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研究生:陳昭妤
研究生(外文):Chen, Chao-Yu
論文名稱:聽覺障礙兒童錯誤信念作業表現之初探
論文名稱(外文):An Exploration Study of Hearing-Impaired Children’s in False Belief Task Performance
指導教授:韓福榮 博士
指導教授(外文):Han, Fu-Jong
口試委員:鄒啟榮 博士蔡昆瀛 博士
口試委員(外文):Tsou,Chi-ZongTsai,Kun-Ying
口試日期:2012-06-19
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:臺北巿立體育學院
系所名稱:運動教育研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:100
語文別:中文
論文頁數:158
中文關鍵詞:聽覺障礙兒童心智理論能力錯誤信念
外文關鍵詞:hearing-impaired childrentheory of mindfalse belief
相關次數:
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
本研究主要是針對聽覺障礙兒童及對照之同齡一般聽常兒童在錯誤信念作業表現進行比較,並分析兩組兒童間的差異、不同年齡層聽覺障礙兒童間的差異及聽覺障礙兒童不同社會背景因素之影響程度。研究對象為聽覺障礙兒童及一般兒童各 30名,合計共 60 名,年齡介於 4 足歲以上,未達 7 歲之間,並以分成4-5歲組、5-6歲組及6-7歲組(即不同年齡組),作為比較的基準。研究方法是以「學齡前兒童錯誤信念測驗」為工具,並以研究對象在物體變換位置作業及非預期物品作業的表現進行分析。研究結果:(一)4-7歲聽覺障礙兒童隨著年齡的增長,錯誤信念作業表現越佳,但不同年齡組兒童間之作業表現,則未達顯著差異;(二)4-7歲聽覺障礙兒童在兩項錯誤信念作業表現上,皆低於同年齡之一般兒童,且皆達統計差異程度;(三)在兩項錯誤信念作業皆達滿分(4分)之兒童,聽覺障礙組與一般兒童組平均年齡相互比較,聽覺障礙組顯現緩慢約0.6歲;(四)聽覺障兒童之社會背景因素之影響方面,性別、聽損程度、配戴助聽器之年紀、有無手足等之因素,皆未達顯著性差異,但使用不同助聽輔具因素則是在非預期物品作業中,呈現統計顯著差異程度。
The main purpose of this study tried to evaluate the performance of the hearing-impaired children in the false belief task. The subjects, age from 4-7 year-old, were 30 hearing-impaired children and 30 hearing children. The researcher used "The Preschool False Belief Test (PBFT)" as a measurement tool. Each subject was tested by two of the PBFT subtests, the Change of Location and the Unexpected Content. The results showed that: (a) of the 4-7 year-old hearing-impaired children, the age grow elder, the performance got better, but no significant difference; (b) on two PBFT subtests, the performance of 4-7 year-old hearing-impaired children got significant lower scores than the same age hearing peers’ scores; (c) for those who got full scores (4 points) in both PBFT subtests, the average age of the children of hearing-impaired was six month slower than of the hearing children; (d) the social background factors of the hearing-impaired children, such as, gender, degree of hearing loss, the age of initial of wearing hearing aids and the having sibling or not, made no significance influence on the performance of PBFT; however, the factor of using a different hearing aids could make a significant difference on the Unexpected Content of PBFT.
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究問題與目的 7
第三節 名詞解釋 11
第貳章 文獻探討 13
第一節 心智理論 13
第二節 錯誤信念與檢測方式 21
第三節 聽覺障礙兒童心智理論與錯誤信念表現 30
第參章 研究方法 43
第一節 研究架構 43
第二節 研究對象 45
第三節 研究工具 49
第四節 研究流程 57
第肆章 研究結果與討論 63
第一節 聽覺障礙組兒童與一般組兒童之得分狀況 63
第二節 聽覺障礙組兒童錯誤信念測驗之表現 73
第三節 聽覺障礙組與一般組兒童錯誤信念作業的表現 78
第四節 聽覺障礙兒童背景因素對錯誤信念作業的影響 95
第五節 聽覺障礙兒童錯誤信念作業表現 108
第伍章 結果與討論 114
第一節 結論 114
第二節 建議 118
第三節 研究限制 120
參考文獻 121
一、中文 121
二、英文 123
附錄一 家長同意書 135
附錄二 家長訪談 137
附錄三 施測題目舉例 141

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