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研究生:張家豪
研究生(外文):Chang, ChiaHao
論文名稱:五天低氧間歇訓練與調整對徑賽選手專項能力與無氧耐力之影響
論文名稱(外文):The Effects of Five Successive Days of Intermittent Hypoxic Training and Adjustment on Track Runners’ Specialized Ability and Anaerobic Endurance
指導教授:王淑華王淑華引用關係
指導教授(外文):Wang, ShuHwa
口試委員:張嘉澤李建民
口試日期:2012-06-06
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:臺北巿立體育學院
系所名稱:競技運動訓練研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2012
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:低氧間歇訓練乳酸無氧糖酵解
外文關鍵詞:Hypoxia intermittent trainingLactateAnaerobic Glycolysis
相關次數:
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摘要

目的:探討徑賽400m青少年選手在5天低氧間歇訓練與3天調整訓練後對無氧耐力之影響。方法:以8位徑賽短距離男性青少年選手做為實驗對象,平均年齡為16.88 ± 0.83歲。訓練方式為5天低氧間歇訓練及3天調整訓練,並分別在訓練前後進行無氧耐力檢測。無氧耐力測試分為個人有氧-無氧閾值(2.5 m/s及4.0 m/s階梯式負荷)與無氧糖酵解能力、低氧負荷三項。檢測所得參數以相依樣本t檢定與皮爾森積差相關統計方式進行分析。結果:無氧閾值速度在T-1與T-3間達顯著差異(t = -3.052, p<.05);階梯式負荷4.0 m/s乳酸濃度在T-1與T-3間達顯著差異(t = 3.38, p<.05)﹔無氧糖酵解測試(2x6.1m/s)乳酸平均值T-1與T-3未達顯著差異(t = -0.59, p>.05);300m成績T-1與T-3達顯著差異(t = 2.454, p<.05)。結論:經低氧間歇訓練與調整訓練後,無氧閾值速度(V4)呈現明顯進步;階梯式負荷在4.0 m/s之乳酸濃度有明顯降低,心跳率也同時降低;無氧糖酵解測試之乳酸平均值則無明顯變化;300m最大努力跑步成績有明顯進步。建議短距離競賽選手可運用低氧間歇訓練與調整訓練能提昇無氧閾值速度,降低4.0 m/s階梯式負荷之每分鐘心跳率和乳酸,同時也能改善300m運動表現的能力。

關鍵詞:低氧間歇訓練、乳酸、無氧糖酵解

Abstract

purpose: this study was to observe hypoxic training in five days and a three-day adjustment program on quickly improve ability of anaerobic endurance. Methods: Eight 400m track male specialists (age: between 16.88 ± 0.83 years old) participated in this study. Training period included with five days hypoxic intermittent training and three days adjustment training. The anaerobic endurance test was set in pre and post training. There were three diagnoses of anaerobic endurance test used in this study, one was 2-4 mmol/l aerobic-anaerobic threshold and the others were anaerobic glycolysis ability and hypoxic training. Using paired t-tests and Pearson’s product-moment analysis all of the variables. Results: Significant different in the speed of anaerobic threshold (t=-3.052, p<.05), the lactate decreased significantly at 4.0m/s of incremental speed (t=3.38, p<.05) in T-1 and T-3. The lactate was no significant changed in anaerobic glycolysis endurance test (2x6.1m/s), in addition, the maximum speed running of 300m had significant different (t=2.454, p<.05). Conclusion: Hypoxic training and training adjustment could enhance the speed of anaerobic threshold, and decrease the lactate and heart rate in incremental exercise test, but the lactate decreased significantly only at 4.0m/s of incremental speed. Also improved the maximum speed running of 300m, but in anaerobic glycolysis endurance test did not change the lactate. The suggestions were for short distance of track athletes could use hypoxic training and the training adjustment that can increase speed of anaerobic threshold, furthermore decrease lactate and heart rate which at 4.0 m/s of incremental exercise test, moreover can improve performance of 300m maximum speed running.

Keywords: Hypoxia intermittent training, Lactate, Anaerobic Glycolysis

目錄

授權書 …………………………………………………………… ii
學位論文考試審定書 …………………………………………… iii
中文摘要 ………………………………………………………… iv
英文摘要 ………………………………………………………… v
謝誌 ……………………………………………………………… vi
目錄 ……………………………………………………………… vii
表目錄 …………………………………………………………… ix
圖目錄 …………………………………………………………… x

第壹章 緒論 …………………………………………………… 1
第一節 研究背景 ………………………………………… 1
第二節 研究動機 ………………………………………… 3
第三節 研究目的與問題 ………………………………… 4
第四節 研究範圍 ………………………………………… 4
第五節 名詞解釋 ………………………………………… 5
第六節 研究的重要性 …………………………………… 5
第貳章 文獻探討 ……………………………………………… 6
第一節 La、HR對於人體之影響 ………………………… 6
第二節 低氧對於人體之影響 …………………………… 8
第三節 低氧訓練對人體之影響 ………………………… 10
第四節 低氧訓練對於心血管的影響 …………………… 11
第五節 低氧訓練對於運動表現之探討 ………………… 13
第六節 低氧訓練效果與專項能力調整 ………………… 16
第七節 文獻總結 ………………………………………… 17
第參章 研究方法 ……………………………………………… 19
第一節 研究對象 ………………………………………… 19
第二節 實驗時間及地點 ………………………………… 19
第三節 研究工具 ………………………………………… 19
第四節 研究流程 ………………………………………… 25
第五節 資料分析 ………………………………………… 31
第肆章 結果與討論 …………………………………………… 32
第一節 有氧-無氧閾值(2-4 mmol/l) ……………………… 32
第二節 無氧糖酵解分析 ………………………………… 36
第三節 階梯式負荷測驗與乳酸曲線變化………………… 39
第四節 低氧訓練心跳率與血液乳酸適應………………… 41
第五節 低氧訓練專項300m最大速度跑之效果………… 43
第伍章 結論與建議 …………………………………………… 45
第一節 結論 ……………………………………………… 45
第二節 建議 ……………………………………………… 45
參考文獻 ………………………………………………………… 47
中文部分 …………………………………………………… 47
外文部分 …………………………………………………… 49
附錄 ……………………………………………………………… 54
附錄ㄧ 人體試驗暨倫理委員會證明書…………………… 54
附錄二 疾病調查表 ……………………………………… 55
附錄三 受試者同意書 …………………………………… 56

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