to practicalities or trends makes a house a living organism, although the ritualized character of visits to country houses has not noticeably altered. Thus, the present-day practices and activities at Waddesdon are also analyzed. Past and present endeavors influence future events. The transmission and communication of diverse human experiences, aesthetical or cultural, might stand as the more elevated objective anticipated through the representation of the past, just as commemoration is but one aspect of the heritage belonging to a country house open to the public.


Acknowledgement…........................................i
Abstract...............................................iii
Contents...............................................vii
List of Table...........................................xi
List of Figures..........................................x
Chapter 1 Introduction...................................1
1.1 The English Country House
1.2 Waddesdon Manor
1.3 Research Questions
1.4 Research Objectives and Issues
1.5 The Country House Museum & its Representation
of the Past
1.6 Methodology and Fieldwork
1.7 Scope and Limitations
1.8 Outline of the Thesis
Chapter 2 Creating Waddesdon Manor.......................27
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Architecture
2.3 Collection
2.4 Displaying the Past
2.5 Conclusion
Chapter 3 Waddesdon Today................................51
3.1 Introduction
3.2 From Home to Museum: Continuity and
Reinvention
3.3 Running the House: Modern Housekeeping
3.4 Contemporary Art at Waddesdon: Linking Past,
Present and Future
3.5 Conclusion
Chapter 4 Beyond the Family Memorial.............75
4.1 Introduction
4.2 The Country House and National Heritage
4.3 Between Self-interest and Philanthropy
4.4 In Search for Significance
4.5 Conclusion
Chapter 5 Conclusion: Family Legacy, National Heritage...91
5.1 Family Legacy, National Heritage?
5.2 Conclusion
References..............................................101
Appendix................................................109
Table and Figures.......................................115


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