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研究生:簡淑鈴
研究生(外文):Shu-Ling Chien
論文名稱:以社會對話制定職業安全衛生政策之比較研究—以英、德、日、韓為對象
論文名稱(外文):A Comparative Study of Occupational Safety and Health Policy-Making through Social Dialogue: The United Kingdom, Germany, Japan, and South Korea
指導教授:許繼峰許繼峰引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chi-Feng Hsu
口試委員:簡建中張李曉娟
口試日期:2013-06-27
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:勞工關係學系暨研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:綜合社會及行為科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:168
中文關鍵詞:職業安全衛生國際勞工組織合宜勞動社會對話社會夥伴雙元制經濟與社會發展委員會
外文關鍵詞:occupational safety and healthInternational Labour Organizationdecent worksocial dialoguesocial partnershipdual systemEconomic and Social Development Commission
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職業安全衛生議題在國際勞工組織所提出「合宜勞動」議程中的四個具體構面工作權利、合宜就業、社會保護與社會對話議程中均有涉及,且為該議程的重要的課題之一,國際勞工組織在「職業安全衛生公約」、「職業衛生安全基本原則」、「關於促進職業安全與衛生架構公約」、「職業衛生安全基本原則」及「職業安全衛生全球策略」均強調社會對話制定職業安全衛生政策的必要性。
經過文獻資料的蒐集與整理,研究發現:第一,英國的社會對話以公司層級為主,公眾諮詢的方式已成為政府決策過程的一部分,社會夥伴進行雙邊社會對話參與職業安全衛生政策;第二,德國的社會對話以部門與產業層級為主,職業安全體系採雙元制,社會夥伴參與其中,發揮社會對話的功能;第三,日本的社會對話以企業層級為主,勞資政三方組成的勞動政策審議會成了主導勞動政策的主角;第四,南韓以勞資政三方組成的經濟與社會發展委員會進行社會對話,三方最後簽訂全國性的協議。
總而言之,社會對話是公共政策制定的工具,無論是制度的需求,或者團體的均衡,或者統治菁英的偏好價值,政策過程的活動階段,旨在使職業安全衛生政策目標的達成,而要如何擷取適當的方式及會產生什麼結果,適合採取什麼樣的方式,這正是本研究所要做的事情。
Occupational safety and health (OSH) issues in the International Labour Organization (ILO) revealed “Decent Work” agenda proposed are all mentioned in the four aspects: rights of work, employment, social protection, and social dialogue. And it is one of the important issues in this agenda. In the“ Occupational Safety and Health Convention,” “fundamental principles of occupational health and safety,” “Promotional Framework for Occupational Safety and Health Convention, No. 187,”and “Global strategy for occupational safety and health” ILO emphasized the importance of the social dialogue in occupational safety and health policy-making.
After collecting and organizing relevant literature, this study has found:
First, in the United Kingdom, where company level bargaining is the predominate form of collective bargaining, social dialogue takes place at the company level. Public consultation has been part of the policy-making process. Social partners take bilateral talks to participate in OSH policy-making.
Second, in Germany social dialogue takes place at industry level, reflecting the nature of collective bargaining in that country. Occupational safety and health is a dual system .Social partners participate in it to let social dialogue take effect.
Third, in Japan social dialogue is mainly formed by employer, employee, and public interest representatives, who compose the Labor Policy Council. It is the major role of making policies.
Fourth, in Korea the representatives from labor, management, and government compose the Economic and Social Development Commission and engagement in the process of social dialogue. They sign national agreements in the end.
Generally speaking, social dialogue is the tool of public policy-making, whether it is system demand, or balance among stakeholders, or governing elite's preferences. The policy-making processes aim to complete the goal of occupational safety and health policy. However, how to take appropriate actions and what will happen then, those are this study trying to find out.
圖目錄 iii
表目錄 iv
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機與目的 ……………………………………………… 1
第二節 研究問題 ……………………………………………………… 4
第三節 研究方法 ……………………………………………………… 5

第二章 文獻探討
第一節 職業安全衛生政策的意涵 …………………………………… 7
第二節 公共政策制定理論 …………………………………………… 10
第三節 社會對話的理論與實務 ……………………………………… 14

第三章 國際勞工組織與歐盟的職業安全衛生政策與社會對話
第一節 國際勞工組織的職業安全衛生政策 ………………………… 19
第二節 國際勞工組織與社會對話 …………………………………… 30
第三節 國際勞工組織要求以社會對話機制形成職業安全衛生政策 36
第四節 歐盟的職業安全衛生政策 …………………………………… 38
第五節 歐盟與社會對話 ……………………………………………… 48
第六節 歐盟以社會對話機制形成職業安全衛生政策 ……………… 57

第四章 英國的職業安全衛生政策與社會對話
第一節 英國職業安全衛生政策 ……………………………………… 72
第二節 英國的社會對話 ……………………………………………… 78
第三節 英國透過社會對話制定職業安全衛生政策 ………………… 83

第五章 德國的職業安全衛生政策與社會對話
第一節 德國職業安全衛生政策 ……………………………………… 90
第二節 德國的社會對話 ……………………………………………… 97
第三節 德國透過社會對話制定職業安全衛生政策 ………………… 104

第六章 日本的職業安全衛生政策與社會對話
第一節 日本職業安全衛生政策 ……………………………………… 108
第二節 日本的社會對話 ……………………………………………… 114
第三節 日本透過社會對話制定職業安全衛生政策 ………………… 120

第七章 南韓的職業安全衛生政策與社會對話
第一節 南韓職業安全衛生政策 ……………………………………… 126
第二節 南韓的社會對話 ……………………………………………… 130
第三節 南韓透過社會對話制定職業安全衛生政策 ………………… 137

第八章 結論與建議 142

參考文獻 146
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三、日文部分
厚生労働省,2012a,《厚生労働白書》。 http://www.mhlw.go.jp/wp/hakusyo/kousei/11-2/kousei-data/PDF/23010404.pdf, latest access: 2012.04.30.
厚生労働省,2013b,第12次労働災害防止計画。http://www.mhlw.go.jp/bunya/roudoukijun/anzeneisei21/dl/12-honbun.pdf, latest access: 2012.04.30.
厚生労働省,2012c. 労働政策審議会. http://www.mhlw.go.jp/seisakunitsuite/bunya/koyou_roudou/roudouzenpan/roudouseisaku/index.html, latest access: 2012.04.30.
厚生労働省,2012d. 厚生労働省関係審議会議事録等/労働政策審議会 http://www.mhlw.go.jp/stf/shingi/2r98520000008f5z.html#shingi2, latest access: 2012.04.30. latest access: 2012.04.30.
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