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研究生:劉慶文
研究生(外文):Liou, Ching-Wen
論文名稱:電子護具對跆拳道踢擊技術及奪牌影響之研究
論文名稱(外文):Effects of Electronic Scoring System on Taekwondo Kicking Technique and Medal Opportunity
指導教授:徐台閣
指導教授(外文):Hsu, Tai-Ger
口試委員:鄭芳梵錢紀明徐台閣
口試日期:2012-06-21
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:臺北巿立體育學院
系所名稱:競技運動訓練研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:88
中文關鍵詞:跆拳道踢擊技術電子計分系統主動攻擊
外文關鍵詞:taekwondokicking techniqueselectronic scoring systemactive attacks
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:16
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
跆拳道修改規則並採用電子計分系統後,選手有效上端攻擊動作(頭部)可以獲得3分,中端軀幹部位得1分,如為轉身踢擊動作再加1分,對比賽踢擊技術有很大的改變。目的:探討2012年倫敦奧運跆拳道歐洲區資格賽第一、二量級,男、女前三名得牌選手與對手在踢擊得分類型與得分的差異影響。方法:採用現場比賽錄影帶分析,以2012年倫敦奧運跆拳道歐洲區資格賽第一、二量級男、女的參賽選手比賽為分析對象,將踢擊技術分為正拳、旋踢、側(踩)踢(1分),後踢、轉身旋踢 (2分),上端旋踢、下壓 (3分),轉身上端 (4分),比較勝、負的踢擊得分技術,以卡方考驗及獨立樣本t考驗分析其顯著性。結果:得牌選手的攻擊型態都採取主動積極方式,踢擊技術正拳、旋踢、側(踩)踢、上端及轉身的得分技術明顯優於負方 ( p < .05),而勝方的警告明顯較負方高( p < .05)。結論:採用新規則與Dae do電子護具比賽,參賽選手在比賽中採用主動積極的攻擊方式,同時具備上端踢擊的得分技巧奪牌機會越高。2012年倫敦奧運我國選手必須具備上述攻擊型態及得分能力方能取得絕對優勢。
Adopting Electronic Scoring System (ESS) and amending rules of the game have changed Taekwondo players’ kicking techniques dramatically. For example, a player gets 3 points for a head kick, 1 point for an attack on the chest, and an extra point if combined with a back spinning heel kick. Purpose: To investigate the differences of scores and scoring patterns between medalists and other contestants of 2012 European Taekwondo Olympic Qualification Tournament. Methods: The video recordings of the 2012 European Taekwondo Olympic Qualification Tournament matches are reviewed and analyzed. The study focuses on both the male and female contestants in the Flyweight (Male under 58kg, and female under 47kg) and Lightweight (Male above 58 and under 68kg, and female above 47kg and under 57kg) classes. The contestants’ attacks are divided into four categories: (1) 1-point: punch, roundhouse kick, bandal Chagui; (2) 2-point: back kick, turning roundhouse kick; (3) 3-point: upper roundhouse kick, downward kick; (4) 4-point: turning upper roundhouse kick. Chi-squared test and independent sample t test are used to analyze the differences between winning and losing contestants’ kicking techniques. The significance level was set at p < .05. Results: Most of the medalists are very active and offensive, and their scoring techniques, including kicking technique, punch, roundhouse kick, bandal Chagui, upper roundhouse kick and turning kick, are significantly better than non-winners (p < .05). However, medalists’ kyong-go (half point warn) were significant higher than their opponents (p < .05). Conclusion: Due to the changes of new rules and the uses of Dae Do Electronic Scoring System, players have to be very active and offensive during a game in order to gain higher scores. When using more favorable kicking techniques, the players would more likely score higher than their opponents. In the 2012 London Olympics Game, players of team Chinese Taipei must be equipped with and use those favorable attack techniques to gain advantages.
原創聲明書............................................... ii
學位考試審定書........................................... iii
中文摘要................................................. iv
英文摘要................................................. v
謝誌.....................................................vii
目錄.....................................................viii
表目錄................................................... x
圖目錄................................................... xi

第壹章 緒論............................................. 1
第一節 前言.......................................... 1
第二節 研究背景...................................... 2
第三節 研究的重要性.................................. 3
第四節 研究目的...................................... 3
第五節 研究範圍...................................... 3
第六節 名詞操作性定義................................ 4
第貳章 文獻探討......................................... 5
第一節 跆拳道簡史.................................... 5
第二節 電子護具的發展................................ 6
第三節 跆拳道踢擊技術................................ 11
第四節 信度與效度.................................... 13
第五節 文獻總結...................................... 14
第參章 研究方法......................................... 15
第一節 研究對象...................................... 15
第二節 實驗設計...................................... 15
第三節 資料蒐集與分析方法............................ 15
第肆章 結果與討論....................................... 18
第一節 信度分析...................................... 18
第二節 得分分析...................................... 18
第三節 踢擊技術分析.................................. 19
第四節 警告與扣分分析................................ 24
第伍章 結論與建議....................................... 27
第一節 結論.......................................... 27
第二節 建議.......................................... 27
參考文獻................................................. 28
中文部分.............................................. 28
外文部分.............................................. 29
附錄 2012倫敦奧運歐洲區資格賽動作分析原始資料........... 31

中文部分
吳統雄(1985)。態度與行為研究的信度與效度:理論、應用、反省。民意學術專刊 ,2,29-53。
洪商來(1996)。韓國優秀跆拳道運動員某些生理、生化特點的研究。未出版之碩士論文,北京體育大學,北京市。
高霈詠、施靖桓、周玉、宋玉麒(2009)。2008北京奧運新規則對跆拳道訓練與比賽技術之影響。文化體育學刊,8,9-13。
楊國樞、文崇一、吳聰賢、李亦園(1989)。社會及行為社學研究法。臺北市:東華書局。
蔡明志、江界山、陳鴻雁(1998)。女子跆拳道選手各類攻擊動作型態之攻擊率、得分率及成功率分析以第28屆全國大專運動會跆拳道女子甲組比賽爲例。大專體育學刊,37,75-82。
鄭家銓、牟鍾福、陳天賜(2010)。國際跆拳道聯盟與世界跆拳道聯盟談判價值結構分析。真理大學運動知識學報,7,149-162。

英文部分
Beck, J. D., & Lieu, D. K. (1997). Electronically assisted scoring. USTU Taekwondo Magazine , Spring.
Butios, S., & Tasika, N. (2007). Changes in heart rate and blood lactate concentration as intensity parameters during simulated taekwondo competition. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 47 (2),179-185.
Choue, C. G. (2008). Peace in mind, sports at heart. Seoul, Korea:The World Taekwondo Federation.
Estevan, I., Alvarez, O., Falco, C., Molina-Garcia, J., & Castillo, I. (2011). Impact force and time analysis influenced by execution distance in a roundhouse kick to the head in taekwondo. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25 (10), 2851-2856.
Falco, C., Alvarez, O., Castillo, I. Estevan, I., Martos, J. & Mugarra, F. et al. (2009). Influence of the distance in a roundhouse kick's execution time and impact force in taekwondo. Journal of Biomechanics, 42(3),242-248.
Heller, J., Peric, T., Dlouha, R., Kohlikova, E., Melichna, J., & Novakova, H. (1998). Physiological profiles of male and female taekwon-do(ITF) black belts. Journal o f Sports Sciences, 16 (3), 243-249.
Kazemi, M., Casella, C., & Perri, G. (2009). 2004 Olympic tae kwon do athlete profile. The Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association, 53 (2), 144-152.
Kazemi, M., Perri, G., & Soave, D. (2010). A profile of 2008 olympic taekwondo competitors. The Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association, 54 (4). 243-249.
Kazemi, M., Waalen, J., Morgan, C., & White, A. R. (2006). A profile of olympic taekwondo competitors. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 5, 114-121.
Kim, J. W., Yenuga, S. S., & Kwon, Y. H. (2008). The effect of target distance on trunk, pelvis, and kicking leg kinematics in taekwondo round house kick. The 26th International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sport. Seoul, Korea.
Koh, J. O., & Watkinson, E. J. (2002). Video analysis of blows to the head and face at the 1999 world taekwondo championships. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 42 (3), 348-353.
Markovic, G., Vucetic, V., & Cardinale, M. (2008). Heart rate and lactate responses to taekwondo fight in elite women performers. Biology of Sport, 25 (2), 135-146.
Nien, Y. H., Chuang, L. R., & Chung, P. H. (2004). The design of force and action time measuring device for martial arts. International Sport Engineering Association,2, 139-144.
Toskovic, N. N., Blessing, D., & Williford, H. N. (2004). Physiologic profile of recreational male and female novice and experienced taekwondo practitioners. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 44 (2), 164-172.
Zen, Y. J. (1999). An analysis of chinese taekwondo team participation of men's 14th and women's 7th world championships. Journal of Wuhan Institute of Physical Education, 33, 37-39.




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