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研究生:李靜游
研究生(外文):Jing-You Lee
論文名稱:臺灣經濟弱勢青少年一般自我效能之因素驗證
論文名稱(外文):The Confirmatory of General Self-efficacy among Low Economy Teenagers in Taiwan
指導教授:王理
指導教授(外文):Lee Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中山醫學大學
系所名稱:公共衛生學系碩士班
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:公共衛生學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2013
畢業學年度:101
語文別:中文
論文頁數:74
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研究目的:本研究探討接受扶助之臺灣經濟弱勢的青少年自我效能是否會受其家庭生活、學校生活、自我概念、學校輔導及心理健康的影響。研究方法:本研究以臺灣家扶暨兒童基金會「貧窮兒少資料庫」13-20歲的青少年,共2,671名進行分析,(男性=1,241名;女性=1,431名);此樣本調查為2011年7月1日至2011年10月31日,並在各個縣市採等距隨機抽樣調查。本研究主要以結構方程式進行模型驗證與統計分析。研究結果:臺灣經濟弱勢青少年的自我效能對於家庭生活、學校生活、自我概念、學校輔導及心理健康因素在性別上有差異(P<0.001),因此本研究以男性及女性兩個群體予以探討。男性青少年的家庭生活與其自我效能(P<0.001)、學校輔導(P<0.001)及心理健康(P<0.001)有關;男性青少年學校生活與自我效能方面無關,但其學校輔導與自我效能(P<0.001)及心理健康(P<0.001)有關;男性青少年的自我概念會影響其自我效能(P<0.001),但學校輔導及心理健康方面卻無關。女性青少年的家庭生活與其自我效能(P<0.001)、學校輔導(P<0.001)及心理健康(P<0.001)有關;女性青少年的學校生活與其自我效能方面無顯著影響,但其學校生活與學校輔導(P<0.001)及心理健康(P<0.001)有關;女性青少年的自我概念與其自我效能有關(P<0.001),但其自我概念與學校輔導及心理健康無關。結論:在瞭解臺灣經濟弱勢男及女性青少年自我效能受到影響因素,我們應該重視這些問題,並針對這些問題予與解決。


Objective:The objective of this study is to explore those Taiwan economically disadvantaged adolescents who received help whether their self-efficacy will be affected by their family life, school life, self-concept, school counseling and mental health. Methods:This study uses the dada of “Taiwan Database of Children and Youth in Proverty”by the institute of Taiwan Found For Children and Families. A total of 2,671 adolescents data at age between 13-20 have been used to analyze (male = 1,241; females = 1,430). This investigation was conducted from July 1, 2011 to October 31, 2011, by systematic selection in each country. In this study, structural equation model analysis has been used to identify self-efficacy model. Result:The self -efficacy of Taiwanese economically disadvantaged adolescents is different in gender (p<0.001); therefore two groups of male and female would be explored individually. Male adolescents'' s family life is associated with their self-efficacy (p<0.001), school counseling (p<0.001) and mental health and self-efficacy (p<0.001). Male adolescents'' s school life has nothing to do with self-efficacy, but the school counseling is related with self-efficacy (p<0.001) and mental health (p<0.001). Male adolescents'' s self-concept affects their self-efficacy (p<0.001), but school counseling has nothing to do with mental health. Female adolescents'' s family life is associated with their self-efficacy (p<0.001), school counseling (p<0.001) and mental health (p<0.001). Female adolescents'' s school life is not related with their self-efficacy, but their school life is associated with school counseling (p<0.001) and mental health (p<0.001).Female adolescents'' s self-concept is related to their self-efficacy (p<0.001), but self-concept is not associated with school counseling and mental health. Conclusions: Understanding Taiwan economically disadvantaged male and female adolescents'' s self-efficacy influenced factors, we should pay attention to these issues and solve these problems.

誌謝……………………………………………………………………I
摘要……………………………………………………………………II
Abstract………………………………………………………………III
第一章 緒論……………………………………………………………1
第一節 研究背景………………………………………………………1
第二節 研究動機………………………………………………………3
第三節 研究目的………………………………………………………3
第二章 文獻探討………………………………………………………4
第一節 自我效能之定義………………………………………………4
第二節 家庭生活相關文獻研究探討…………………………………5
第三節 學校生活相關文獻研究探討…………………………………6
第四節 自我概念相關文獻研究探討…………………………………7
第五節 學校輔導相關文獻研究探討…………………………………8
第六節 心理健康相關文獻研究探討…………………………………8
第七節 小結……………………………………………………………9
第三章 材料與方法……………………………………………………10
第一節 研究架構………………………………………………………10
第二節 研究方法………………………………………………………11
壹、資料來源與研究對象…………………………………………… 11
一、資料來源………………………………………………………… 11
二、抽樣步驟………………………………………………………… 11
三、研究對象………………………………………………………… 12
貳、研究工具………………………………………………………… 12
一、結構方程式……………………………………………………… 12
二、模型配適度……………………………………………………… 13
参、研究變項測量…………………………………………………… 14
一、一般自我效能變項……………………………………………… 14
二、家庭生活變項…………………………………………………… 15
三、學校生活變項…………………………………………………… 15
四、自我概念變項…………………………………………………… 16
五、學校輔導變項…………………………………………………… 16
六、心理健康變項…………………………………………………… 17
第四章、研究結果…………………………………………………… 18
第五章、討論………………………………………………………… 25
第一節 自我效能與家庭生活…………………………………………25
第二節 自我效能與學校生活…………………………………………26
第三節 自我效能與自我概念…………………………………………27
第四節 自我效能與學校輔導…………………………………………28
第五節 自我效能與心理健康…………………………………………28
第六節 樣本代表性……………………………………………………29
第六章、 結論、建議與限制…………………………………………30
第一節、 結論…………………………………………………………30
第二節、 建議…………………………………………………………30
第三節、 研究限制……………………………………………………31
參考文獻 ………………………………………………………………32
附件 ……………………………………………………………………46

圖表目錄
圖一、三元交互決定論…………………………………………………4
圖二、影響臺灣經濟弱勢青少年自我效能之因素架構圖……………10
圖三、臺灣經濟弱勢青少年自我效能之研究對象流程圖……………12
圖四、臺灣經濟弱勢女性青少年自我效能之因素結構方程模型……20
圖五、臺灣經濟弱勢女性青少年自我效能之因素結構方程模型……23
表一、臺灣經濟弱勢青少年自我效能分數及檢定……………………18
表二、男性青少年自我效能非標準化殘差係數………………………18
表三、男性家庭生活、學校生及自我概念相關係數…………………21
表四、女性青少年自我效能非標準化殘差係數………………………24
表五、女性家庭生活、學校生及自我概念相關係數…………………24



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